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It was great to see one of our Case Study students follow in her tutor's footsteps by winning the ICAEW prize for the highest score in the world (90%). This is particularly impressive given that she had previously failed with other tuition providers.

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Advanced Level

The study packs for Corporate Reporting and Strategic Business Management include a:

  • self-test questions and worked examples;
  • study guide;
  • module syllabus; and
  • skills and technical knowledge grids
  • Question bank

The Corporate Reporting supplement is aimed at students who have studied Financial Accounting and Reporting UK GAAP and are moving on to study Corporate Reporting, which is based on IFRS.

The study pack for Case Study includes:

  • Digital workbook containing
  • Two Case Study walkthroughs (containing marking keys)

The advance information and exams for each walkthrough are accessed on the ICAEW exam resources page. Make sure to visit the Exam Resources pages where you can access questions within the practice exam software, articles, errata sheets, study tips, examiner guidance, and study webinars that help to put your learning into context.


Advanced Level Case Study

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15 ACA Exams Breakdown – Part 3 ACA Advanced Level Exams

The final part to the 15 ACA exams breakdown is the three ACA Advanced Level exams. These consist of the three exams outlined below. The Case Study exam as mentioned in Part 1 has to be sat last of all the exams. The three Advanced Level exams can be sat in one exam sitting (during either July or November ) but essentially the Case Study must be attempted last. I sat exams 13 and 14 together in July (postponed to August due to Covid-19) and 15 in November 2020.

Spoiler alert: one of the below ACA Advanced Level exams is the exam I ranked as the most difficult ACA exam .

Check out my YouTube video if you would prefer watching to reading!

Table of Contents

Open book exams, 13) corporate reporting (cr), 14) strategic business management (sbm), 15) case study (cs), aca advanced level exams wrap up.

Good news : the Advanced Level ACA exams allow unlimited attempts ! Again as started in Part 2 ACA Professional Level exams for further details regarding credit for prior learning and access arrangements, please refer to Part 1 . As with the Professional Level exams , these ACA Advanced Level exams also include ethical requirements incorporated into them.

As with BPT as stated in Part 2 , any material can be taken into these ACA Advanced Level exams. There are a range of topics and a lot to remember so being completely open book is helpful. However, this does not make them easy. Application is key for these exams. The time pressure also adds difficulty to the open book aspect of the exams. Find out my tips for BPT and how I put together my open book for BPT here .

Please note that these exam do not tell you how many marks each subsection of a question is worth. Take a 40 mark question for example. If it has five different parts totalling 40 marks, the marks are not usually split equally. The question could be split 11, 8, 15, 2 and 4 for example but you will not be told this. With practice, you will need to use judgement to know where the marks are and how to split your time. This is also the case for the BPT Professional Level exam .

ACA Advanced Level Exams ( 50% pass mark – thank god, I needed this!)

The CR exam is 3.5 hours in duration and 2.1 minutes per mark. CR is a combination of the Financial Accounting and Reporting (FAR) and Audit and Assurance (AA) Professional Level exams . As I work in Audit, the 30-40% AA aspect of the exam was usually quite nice. However, as mentioned in ‘What is the ACA? …’ the ACA cover a range of roles so others may struggle. That being said, you can prepare for it in the same way as AA.

The exam consists of three written questions . The marks are usually split 40, 30 and 30. Questions 1 and 3 are integrated questions that test a variety of financial reporting (including consolidation) and assurance topics. Question 1 now also includes some Advanced Information (AI) and this is to do with the use of new data analytics software. My  ACA calendar  will help you to keep track of when this is released for your sitting.

Regarding the financial reporting and AA split in one question, the questions vary paper to paper . You could have a question all around AA. Alternatively you could have a question more mixed between financial reporting and AA. However, question 2 will be purely financial reporting . Depending on the standards tested, question 2 can be good to secure marks as with practice is straightforward. Your open book if prepared well can help you with this.  

Although I did not find the content too bad for this exam at the time, this exam was the closest I had been to failing an ACA exam. I will be writing a blog shortly to outline where I went wrong with this exam so join the journey to find out more. I found this exam to test accounting standards more heavily and paper to paper this can massively vary. One paper could have a whole question on IFRS 9 (mine did) or another could not mention it at all. Usually papers include group reporting but mine did not. It is luck of the draw . However, if you prepare thoroughly you should be fine for 50% .

Click here to read my tips how to pass ACA Corporate Reporting , the hardest of all ACA exams let alone ACA advanced level exams.

The SBM exam is also 3.5 hours in duration so also 2.1 minutes per mark. If you already have had enough of CR from reading the above then please look away. SBM also includes 15-20% of CR but this does actually work quite nicely if you sit the exams together. Up to 10% additionally covers assurance . However, the majority of SBM is mainly a combination of Financial Management (FM) and Business, Strategy and Technology (BST) ( Part 2 ). This exam can be quite difficult if you have not sat FM due to credit for prior learning/exemptions. If you have not sat FM, you can of course recap the content.

The exam consists of two written questions , usually split around 60 and 40 marks. Given the variety of topics covered in this exam, these questions can also vary paper to paper . FM wise, a lot of the content is all still relevant and can come up. This includes investment appraisal, raising finance, business valuations and financial risk management. An example of where CR commonly ties into a financial risk management question is to do with the financial reporting of hedging and IFRS 9.

With a good open book and question practice, I feel by time you get to SBM it is a fairly passable . My tips to pass SBM can be found here .

This is one part of the gateway if you are completing the Level 7 Apprenticeship route to becoming ACA qualified. See my earlier blog outlining the details of this route. I will be releasing a blog specifically about the second part of the gateway (the project report) shortly so join the journey.

Click here for my ICAEW Case Study Made Easy blog post for in depth details. Join my journey to get free Case Study ‘help sheets’ within a few days of joining. You may also want to refer to  How Much Preparation is Enough ,  ACA Case Study Marking Key  as well as  ICAEW Software Testing  for more help on the ACA Case Study exam.

That is a wrap. Thank you for reading my take on the 15 exams. If you missed Part 1 Certificate Level or Part 2 Professional Level , ensure to check these out. You can also find further details of the ACA Advanced Level exams on the ICAEW website. If you would like to see how I ranked these exams in terms of ACA difficulty from hardest ACA exam to easiest , click here .

Please remember that the ACA exams are not the only aspect to becoming ACA qualified. Although these exams are a huge chunk of becoming ACA qualified there are other components too. My upcoming blogs will give further details of the other components but I would like to help you to pass these exams too. I will provide more guidance, tips and notes going forward as well as provide some useful exam statistics . You do not want to miss this so join the journey.

Finally, if you found these blogs helpful please comment your thoughts below and share these with others!


Wow, the Advanced examinations cover a broad spectrum of topics. Which one did you enjoy the most?

Thank you for your comment Marcus and it absolutely does! It’s a tricky one because by this point you want to be finished with exams but I personally preferred CR. I like exams where there is a right or wrong answer (including method marks) rather than more subjective answers such as SBM. Case was just too long to enjoy!

Really insightful post Jag, looking forward to reading about Case in depth so I know what to expect!

Thank you for reading – I will make sure you’re completely prepped!

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Hi Thanks for the post . Currently sitting final 3 and had a couple of qns How did you find the content ? And how did you manage revision and seems like there is a lot of content for CR and SBM and not a great deal of time to learn everything properly

Thank you for your comment!

I found there to be a LOT of content, especially for CR so I would agree with you there.

My approach was usually always to go through the content initially during college and then I get straight to the QB for practise. I would pick things up as I went along and did thorough debrief to questions, refining my notes as I went along. If I then identified content I was still struggling with such as IFRS9, I would then go back to the notes and recap the content further. These exams are open book so ensure to take full advantage of that. Mark up good answers that you could apply to your exam if it came up.

The good thing about sitting these exams together is that CR is also relevant to the SBM exam – two birds one stone! I will be releasing a blog on these in the next couple of weeks to hopefully help more.

In the meantime you can read my blog on Case Study for tips if you have not yet and I would suggest joining the ACA LinkedIn group – here you can find Telegram groups where you can connect with others also in the same boat.

Thanks! Do you have any tips for SBM Any help is appreciated

For SBM I would advise recapping FM content such as business valuations and financial risk management. These could potentially reappear.

As mentioned, CR and SBM do overlap in content so I would recommend studying for these at the same time. To avoid confusion it might be worth having separate notes if you are writing down question bank references on them.

SBM is a mix of FM and BST too so really read the question, pull out the relevant parts and state the obvious. You probably will get marks for this as you did in BST.

SBM is difficult to mark as it can be quite subjective where you’d get marks for sensible points and there are more marks available that the maximum if I remember correctly. That being said, I would still suggest doing as much QB practise as you can.

A lot of the content you would have covered already by this point. Put together a good open book file (I followed a similar approach to my BPT open book as per that blog).

Thanks for your help !!!!

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Insider Risk Management

New Case Study: Unmanaged GTM Tags Become a Security Nightmare

Security Nightmare

Are your tags really safe with Google Tag Manager? If you've been thinking that using GTM means that your tracking tags and pixels are safely managed , then it might be time to think again. In this article we look at how a big-ticket seller that does business on every continent came unstuck when it forgot that you can't afford to allow tags to go unmanaged or become misconfigured.

Read the full case study here .

Google Tag Manager saves website owners time and money. Its visual interface lets them attach tracking tags to their sites and then modify them as needed without the need to call a developer every time. Such tags gather the marketing and analytics data that power growth, and GTM makes them easier to manage, but with strict rules around data privacy to consider, you can't trust it completely; it needs active oversight.

The ticket seller

A case in point that we recently became aware of involves a global company that sells tickets to live events. With global operations it's important to establish who has overall responsibility for a particular function, but in this case, that was lacking. In a culture where the lines of responsibility aren't clear, it isn't surprising that a marketing team outsourced something to an external company because it saw it as a security concern it could offload rather than a marketing issue.

Download the full case study here .

The task was the management of its Google Tag Manager usage. The team may have felt that marketing and growth were their priorities and so this move made sense, but security is one of those strands that runs through everything. The consequence of outsourcing this work was a data breach because the contractor didn't catch a misconfiguration.

GDPR, CCPA, the Cyber Resilience Act , and other privacy-related legislation require companies not to let this happen. They must protect their customers' data and obtain their explicit permission before collecting and sharing it, and because of the misconfiguration this didn't happen. Getting it wrong in this way can be very expensive both in terms of money and reputation, not to mention the fact that cybercriminals have used Google Tag Manager as a vessel for conducting web skimming and keylogging attacks. You can read more about the details of this story in our case study .

How big a problem is misconfiguration?

As we explored the case of the global ticketing company, we became curious about Google Tag Manager and wondered how widespread this kind of problem might be. We wondered how many other companies might be exposing themselves to potential multi-million-dollar class action lawsuits brought by masses of individuals whose data they have shared without permission or against local privacy regulations, and how many might be at risk of attracting big penalties from data privacy watchdogs and industry regulators?

The sample study

We decided to look at a sample of 4,000 websites that use Google Tag Manager. It turned out that they connect an average website to around five applications, and that 45% of these apps are used for advertising, 30% are pixels and 20% are analytics tools. Here are the apps that we found users connecting with Google Tag Manager the most, in order of popularity.

aca case study software

For more information, read the full case study here .

We found that across all industries, Google Tag Manager and its connected apps account for 45% of all risk exposure among users. Overall, 20% of these apps are leaking personal or sensitive user data due to a misconfiguration.

Misconfigurations showed up in the applications below, which account for 85% of all cases:

aca case study software

Oh, the irony!

Ironically, we found that Google Tag Manager itself is responsible for the most cases of misconfigurations that might leak user data and land the website owners who unquestioningly trust it in hot water.

Now, this is not an attack on Google Tag Manager, because it's a very useful and effective tool when handled safely. Our intention is to point out the dangers of not managing the potential risks that come with using it, and to encourage you to read all about the many practical ways of ensuring that your tags behave themselves.

Continuous protection

In considering tactics, techniques, and procedures in cyber, organizations must consider employing a continuous web threat management system, such as Reflectiz. Its digital tag management and security tools give your teams complete visibility and control over tags issuing alerts on any changes to tags (and in fact any code on the website) for review and approval. It satisfies the conflicting priorities of both marketing and security teams, allowing Security to do the gatekeeping without restricting the growth and innovation ambitions of Marketing. Read the full case study to find out more.

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Providing video feedback on assessments

Tom Langston, UCL Arena/HEDS, on giving personalised feedback using screen capture software that allowed the students to view the process.

25 June 2024

MediaCentral Widget Placeholder https://mediacentral.ucl.ac.uk/Player/Cb66j7g1

Watch the video on MediaCentral .  Download the transcript [docx] . 

Video feedback

In this microCPD I talk about my experience of media-based feedback, specifically how I developed the use of video feedback for portfolio assessments on a Level 7 ( find out what qualifications are included in Level 7 ). 

I’ve seen multi-media feedback used by a few colleagues in various departments: a colleague at my previous institution used their mobile phone to record audio feedback for business students. For a colleague teaching in a clinical setting, they ran a case study exam (on Moodle) with each question laying out a narrative through a specific scenario. They were able to analyse the student groups answers while filming themselves, using the lab as a setting to demonstrate parts of the situation the students had encountered.

The history of feedback on the Level 7

While I was undertaking the Level 7 as a student, I had to complete a portfolio as well as a writing a journal article that “could” be published in a journal of my choice. Following the guidelines of the chosen journal as the formatting guide, this was the main focus of the assessment and was marked through annotations on Turnitin with a summative general text comment.

The portfolio was made of multiple reflective blogs that demonstrated our understanding of specific subjects. Across the two years of study, the feedback was more innovative and consisted of a short audio file that could be downloaded from the VLE (Moodle).

As a student it was a useful approach as it felt personal but was slightly hard to follow and was not necessarily targeting each blog post but was much more holistic to your writing style.

Developing video feedback

Upon completing the Level 7, through my role I started to get more involved with the following cohorts. I became part of the course team and fed back my feelings towards the assessment and feedback. Working with the course team, I devised an approach using screen capture software that allowed the students to see us giving our comments as well as their text and grading rubric side by side. We could use our mouse to highlight sections of the text and give clear feedback around the portfolio reflections.

Watch Tom's demo of the process .

Jump to some tips on how to record a screencast yourself . 

The benefits of video feedback

1. tracking the feedback.

Depending on the system used, it is possible to track the student’s engagement with the feedback. This means you could see how long they engaged with the feedback for; if they watched all the feedback or if they skipped parts of the video. As this was a Level 7, the engagement with the feedback was higher as the students (who were also staff) had an understanding of the importance of learning from the feedback to improve their future studies.

2. Positive engagement

When the feedback was released to students, over the next week I started to receive very positive comments from those I had marked. Even if I had given them a poor grade, they emailed to say thank you for the valuable explanation of where they had missed the elements on the grading criteria. The students valued the clear breakdown of their work and how they could improve it for the next years portfolio work. It let them understand what we as markers were looking for and where they had missed those elements in the current submission.

3. Creating a dialogue

Once the students had received their feedback, they were more comfortable in contacting the team to ask any questions about their work. They were also more communicative when starting the second year of study, checking that they understood what was required of them for the next portfolio. The conversations were constructive and as mentioned, even those with lower grades found the feedback positive and relevant to their studies. They knew where to focus their energy and what that might mean going forward.

How to record a screencast

There are a number of ways to record a screencast. The easiest to use is  Microsoft Stream .

Using Microsoft Stream 

Under 'Create new', click 'Screen recording'. There are lots of extra options: you can create a script which will show on an autocue, add text or images to the video... hover your mouse over the different icons to see what they do. Refer to Microsoft's  screen recording guide  if needed.

After you've finished, you'll be given the option to edit the video (for example, by trimming the start and end). The video will be saved to your OneDrive, where it can be shared like any other file. This is what was used to make the demo video above.

Using Zoom 

Create a personal meeting, share the screen and then 'Record to the Cloud' (this may be hidden in the ‘three dots’/ellipsis menu bar).

Zoom will send you a link to the file which can be trimmed using video editing software (if you wish) and then shared with the student. When you share it, you can optionally allow them to download the files.

Find  feedback and assessment regulations and resources on this SharePoint site  [UCL login required]

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Bibliometrics & citations, view options, recommendations, model-based software engineering: a multiple-case study on challenges and development efforts.

A recurring theme in discussions about the adoption of Model-Based Engineering (MBE) is its effectiveness. This is because there is a lack of empirical assessment of the processes and (tool-)use of MBE in practice. We conducted a multiple-case study by ...

An Agile Perspective on Open Source Software Engineering

Open source software OSS development has been a trend parallel to that of agile software development, which is the highly iterative development model following conventional software engineering principles. Striking similarities exist between the two ...

Software process models vs. descriptions: what do practitioners use and need?

Context : It is well known that in software engineering, software or system development processes are very important for getting a high quality product. Such processes can be described in many different ways, from textual documents to existing modeling ...


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ICAEW Academy’s in-depth leadership development programmes take a holistic approach to combine insightful mentoring or coaching, to exclusive events, peer learning groups and workshops. Catering for those significant transitions in your career, these leadership development programmes are instrumental to achieving your ambitions or fulfilling your succession planning goals.

Specialist Finance Qualifications & Programmes

Whatever future path you choose, ICAEW will support the development and acceleration of your career at each stage to enhance your career.

 Young people

Why a career in chartered accountancy?

If you think chartered accountants spend their lives confined to their desks, then think again. They are sitting on the boards of multinational companies, testifying in court and advising governments, as well as supporting charities and businesses from every industry all over the world.

  • Why chartered accountancy?


Search for qualified ACA jobs

Matching highly skilled ICAEW members with attractive organisations seeking talented accountancy and finance professionals.

Volunteering roles

Helping skilled and in-demand chartered accountants give back and strengthen not-for-profit sector with currently over 2,300 organisations posting a variety of volunteering roles with ICAEW.

  • Search for volunteer roles
  • Get ahead by volunteering

Advertise with ICAEW

From as little as £495, access to a pool of highly qualified and ambitious ACA qualified members with searchable CVs.

Early careers and training

Start your ACA training with ICAEW. Find out why a career in chartered accountancy could be for you and how to become a chartered accountant.

Qualified ACA careers

Find Accountancy and Finance Jobs

Voluntary roles

Find Voluntary roles

While you pursue the most interesting and rewarding opportunities at every stage of your career, we’re here to offer you support whatever stage you are or wherever you are in the world and in whichever sector you have chosen to work.

ACA students

"how to guides" for aca students.

  • ACA student guide
  • How to book an exam
  • How to apply for credit for prior learning (CPL)

Exam resources

Here are some resources you will find useful while you study for the ACA qualification.

  • Certificate Level
  • Professional Level
  • Advanced Level

Digital learning materials

All ACA learning materials are now digital only. Read our guide on how to access your learning materials on the ICAEW Bookshelf via the BibliU app, or through your browser.

  • Read the guide

My online training file

Once you are registered as an ACA student, you'll be able to access your training file to log your progress throughout ACA training.

  • Access your training file
  • Student Insights

Fresh insights, innovative ideas and an inside look at the lives and careers of our ICAEW students and members.

  • Read the latest articles

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Getting started.

Welcome to ICAEW! We have pulled together a selection of resources to help you get started with your ACA training, including our popular 'How To' series, which offers step-by-step guidance on everything from registering as an ACA student and applying for CPL, to using your online training file.

Credit for prior learning (CPL)

Credit for prior learning or CPL is our term for exemptions. High quality learning and assessment in other relevant qualifications is appropriately recognised by the award of CPL.

Apply for exams

What you need to know in order to apply for the ACA exams.

The ACA qualification has 15 modules over three levels. They are designed to complement the practical experience you will be gaining in the workplace. They will also enable you to gain in-depth knowledge across a broad range of topics in accountancy, finance and business. Here are some useful resources while you study.

  • Exam results

You will receive your results for all Certificate Level exams, the day after you take the exam and usually five weeks after a Professional and Advanced Level exam session has taken place. Access your latest and archived exam results here.

Training agreement

Putting your theory work into practice is essential to complete your ACA training.

Student support and benefits

We are here to support you throughout your ACA journey. We have a range of resources and services on offer for you to unwrap, from exam resources, to student events and discount cards. Make sure you take advantage of the wealth of exclusive benefits available to you, all year round.

  • Applying for membership

The ACA will open doors to limitless opportunities in all areas of accountancy, business and finance anywhere in the world. ICAEW Chartered Accountants work at the highest levels as finance directors, CEOs and partners of some of the world’s largest organisations.

ACA training FAQs

Do you have a question about the ACA training? Then look no further. Here, you can find answers to frequently asked questions relating to the ACA qualification and training. Find out more about each of the integrated components of the ACA, as well as more information on the syllabus, your training agreement, ICAEW’s rules and regulations and much more.

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Guidance and resources to help members comply with their legal and professional responsibilities around AML.

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ICAEW Technical Releases are a source of good practice guidance on technical and practice issues relevant to ICAEW Chartered Accountants and other finance professionals.

  • ICAEW Technical Releases
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ICAEW's Thought Leadership reports provide clarity and insight on the current and future challenges to the accountancy profession. Our charitable trusts also provide funding for academic research into accountancy.

  • Academic research funding

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Practical, technical and ethical guidance highlighting the most important issues for members, whether in practice or in business.

  • ICAEW Technical Advisory Services helpsheets

Bloomsbury – free for eligible firms

In partnership with Bloomsbury Professional, ICAEW have provided eligible firms with free access to Bloomsbury’s comprehensive online library of around 80 titles from leading tax and accounting subject matter experts.

  • Bloomsbury Accounting and Tax Service

Country resources

Our resources by country provide access to intelligence on over 170 countries and territories including economic forecasts, guides to doing business and information on the tax climate in each jurisdiction.

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Thought leadership, technical resources and professional guidance to support the professional development of members working in specific industries and sectors.

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The audit, assurance and internal audit area has information and guidance on technical and practical matters in relation to these three areas of practice. There are links to events, publications, technical help and audit representations.

The most up-to-date thought leadership, insights, technical resources and professional guidance to support ICAEW members working in and with industry with their professional development.

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Companies, advisers and investors making decisions about creating, developing and acquiring businesses – and the wide range of advisory careers that require this specialist professional expertise.

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Corporate governance is the system by which companies are directed and controlled. Find out more about corporate governance principles, codes and reports, Board subcommittees, roles and responsibilities and shareholder relations. Corporate governance involves balancing the interests of a company’s many stakeholders, such as shareholders, employees, management, customers, suppliers, financiers and the community. Getting governance right is essential to build public trust in companies.

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View a range of practical resources on UK GAAP, IFRS, UK regulation for company accounts and non-financial reporting. Plus find out more about the ICAEW Corporate Reporting Faculty.

Expert analysis on the latest national and international economic issues and trends, and interviews with prominent voices across the finance industry, alongside data on the state of the economy.

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View articles and resources on the financial services sector.

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For ICAEW's members in practice, this area brings together the most up-to-date thought leadership, technical resources and professional guidance to help you in your professional life.

Public Sector

Many ICAEW members work in or with the public sector to deliver public priorities and strong public finances. ICAEW acts in the public interest to support strong financial leadership and better financial management across the public sector – featuring transparency, accountability, governance and ethics – to ensure that public money is spent wisely and that public finances are sustainable.

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Sustainability describes a world that does not live by eating into its capital, whether natural, economic or social. Members in practice, in business and private individuals all have a role to play if sustainability goals are to be met. The work being undertaken by ICAEW in this area is to change behaviour to drive sustainable outcomes.

The Tax area has information and guidance on technical and practical tax matters. There are links to events, the latest tax news and the Tax Faculty’s publications, including helpsheets, webinars and Tax representations.

Keep up-to-date with tech issues and developments, including artificial intelligence (AI), blockchain, big data, and cyber security.

Trust & Ethics

Guidance and resources on key issues, including economic crime, business law, better regulation and ethics. Read through ICAEW’s Code of Ethics and supporting information.


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ICAEW Communities

Information, guidance and networking opportunities on industry sectors, professional specialisms and at various stages throughout your career. Free for ICAEW members and students.

  • Discover a new community


ICAEW Faculties

The accountancy profession is facing change and uncertainty. The ICAEW Faculties can help by providing you with timely and relevant support.

  • Choose to join any of the faculties

UK groups and societies

We have teams on the ground in: East of England, the Midlands, London and South East, Northern, South West, Yorkshire and Humberside, Wales and Scotland.

  • Access your UK region
  • Worldwide support and services

Support and services we offer our members in Africa, America, Canada, the Caribbean, Europe, Greater China, the Middle East, Oceania and South East Asia.

  • Discover our services

ICAEW Faculties are 'centres of technical excellence', strongly committed to enhancing your professional development and helping you to meet your CPD requirements every year. They offer exclusive content, events and webinars, customised for your sector - which you should be able to easily record, when the time comes for the completion of your CPD declaration. Our offering isn't exclusive to Institute members. As a faculty member, the same resources are available to you to ensure you stay ahead of the competition.

Communities by industry / sector

Communities by life stage and workplace, communities by professional specialism, local groups and societies.

We aim to support you wherever in the world you work. Our regional offices and network of volunteers run events and provide access to local accounting updates in major finance centres around the globe.

  • Election explainers

ICAEW experts offer simple guides to help understand the technical, economic jargon that will be at the heart of political debates in the coming weeks.

Insights pulls together the best opinion, analysis, interviews, videos and podcasts on the key issues affecting accountancy and business.

  • See the latest insights

ICAEW podcasts

ICAEW produces two podcast series that count towards your CPD: Accountancy Insights for news from across the profession, and The Tax Track for specialist analysis from the ICAEW Tax Faculty.

Professional development and skills

With new requirements on ICAEW members for continuing professional development, we bring together resources to support you through the changes and look at the skills accountants need for the future.

  • Visit the hub
  • Diversity and Inclusion

Diversity and inclusion is a key pillar of ICAEW's strategy. Discover the latest insights on equality, diversity and inclusion. You can also join our Diversity & Inclusion Community.

  • Find out more on our hub
  • Join the community

Insights specials

A listing of one-off Insights specials that focus on a particular subject, interviewing the key people, identifying developing trends and examining the underlying issues.

Top podcasts

Insights by topic.

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ICAEW Regulation

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  • Regulatory News

View the latest regulatory updates and guidance and subscribe to our monthly newsletter, Regulatory & Conduct News.

  • Regulatory Consultations

Strengthening trust in the profession

Our role as a world-leading improvement regulator is to strengthen trust and protect the public. We do this by enabling, evaluating and enforcing the highest standards in the profession. 

Regulatory applications

Find out how you can become authorised by ICAEW as a regulated firm. 

ICAEW codes and regulations

Professional conduct and complaints, statutory regulated services overseen by icaew, regulations for icaew practice members and firms, additional guidance and support, popular search results.

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Partner in Learning exam resources

The only exclusive Case Study resource for Partners in Learning is the notes from past workshops from the annual tutor conferences.

Online Practice Software

To improve the student experience of accessing the practice software, we have allocated access to the online practice software to all students sitting in July. This is opposed to having them download the practice software and accessing it offline. Students who are already using the online practice software are free to continue using this for question practice.

To access the two Case Study walkthroughs, students should use the  online practice software . The student’s username is the letter Q + ICAEW student number ie Q1234567. The password is qb2022.

Please continue to refer to our production schedules  for expected releases.

Information for Tuition Providers on the Case Study exams from 2023

From July 2023, some changes are being introduced to the Case Study in order to improve the transparency of the marking process:

  • View the changes to the marking key

Presentation of appendix for Requirement 1 in the Case Study

The below note clarifies the presentation of appendices for Requirement 1 in the Case Study, in light of the introduction of computer-based exams for the July 2019 session.

  • View the clarification

Useful links

  • Tutor conference workshop slides and notes

Key resources

  • Student ACA exam resources
  • Ethics learning and assessment programme
  • Key Partners in Learning contacts

Qayam Abdul

For enquiries about becoming a Partner in Learning as a tuition provider, please contact:

Students exam resources

See what your students have access to. Access the Case Study syllabus, skills development grid, errata, past exam papers and mark plans, past illustrative scripts and advance information, and Vital articles.

Read out this code to the operator.


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  1. Case Study module study resources

    The Case Study exam will assess your understanding of providing advice on complex business issues in the form of a written report. The scenario may be based on a variety of different organisational structures or operations, and you will be provided with advance information ahead of the exam. The exam is four hours long and will consist of three ...

  2. ICAEW Case Study Made Easy

    Requirement 1. Requirement 1 is part of that 40% where you know what question will come up. There is a small part of this requirement that is unknown but using the case study you can form an educated guess for what might come up. The first thing you will need to do for every requirement is to create an appendix.

  3. How to Pass the ICAEW ACA Case Study Exam

    3. Understand what information is provided in the Advance Information (AI) and what is provided in the exam. 4. Learn the Case Study exam technique which ensures that you hit all the boxes on the mark scheme. 5. Practice mock exams to master your exam technique. Step 1: Understand how Case Study is marked.

  4. New ICAEW Exam Software Testing Experience

    Regarding the ACA Case Study, please see the image below to get a full picture of the old software. In my tips for the ACA Case Study exam, several of these are relevant to this old software. For example, in this old ICAEW exam software, there were separate tabs for different parts of the question. This meant the executive summary was on a ...

  5. ICAEW Prize-Winning Tutor

    Case Study. Having scored 92% in the Case Study exam, and winning the ICAEW prize for the highest score in the world, Kieran now teaches students the analytical skills and exam technique required to emulate this success. Under his guidance, one of our students also went on to win the ICAEW prize for the highest score in the world (score of 90% ...

  6. ACA Advanced

    The Advanced Case Study resit course balances exam practice, case study skills development, and analysis of the Advanced Information in order to provide you with a path to success in your resit exam. ... ICAEW's exam software has been developed to ensure the ACA reflects modern accountancy practices. This includes: Spreadsheet software that ...

  7. ICAEW Prize-Winning ACA Tutor

    Kieran Doe at ACA Masters is an ICAEW prize-winning ACA tutor who provides classroom courses, online courses, private tuition and our own ACA materials. ... It was great to see one of our Case Study students follow in her tutor's footsteps by winning the ICAEW prize for the highest score in the world (90%). This is particularly impressive given ...

  8. How to pass the ICAEW ACA Case Study exam

    Step 1 - write down how long the exam is in minutes. We know the exam is four hours long. This converts to 240 minutes in total. Step 2 - Take off 10 minutes from the total which is the time set aside to work out and write down your timings per question. This leaves 230 minutes of actual question-answering time.

  9. ACA Advanced Level

    The ICAEW Advanced level exams present real-life scenarios, with greater complexity and wider implications than the Professional Level exams. The Case Study exam will present a complex business issue which will require problem solving, the identification of ethical implications and your ability to provide effective solutions.

  10. The Weekend Before Sitting ACA Advanced Level Exams: Last Minute Tips

    For the ACA Case Study click here for exactly what information you should have pulled out from the Advanced Information (AI) as well as details of planning sheets. 2) Revisit Difficult Topics . I have always found with the ACA exams in particular that things start to click quite late/close to the exam. Admittedly, I think some topics (IFRS 9 ...

  11. Requirement one, two and three in the Case Study exam

    This series of Case Study exam resources will cover everything you need to know to prepare for the Case Study exam. This includes: Introduction to the Case Study exam; How to approach the advance information; Using the advance information during the Case Study exam; A guide on Requirements one, two and three; An overview of the Executive Summary

  12. Tips and advice for case study? : r/ICAEW

    These can be useful to practise more exams on your actual case study if you want, but pricey unless you can split it between a few people. Most important thing is learn your case study inside out. Make lists of useful contextual points from it and read the example papers on ICAEW website for past sittings and the examiners comments. Reply.

  13. ACAMasters for Case study : r/ICAEW

    ACA Masters is great. I study using the video class and passed on my 1st attempt for July 2023 Case Study Paper. I started 2 months before the exam and did Nov 2022 papers (3 mocks + actual paper) using the exam techniques taught and focus on the 3 mock papers available once the AI is released in June. I managed to pass with 65 marks, might ...

  14. Advanced Level Case Study

    Advanced Level Case Study. The Case Study module covers the following topics: Ensure you order the correct edition of the materials. The 2023 edition is aligned with the syllabus and exams for 2023 only. The 2024 edition is aligned with the syllabus and exams for 2024 only. You risk losing exam marks if you use a different edition.

  15. Advanced Level Case Study advance information

    The Advanced Level Case Study exam includes advance information released prior to the exam sitting. This allows you time to become familiar with the information and to undertake any other appropriate research and analysis. Select the relevant product below, depending on the exam sitting, and proceed to check out to get the product in your ICAEW ...

  16. Study ACA online

    ACA qualification Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales. ACA is a great option if you're looking to become a chartered accountant and work in accountancy and finance. It opens a wealth of opportunities, as you can specialise in specific areas or sectors, or work broadly across multiple industries.

  17. Advanced Level

    Two Case Study walkthroughs (containing marking keys) The advance information and exams for each walkthrough are accessed on the ICAEW exam resources page. Make sure to visit the Exam Resources pages where you can access questions within the practice exam software, articles, errata sheets, study tips, examiner guidance, and study webinars that ...

  18. Exam software

    When opening the ICAEW Bookshelf or the data analytics software within the practice software, you will be asked to log in. In your real exam you will be logged in automatically using single sign on. Differences between the practice and exam software. Please be aware that the online practice software will be unavailable on exam session days.

  19. 15 ACA Exams Breakdown

    Join my journey to get free Case Study 'help sheets' within a few days of joining. You may also want to refer to How Much Preparation is Enough, ACA Case Study Marking Key as well as ICAEW Software Testing for more help on the ACA Case Study exam. ACA Advanced Level Exams Wrap Up. That is a wrap. Thank you for reading my take on the 15 exams.

  20. ACA Compliance Software

    ACA Product Tour. Expert ACA compliance software minimizes risk and maximizes efficiency to prepare required ACA reporting. Our unified HCM database features intuitive, built-in capabilities including, configurable measurement periods, eligibility and status change notification, profile rules and auto-creation of forms 1094 & 1095 that complement your workflow and make compliance easier to manage.

  21. New Case Study: Unmanaged GTM Tags Become a Security Nightmare

    For more information, read the full case study here. The risk. We found that across all industries, Google Tag Manager and its connected apps account for 45% of all risk exposure among users. Overall, 20% of these apps are leaking personal or sensitive user data due to a misconfiguration.

  22. Providing video feedback on assessments

    I've seen multi-media feedback used by a few colleagues in various departments: a colleague at my previous institution used their mobile phone to record audio feedback for business students. For a colleague teaching in a clinical setting, they ran a case study exam (on Moodle) with each question laying out a narrative through a specific scenario.

  23. Advanced Level

    The Case Study tests the knowledge, skills and experience you have gained to date. The Advanced Level exams are fully open book, replicating a real-life scenario where all the resources are at your fingertips. The exams are available to sit every July and November.

  24. How a Cyberattack Took 15,000 Car Dealers Offline

    Roughly 15,000 car dealerships across the US and Canada have gone days without software systems crucial to running their business, following multiple cyberattacks on CDK Global. The company is one ...

  25. Full article: Evaluation of lean construction practices for improving

    Case studies of real construction projects were conducted to provide a practical understanding of lean implementation with the study area shown in Figure 1. Ethical guidelines were adhered to throughout the research process, and informed consent was obtained from participants (Ssali et al., Citation 2022 ).

  26. Processes, methods, and tools in model-based engineering—A qualitative

    To address this research gap, we conducted a multiple-case study involving 14 individuals from nine different companies, conducting a total of 12 interviews. ... Runeson P., Höst M., Guidelines for conducting and reporting case study research in software engineering, Empir. Softw. Eng. 14 (2) (2008) 131-164,. Digital Library. Google Scholar

  27. Introduction to the Case Study exam

    This series of Case Study exam resources will cover everything you need to know to prepare for the Case Study exam. This includes: Introduction to the Case Study exam. How to approach the advance information. Using the advance information during the Case Study exam. A guide on Requirements one, two and three. An overview of the Executive Summary.

  28. ACA

    To access the two Case Study walkthroughs, students should use the online practice software. The student's username is the letter Q + ICAEW student number ie Q1234567. The password is qb2022. Please continue to refer to our production schedules for expected releases.