Essay Papers Writing Online

Mastering the art of writing a cause and effect essay – a comprehensive guide for students.

Write a cause and effect essay

Have you ever wondered about the intricate web of causes and effects that shape our daily lives? The world is an interconnected tapestry, where actions lead to consequences and ripple effects can be felt far and wide. Delving into the realm of cause and effect essay writing allows us to explore this fascinating phenomenon and shed light on the intricate dynamics that drive our world.

Unlocking the secrets of causality becomes a thrilling adventure, where we unravel the threads that bind seemingly unrelated events. This form of essay is a powerful tool to analyze the core reasons behind certain outcomes and elucidate the multifaceted consequences that follow. As we embark on this journey, we will discover that cause and effect essay writing is not merely an exercise in academic observation, but a transformative process that enhances our analytical skills and deepens our understanding of the world.

Embracing the challenge of writing a cause and effect essay grants us the opportunity to gain mastery over the art of logical reasoning and critical thinking. Through meticulous examination and careful evaluation, we can trace the roots of various phenomena, untangle the intricacies of cause and effect relationships, and unlock a deeper comprehension of our surroundings.

Choosing a Topic for Your Cause and Effect Essay

When it comes to crafting a compelling cause and effect essay, one of the most vital steps is selecting the right topic. The topic you choose will lay the groundwork for the entire essay, determining the direction and scope of your analysis. It is essential to choose a topic that is not only engaging but also allows for a deeper exploration of the cause and effect relationship.

To begin, consider your personal interests and passions. Reflect on the issues or phenomena that have caught your attention and inspired your curiosity. By selecting a topic that genuinely interests you, you will be more motivated to dive into thorough research and analysis, resulting in a more compelling essay.

In addition to personal interests, it is also crucial to consider the current relevance and significance of a topic. Look for subjects that are currently generating discourse or have real-life implications. Choosing a topic that is timely and meaningful will not only enhance the relevance of your essay but also demonstrate your understanding of the broader context.

Furthermore, consider the available resources for research. Ensure that there is ample information and scholarly resources available on the topic you choose. Adequate research material will allow for a comprehensive understanding of the cause and effect relationship, enabling you to provide well-supported arguments in your essay.

Lastly, it is important to select a topic that is neither too broad nor too narrow. A broad topic may result in a superficial analysis, while a narrow topic may restrict your ability to explore the cause and effect relationship fully. Striking the right balance will ensure that you can provide a comprehensive analysis within the scope of your essay.

By considering your personal interests, the current relevance of a topic, the availability of research material, and the scope of analysis, you can choose a topic that will lay the foundation for an engaging and insightful cause and effect essay.

Discover how to select a captivating topic that will captivate your audience

When it comes to writing a compelling cause and effect essay, one of the most important factors is choosing a captivating topic that will engage and capture the interest of your readers. The topic you select sets the stage for the entire essay, determining the tone, focus, and overall impact of your writing.

It is crucial to choose a subject that is not only interesting but also relevant and meaningful. Selecting a topic that resonates with your readers will not only motivate them to continue reading but also to connect with and appreciate the content you are presenting.

Consider selecting a topic that is current and trending, as this will immediately grab the attention of your audience. You can explore current events, social issues, or even pop culture phenomena that have a cause and effect relationship worth examining. By choosing a topic that is relevant to the lives of your readers, you are more likely to capture their interest and make them invested in your essay.

Another approach to selecting a compelling topic is to target a subject that is controversial or thought-provoking. Controversial topics often spark debates and discussions, which can create a sense of excitement and engagement among your readers. By presenting different perspectives and analyzing the cause and effect relationships of a controversial issue, you can encourage your audience to think critically and consider different viewpoints.

Additionally, selecting a topic that is unique and rarely explored can also be an effective way to engage your readers. By presenting them with fresh and interesting content, you can pique their curiosity and keep them hooked throughout your essay. Look for lesser-known cause and effect relationships or delve into a subject that hasn’t been extensively covered to provide your readers with a unique and captivating reading experience.

In conclusion, choosing a compelling topic for your cause and effect essay is essential in capturing the attention and interest of your readers. By selecting a relevant, controversial, or unique subject, you can pique their curiosity and make them invested in your writing. Remember to consider your audience’s interests and values when choosing a topic to ensure that it resonates with them and keeps them engaged from start to finish.

Learn the essential components and organization of this type of academic writing

Learn the essential components and organization of this type of academic writing

Understanding how to write a cause and effect essay involves knowing the key elements and structure that make up this particular type of academic writing. By grasping the essential components and organization, you will be equipped to effectively convey the relationship between causes and effects in your essay.

One important component of a cause and effect essay is the introduction, which provides an overview of the topic and clearly states the thesis statement. The thesis statement should express the main idea or argument of the essay, outlining the causes and effects that will be discussed.

Following the introduction, the body paragraphs of the essay delve into specific causes and effects. Each paragraph should focus on a single cause or effect, providing clear explanations and supporting evidence. It is important to use transitional words and phrases to guide the reader through the essay, making connections between causes and effects.

Additionally, proper organization is key in a cause and effect essay. One common approach is the chronological organization, where causes are presented in the order in which they occurred, leading to the effects. Another approach is the categorical organization, where causes and effects are grouped together based on common themes or categories.

Finally, a cause and effect essay should conclude with a clear summary of the main points and a restatement of the thesis statement. The conclusion should leave a lasting impression on the reader, emphasizing the significance of the causes and effects discussed in the essay.

By understanding and implementing the essential components and organization of a cause and effect essay, you can effectively analyze and present the causal relationships between events or phenomena. This type of academic writing allows you to explore the causes and effects of various topics, providing a deeper understanding and insight into the subject matter.

Gathering Evidence for Your Cause and Effect Analysis

Gathering Evidence for Your Cause and Effect Analysis

When it comes to crafting a compelling cause and effect analysis, gathering solid evidence is crucial. In order to effectively support your claims and establish the cause-effect relationship, it is important to gather relevant and reliable evidence from various sources. By doing so, you can strengthen your arguments and provide a well-rounded understanding of the topic at hand.

Identify the Cause and Effect

Before you begin gathering evidence, it is necessary to clearly identify the cause and effect you will be exploring in your essay. This will help you focus your research and ensure that the evidence you collect directly supports your analysis. Clearly defining the cause and effect will also assist you in avoiding any potential tangents or unrelated information in your essay.

Research Scholarly Sources

A key element in gathering evidence for your cause and effect essay is conducting thorough research using reputable, scholarly sources. These sources can include academic journals, books, government publications, and authoritative websites. By utilizing these resources, you will be able to access well-researched and reliable information that adds credibility to your analysis.

Interview Experts or Professionals

In addition to scholarly sources, interviewing experts or professionals in the field related to your cause and effect topic can provide valuable insights and firsthand knowledge. These individuals can offer unique perspectives and experiences that can enhance the depth and quality of your analysis. Be sure to prepare thoughtful and relevant questions to make the most out of your interviews.

Gather Statistical Data

Statistics play a crucial role in a cause and effect essay as they provide quantifiable evidence to support your claims. Gathering statistical data, such as surveys, studies, or reports, helps to strengthen the cause-effect relationship by presenting concrete numbers and trends. Ensure that the statistical data you use is reliable and from credible sources in order to maintain the integrity of your analysis.

Utilize Case Studies or Examples

Using case studies or examples can further enhance the evidence used in your cause and effect analysis. Real-life examples or specific cases provide a practical understanding of the cause-effect relationship and make it easier for readers to connect with your arguments. Choose case studies or examples that are relevant to your topic and effectively illustrate the cause and effect you are discussing.

Gathering evidence is an essential step in writing a compelling cause and effect analysis. By clearly identifying the cause and effect, conducting thorough research, interviewing experts, utilizing statistical data, and incorporating case studies or examples, you can effectively support your claims and provide a well-rounded analysis. Remember to use reliable sources and present the evidence in a clear and organized manner to strengthen your arguments and engage your readers.

Explore effective research methods to support your claims and strengthen your arguments

In order to write a compelling cause and effect essay, it is crucial to support your claims and strengthen your arguments with solid research. By utilizing effective research methods, you can gather relevant evidence and data to back up your statements and make your essay more convincing. This section will explore various research techniques that can help you in this process.

One effective research method is conducting interviews. By directly speaking with experts or people with firsthand experience on the topic you’re discussing, you can gather valuable insights and personal anecdotes that can enrich your writing. Interviewing individuals who have a deep understanding of the cause-and-effect relationship you’re exploring can provide unique perspectives and strengthen your arguments.

Another research method to consider is conducting surveys or questionnaires. By designing well-crafted questions and distributing them to a relevant sample group, you can collect quantitative data that supports your claims. Surveys allow you to gather a large amount of information efficiently and objectively. This data can then be used to analyze patterns, trends, and correlations, which can further strengthen your arguments.

Utilizing scholarly sources such as academic journals and books is also an effective research approach. These sources provide in-depth analysis, research findings, and scholarly opinions on the causes and effects you’re discussing. By referencing reputable and authoritative sources, you can lend credibility to your arguments and demonstrate that your claims are well-supported by existing literature in the field.

Additionally, incorporating statistical data and empirical evidence can significantly strengthen your reasoning. By citing statistics, figures, and studies that provide concrete evidence of the cause-and-effect relationship you’re exploring, you can make your arguments more persuasive. This kind of data adds an objective and factual element to your essay, making it more compelling to readers.

Interviews Directly speaking with experts or individuals with firsthand experience on the topic. Provides unique insights and personal anecdotes.
Surveys/Questionnaires Designing well-crafted questions and collecting data from a relevant sample group. Provides quantitative data to support claims.
Scholarly Sources Academic journals, books, and reputable sources that offer in-depth analysis and research findings on the topic.
Statistical Data Citing statistics, figures, and empirical evidence that provide concrete support for arguments and demonstrate the cause-and-effect relationship.

By exploring and utilizing these research methods, you can ensure that your cause and effect essay is well-supported and thoroughly grounded in evidence. The combination of qualitative and quantitative data, expert insights, and scholarly sources will strengthen your arguments and make your essay more persuasive and credible.

Related Post

How to master the art of writing expository essays and captivate your audience, convenient and reliable source to purchase college essays online, step-by-step guide to crafting a powerful literary analysis essay, unlock success with a comprehensive business research paper example guide, unlock your writing potential with writers college – transform your passion into profession, “unlocking the secrets of academic success – navigating the world of research papers in college”, master the art of sociological expression – elevate your writing skills in sociology.

Cause and Effect Essay Outline: Types, Examples and Writing Tips

20 June, 2020

9 minutes read

Author:  Tomas White

This is a complete guide on writing cause and effect essays. Find a link to our essay sample at the end. Let's get started!

Cause and Effect

What is a Cause and Effect Essay?

A cause and effect essay is the type of paper that the author is using to analyze the causes and effects of a particular action or event. A curriculum usually includes this type of exercise to test your ability to understand the logic of certain events or actions.

cause and effect essay

If you can see the logic behind cause and effect in the world around you, you will encounter fewer problems when writing. If not, writing this kind of paper will give you the chance to improve your skillset and your brain’s ability to reason.

“Shallow men believe in luck or in circumstance. Strong men believe in cause and effect.” ― Ralph Waldo Emerson

In this article, the  Handmade Writing team will find out how to create an outline for your cause and effect essay – the key to successful essay writing.

Types of the Cause and Effect Essay

Before writing this kind of essay, you need to draft the structure. A good structure will result in a good paper, so it’s important to have a plan before you start. But remember , there’s no need to reinvent the wheel: just about every type of structure has already been formulated by someone.

If you are still unsure about the definition of an essay, you can take a look at our guide:  What is an Essay?

Generally speaking, there are three types of cause and effect essays. We usually differentiate them by the number of and relationships between the different causes and the effects. Let’s take a quick look at these three different cases:

1. Many causes, one effect

Cause and effect graphic organizer

This kind of essay illustrates how different causes can lead to one effect. The idea here is to try and examine a variety of causes, preferably ones that come from different fields, and prove how they contributed to a particular effect. If you are writing about World War I, for example, mention the political, cultural, and historical factors that led to the great war.

By examining a range of fundamental causes, you will be able to demonstrate your knowledge about the topic.

Here is how to structure this type of essay:

  • Introduction
  • Cause #3 (and so on…)
  • The effect of the causes

2. One cause, many effects

Cause and effect chart

This type of cause and effect essay is constructed to show the various effects of a particular event, problem, or decision. Once again, you will have to demonstrate your comprehensive knowledge and analytical mastery of the field. There is no need to persuade the reader or present your argument . When writing this kind of essay, in-depth knowledge of the problem or event’s roots will be of great benefit. If you know why it happened, it will be much easier to write about its effects.

Here is the structure for this kind of essay:

  • Effect #3 (and so on…)

3. Chain of causes and effects

Cause and effect pictures

This is the most challenging type. You need to maintain a chain of logic that demonstrates a sequence of actions and consequences, leading to the end of the chain. Although this is usually the most interesting kind of cause and effect essay, it can also be the most difficult to write.

Here is the outline structure:

  • Effect #1 = Cause #2
  • Effect #2 = Cause #3
  • Effect #3 = Cause #4 (and so on…)

Cause and Effect Essay Outline Example

Let’s take a look at an example. Below, you will find an outline for the topic “The causes of obesity” (Type 1) :

Cause and effect examples

As you can see, we used a blended strategy here. When writing about the ever-increasing consumption of unhealthy food, it is logical to talk about the marketing strategies that encourage people to buy fast food. If you are discussing fitness trainers, it is important to mention that people need to be checked by a doctor more often, etc.

In case you face some issues with writing your Cause and Effect essay, you can always count on our Essay Writers !

How do I start writing once I have drafted the structure?

If you start by structuring each paragraph and collecting suitable examples, the writing process will be much simpler. The final essay might not come up as a classic five paragraph essay – it all depends on the cause-effect chain and the number of statements of your essay.

Five paragraph essay graphic organizer

In the Introduction, try to give the reader a general idea of what the cause and effect essay will contain. For an experienced reader, a thesis statement will be an indication that you know what you are writing about. It is also important to emphasize how and why this problem is relevant to modern life. If you ever need to write about the Caribbean crisis, for instance, state that the effects of the Cold War are still apparent in contemporary global politics. 

Related Post: How to write an Essay introduction | How to write a Thesis statement

In the Body, provide plenty of details about what causes led to the effects. Once again, if you have already assembled all the causes and effects with their relevant examples when writing your plan, you shouldn’t have any problems. But, there are some things to which you must pay particular attention. To begin with, try to make each paragraph the same length: it looks better visually. Then, try to avoid weak or unconvincing causes. This is a common mistake, and the reader will quickly realize that you are just trying to write enough characters to reach the required word count.

Moreover, you need to make sure that your causes are actually linked to their effects. This is particularly important when you write a “chained” cause and effect essay (type 3) . You need to be able to demonstrate that each cause was actually relevant to the final result. As I mentioned before, writing the Body without preparing a thorough and logical outline is often an omission.

The Conclusion must be a summary of the thesis statement that you proposed in the Introduction. An effective Conclusion means that you have a well-developed understanding of the subject. Notably, writing the Conclusion can be one of the most challenging parts of this kind of project. You typically write the Conclusion once you have finished the Body, but in practice, you will sometimes find that a well-written conclusion will reveal a few mistakes of logic in the body!

Cause and Effect Essay Sample

Be sure to check the sample essay, completed by our writers. Use it as an example to write your own cause and effect essay. Link: Cause and effect essay sample: Advertising ethic issues .

Tips and Common Mistakes from Our Expert Writers

College essay tips

Check out Handmadewriting paper writing Guide to learn more about academic writing!

A life lesson in Romeo and Juliet taught by death

A life lesson in Romeo and Juliet taught by death

Due to human nature, we draw conclusions only when life gives us a lesson since the experience of others is not so effective and powerful. Therefore, when analyzing and sorting out common problems we face, we may trace a parallel with well-known book characters or real historical figures. Moreover, we often compare our situations with […]

Ethical Research Paper Topics

Ethical Research Paper Topics

Writing a research paper on ethics is not an easy task, especially if you do not possess excellent writing skills and do not like to contemplate controversial questions. But an ethics course is obligatory in all higher education institutions, and students have to look for a way out and be creative. When you find an […]

Art Research Paper Topics

Art Research Paper Topics

Students obtaining degrees in fine art and art & design programs most commonly need to write a paper on art topics. However, this subject is becoming more popular in educational institutions for expanding students’ horizons. Thus, both groups of receivers of education: those who are into arts and those who only get acquainted with art […]

Logo for M Libraries Publishing

Want to create or adapt books like this? Learn more about how Pressbooks supports open publishing practices.

10.8 Cause and Effect

Learning objectives.

  • Determine the purpose and structure of cause and effect in writing.
  • Understand how to write a cause-and-effect essay.

The Purpose of Cause and Effect in Writing

It is often considered human nature to ask, “why?” and “how?” We want to know how our child got sick so we can better prevent it from happening in the future, or why our colleague a pay raise because we want one as well. We want to know how much money we will save over the long term if we buy a hybrid car. These examples identify only a few of the relationships we think about in our lives, but each shows the importance of understanding cause and effect.

A cause is something that produces an event or condition; an effect is what results from an event or condition. The purpose of the cause-and-effect essay is to determine how various phenomena relate in terms of origins and results. Sometimes the connection between cause and effect is clear, but often determining the exact relationship between the two is very difficult. For example, the following effects of a cold may be easily identifiable: a sore throat, runny nose, and a cough. But determining the cause of the sickness can be far more difficult. A number of causes are possible, and to complicate matters, these possible causes could have combined to cause the sickness. That is, more than one cause may be responsible for any given effect. Therefore, cause-and-effect discussions are often complicated and frequently lead to debates and arguments.

Use the complex nature of cause and effect to your advantage. Often it is not necessary, or even possible, to find the exact cause of an event or to name the exact effect. So, when formulating a thesis, you can claim one of a number of causes or effects to be the primary, or main, cause or effect. As soon as you claim that one cause or one effect is more crucial than the others, you have developed a thesis.

Consider the causes and effects in the following thesis statements. List a cause and effect for each one on your own sheet of paper.

  • The growing childhood obesity epidemic is a result of technology.
  • Much of the wildlife is dying because of the oil spill.
  • The town continued programs that it could no longer afford, so it went bankrupt.
  • More young people became politically active as use of the Internet spread throughout society.
  • While many experts believed the rise in violence was due to the poor economy, it was really due to the summer-long heat wave.

Write three cause-and-effect thesis statements of your own for each of the following five broad topics.

  • Health and nutrition

The Structure of a Cause-and-Effect Essay

The cause-and-effect essay opens with a general introduction to the topic, which then leads to a thesis that states the main cause, main effect, or various causes and effects of a condition or event.

The cause-and-effect essay can be organized in one of the following two primary ways:

  • Start with the cause and then talk about the effects.
  • Start with the effect and then talk about the causes.

For example, if your essay were on childhood obesity, you could start by talking about the effect of childhood obesity and then discuss the cause or you could start the same essay by talking about the cause of childhood obesity and then move to the effect.

Regardless of which structure you choose, be sure to explain each element of the essay fully and completely. Explaining complex relationships requires the full use of evidence, such as scientific studies, expert testimony, statistics, and anecdotes.

Because cause-and-effect essays determine how phenomena are linked, they make frequent use of certain words and phrases that denote such linkage. See Table 10.4 “Phrases of Causation” for examples of such terms.

Table 10.4 Phrases of Causation

as a result consequently
because due to
hence since
thus therefore

The conclusion should wrap up the discussion and reinforce the thesis, leaving the reader with a clear understanding of the relationship that was analyzed.

Be careful of resorting to empty speculation. In writing, speculation amounts to unsubstantiated guessing. Writers are particularly prone to such trappings in cause-and-effect arguments due to the complex nature of finding links between phenomena. Be sure to have clear evidence to support the claims that you make.

Look at some of the cause-and-effect relationships from Note 10.83 “Exercise 2” . Outline the links you listed. Outline one using a cause-then-effect structure. Outline the other using the effect-then-cause structure.

Writing a Cause-and-Effect Essay

Choose an event or condition that you think has an interesting cause-and-effect relationship. Introduce your topic in an engaging way. End your introduction with a thesis that states the main cause, the main effect, or both.

Organize your essay by starting with either the cause-then-effect structure or the effect-then-cause structure. Within each section, you should clearly explain and support the causes and effects using a full range of evidence. If you are writing about multiple causes or multiple effects, you may choose to sequence either in terms of order of importance. In other words, order the causes from least to most important (or vice versa), or order the effects from least important to most important (or vice versa).

Use the phrases of causation when trying to forge connections between various events or conditions. This will help organize your ideas and orient the reader. End your essay with a conclusion that summarizes your main points and reinforces your thesis. See Chapter 15 “Readings: Examples of Essays” to read a sample cause-and-effect essay.

Choose one of the ideas you outlined in Note 10.85 “Exercise 3” and write a full cause-and-effect essay. Be sure to include an engaging introduction, a clear thesis, strong evidence and examples, and a thoughtful conclusion.

Key Takeaways

  • The purpose of the cause-and-effect essay is to determine how various phenomena are related.
  • The thesis states what the writer sees as the main cause, main effect, or various causes and effects of a condition or event.

The cause-and-effect essay can be organized in one of these two primary ways:

  • Start with the cause and then talk about the effect.
  • Start with the effect and then talk about the cause.
  • Strong evidence is particularly important in the cause-and-effect essay due to the complexity of determining connections between phenomena.
  • Phrases of causation are helpful in signaling links between various elements in the essay.

Writing for Success Copyright © 2015 by University of Minnesota is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License , except where otherwise noted.

Cause And Effect Essay Writing

Cathy A.

How to Write Cause and Effect Essays in Simple Steps

11 min read

Published on: Mar 13, 2020

Last updated on: Mar 25, 2024

cause and effect essay writing

People also read

Learn How to Create a Cause and Effect Essay Outline

Top Cause and Effect Essay Topics to Impress Your Readers

Share this article

Are you struggling to wrap your head around cause and effect essays? Don’t worry; you’re not alone. 

These essays might seem complex at first glance, but with the right approach, they can become easier to write.

In this comprehensive guide, we'll look into what cause and effect essays are, how to structure them, and provide valuable tips and examples to help you understand this type of writing.

On This Page On This Page -->

What is a Cause and Effect Essay?

A cause and effect essay is a type of essay writing that explores the relationship between events, actions, or phenomena (causes) and their outcomes or consequences (effects) . 

In this type of essay, the writer analyzes how one event leads to another, providing insights into the underlying causes and the resulting effects. Cause and effect essays aim to explain the connections between various occurrences and explain the reasons behind certain outcomes. 

They often require critical thinking, careful analysis, and the use of evidence and examples to support arguments.

You may confuse cause-and-effect essays with compare and contrast essays . While cause and effect essays focus on analyzing the relationship between events, compare and contrast essays examine similarities and differences between two or more subjects or ideas.

How to Structure a Cause and Effect Essay

There are two main structural types commonly used to write a cause and effect essay: the block structure and the chain structure.

Block Structure

In the block structure, the writer first discusses all the causes of the event in one section, followed by a separate section dedicated to discussing all the effects.

This cause and effect essay format allows for a clear separation between the causes and effects, making it easier for the reader to understand the relationships between them.

Use the block structure when:

  • There are multiple causes and effects to discuss, and you want to provide a comprehensive overview of each.
  • You prefer a clear separation between causes and effects for easier understanding.

Chain Structure

In the chain structure, each cause is followed immediately by its corresponding effect(s), creating a chain-like sequence of events.

This structure emphasizes the direct relationship between each cause and its effect, providing a more immediate and interconnected narrative.

Use the chain structure when:

  • You want to emphasize the direct relationship between each cause and its effect.
  • You're discussing a series of events that occur in a linear or chronological order.

Cause and Effect Essay Outline

Creating an outline is essential for organizing your thoughts and structuring your cause and effect essay effectively. 

Here's a basic outline to guide you through the writing process:

Start with an attention-grabbing statement or question to engage the reader. Provide context and background information on the topic. Clearly state the main causes and effects you will discuss in your essay.

Introduction to Causes

Introduce the first cause you will discuss. Provide an explanation of the cause and its significance. Support your explanation with relevant examples or evidence.

Introduce the effects resulting from the first cause. Discuss the consequences or outcomes of the cause. Provide examples or evidence to illustrate the effects.

Repeat the above structure for each additional cause and its corresponding effects.

Summarize the main causes and effects discussed in the essay. Highlight the connections between the causes and effects. End with a thought-provoking statement or suggestion for further exploration of the topic.

Need a detailed outline guide? Be sure to check out our blog on " Cause and Effect Essay Outline " for a comprehensive breakdown of how to organize your essay.

How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay

Writing a cause and effect essay involves examining the reasons (causes) and outcomes (effects) of a particular event, phenomenon, or situation. Here's a step-by-step guide to help you craft an effective cause and effect essay:

Step 1: Choose a Topic

Start by selecting a topic that interests you and has clear cause-and-effect relationships. It could be a social issue, scientific phenomenon, historical event, or any other subject with identifiable causes and effects. 

For example, "The Effects of Climate Change on Wildlife Populations" or "Causes of Obesity in Developed Countries."

Step 2: Conduct Research

Gather relevant information and evidence to support your thesis statement . Look for credible sources such as academic journals, books, government reports, and reputable websites. 

Ensure you have a thorough understanding of both the causes and effects related to your chosen topic.

Step 4: Develop a Thesis Statement

Craft a clear and concise thesis statement that outlines the main causes and effects you will discuss in your essay. Your thesis should provide a roadmap for the reader and clearly state your position on the topic. 

For instance, "The rise in carbon emissions from human activities is leading to severe consequences for global ecosystems."

Step 5: Outline your Essay

Create a structured outline that organizes your ideas and arguments logically. Divide your essay into introduction , body paragraphs (each discussing a specific cause or effect), and conclusion . 

Each body paragraph should focus on one cause or effect and provide supporting details and evidence.

Step 6: Write the Introduction

Begin with an engaging introduction that provides background information on the topic and introduces your thesis statement. 

Hook the reader's attention with an interesting fact, statistic, or anecdote related to your topic. Clearly state the purpose of your essay and preview the main points you will discuss.

In recent years, the proliferation of social media platforms has revolutionized the way people communicate, connect, and consume information. While these platforms offer numerous benefits such as instant communication and global networking, they have also been associated with various negative effects on mental health. This essay explores the causes behind the rise of social media and its detrimental effects on individuals' mental well-being.

Step 7: Body Paragraphs

In the body paragraphs, explore the causes or effects of the topic in detail. Start each paragraph with a topic sentence that introduces the cause or effect you will be discussing. 

Then, provide evidence and examples to support your claim. Use data, statistics, expert opinions, and real-life examples to strengthen your arguments. Make sure to explain the causal relationship between the factors you're discussing.

One of the primary causes behind the surge in social media usage is the widespread availability of smartphones and internet access. With the advent of affordable smartphones and widespread internet connectivity, people have constant access to social media platforms, leading to increased usage. Additionally, the addictive nature of social media interfaces, characterized by endless scrolling and notifications, further fuels this phenomenon. As individuals spend more time on social media, they become increasingly dependent on these platforms for social validation, entertainment, and information.

The excessive use of social media has been linked to various detrimental effects on mental health, including increased feelings of anxiety, depression, and loneliness. Constant exposure to carefully curated images and lifestyles on social media can create unrealistic expectations and foster feelings of inadequacy among users. Moreover, the prevalence of cyberbullying and online harassment on these platforms can exacerbate existing mental health issues and lead to social withdrawal. Studies have shown a correlation between heavy social media usage and poor sleep quality, as individuals often sacrifice sleep to engage with online content, further compromising their mental well-being.

Step 8: Transition Between Paragraphs

Use transition words and sentences to smoothly transition between paragraphs and maintain coherence throughout your essay. 

These transitions help guide the reader through your arguments and ensure a logical flow of ideas.

Step 9: Write the Conclusion

Summarize the main points of your essay in the conclusion and restate your thesis statement. Reflect on the significance of your findings and emphasize the importance of understanding the causes and effects of the topic. 

Avoid introducing new information in the conclusion; instead, offer insights or suggestions for further research or action.

In conclusion, the rise of social media has had profound implications for individuals' mental health, driven by factors such as increased smartphone usage and the addictive nature of social media platforms. While social media offers unparalleled opportunities for communication and connection, its negative effects on mental well-being cannot be ignored. It is essential for individuals to strike a balance between online and offline interactions and practice mindfulness while using social media to mitigate its adverse effects on mental health. Additionally, further research and awareness efforts are needed to address the underlying causes and consequences of excessive social media usage in society.

Step 10: Revise and Edit

Review your essay for clarity, coherence, and grammatical accuracy. Make sure each paragraph contributes to the overall argument and that your ideas are well-supported by evidence.

Once you've made revisions and edits, finalize your essay by formatting it according to the guidelines provided by your instructor or publication. 

Double-check citations and references to ensure they are accurate and properly formatted according to the required citation style (e.g., APA, MLA).

Cause and Effect Essay Examples

When writing a cause and effect essay for the first time, it is recommended to go through a few examples. It will help you understand the structure and how to use a method effectively.

The following are some of the great cause and effect examples free to use.

Cause and Effect Essay

Cause and Effect Essay Sample

Climate Change Cause and Effect Essay

Poverty Cause and Effect Essay

Air Pollution Cause and Effect Essay

Cause and Effect Essay Topics

Here are some cause and effect essay topics:

  • The Impact of Climate Change on Extreme Weather Events
  • The Rise of Mental Health Disorders Among Adolescents
  • The Effects of Social Media on Political Polarization
  • The Consequences of Deforestation on Biodiversity Loss
  • The Relationship Between Income Inequality and Social Mobility
  • The Impact of Technology on Human Relationships
  • The Causes and Effects of the Global Obesity Epidemic
  • The Effects of Air Pollution on Public Health
  • The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Employment
  • The Causes and Consequences of Refugee Crises

These topics reflect current societal concerns and offer opportunities for in-depth analysis of cause-and-effect relationships. If you need more such ideas check out our cause and effect essay topics  blog!

Tips for Writing a Cause and Effect Essay

Here are additional tips for writing a cause and effect essay:

  • Establish Clear Connections: Clearly establish the causal relationships between different factors to help readers understand the cause-and-effect dynamics of the topic.
  • Avoid Oversimplification: Recognize that most events have multiple causes and effects, so avoid oversimplifying complex phenomena by considering various factors and their interactions.
  • Consider Chronology: When discussing historical events, consider the chronological sequence of causes and effects to provide a clear narrative structure.
  • Focus on Significance: Highlight the significance of your findings by discussing the broader implications of the causes and effects you've identified.
  • Reflect and Synthesize: In the conclusion, reflect on the insights gained from analyzing the causes and effects and synthesize your findings to provide a cohesive understanding of the topic.

To conclude, writing a cause and effect essay can be a rewarding experience that allows you to look into complex issues. By following the guidelines outlined in this guide and applying your critical thinking skills, you can create compelling essays that inform and engage your audience. 

But if you are in a time crunch do not hesitate to take professional help. CollegeEssay.org provides a top cause and effect essay writing service for those students who are having a hard time meeting deadlines. We'll help you with your cause and effects essays for the best grades. 

Reach out to avail amazing discounts and get our custom essay writing help in no time. As a plus, you can use our AI writing tool if you need a quick fix to beat the deadline stress!

Cathy A. (Literature, Marketing)

For more than five years now, Cathy has been one of our most hardworking authors on the platform. With a Masters degree in mass communication, she knows the ins and outs of professional writing. Clients often leave her glowing reviews for being an amazing writer who takes her work very seriously.

Paper Due? Why Suffer? That’s our Job!

Get Help

Keep reading

cause and effect essay writing

Legal & Policies

  • Privacy Policy
  • Cookies Policy
  • Terms of Use
  • Refunds & Cancellations
  • Our Writers
  • Success Stories
  • Our Guarantees
  • Affiliate Program
  • Referral Program
  • AI Essay Writer

Disclaimer: All client orders are completed by our team of highly qualified human writers. The essays and papers provided by us are not to be used for submission but rather as learning models only.

example of cause and effect research paper

Free Cause and Effect Essay Examples

The title of this essay genre dispels all your concerns about the needed contents. You should build the link between two events or phenomena based on their cause-and-effect relationships. Mind that if one comes after another does not necessarily mean there is causality between them. Be sure to mention if the event or idea you describe is only a tiny part of the general structure.

The samples below comprise subjects ranging from history and economy to ecology and personal health.

Explore our cause-and-effect essay examples for free to boost your inspiration and get a general idea of how the writing should be done.

146 Best Cause and Effect Essay Examples

Political landscape in the us.

  • Subjects: Government Politics & Government
  • Words: 1989

Enlightenment and Revolution

  • Subjects: History Western Europe
  • Words: 3089

Clean Air Act Formation and Impact

  • Subjects: Environmental Law Law

The Causes of Obesity and Its Effects on Fertility

  • Subjects: Health & Medicine Healthy Nutrition

Identifying and Assessing the Economic Costs and Benefits of WTO Negotiations Failure

  • Subjects: Economics Trade
  • Words: 4789

The Implications of Global Loss of Mangrove Ecosystems?

  • Subjects: Ecosystem Environment
  • Words: 5155

The Position of Wage Labor in the United States

  • Subjects: Labor Law Law
  • Words: 2034

Battle of Omdurman Consequences

  • Subjects: Asia History

Role of International Financial Institutions in 2008 Financial Crisis

  • Subjects: Economics Financial Growth
  • Words: 4455

The Caste War of Yucatan

  • Subjects: History Native Americans History

US’s Financial Crises in 2008

  • Subjects: Economic Systems & Principles Economics
  • Words: 5016

Universal Healthcare in The United States

  • Subjects: Health & Medicine Healthcare Institution
  • Words: 1934

Causes of Depression in the 1890s

  • Subjects: History United States
  • Words: 2809

Chinese Manhua History Development

  • Subjects: Cultural Studies Culture
  • Words: 5401

The Role of the Railroads in the Settlement of the Great West

  • Subjects: Railway Transport Transportation

The Homestead Strike

  • Words: 2004

Russian Revolution: What Went Down?

  • Subjects: Eastern Europe History

Financial Effects of Globalization

  • Subjects: Economics Globalization

Procedural Programming Languages

  • Subjects: Programming Tech & Engineering

Business & Empire – The British Ideal of an Orderly World

  • Subjects: History Medieval History
  • Words: 2271

New Deal Programs: Key Elements and Effects

  • Words: 1113

Fire and Community Evacuation in Apex, NC

  • Subjects: Business Impact of Business Issues

Causes and Effects of Divorce

  • Subjects: Family, Life & Experiences Relationships
  • Words: 1169

Mineral Resource Rent Tax Policy

  • Subjects: Economics Taxation
  • Words: 4483

Scarcity of Water in Saudi Arabia, Africa and Australia

  • Subjects: Ecology Environment
  • Words: 1713

The Financial and European Economic Crisis 2008 – 2012

  • Words: 1119

Asian Drivers of Global Change

  • Subjects: Economics International Trade Policy
  • Words: 2654

Problem of Sleep Deprivation

  • Subjects: Health & Medicine Neurology
  • Words: 1408

The Charleston Sofa Super Store Fire

  • Subjects: Accidents & Protection Tech & Engineering

The Impacts of FDIs and Trade to the Asian Pacific Regions

  • Subjects: Economic Problems Economics
  • Words: 2317

The Effect of Famine in North Korea

  • Words: 1679

The Impact of the Pilkington Report on the British Television in the 1960s

  • Subjects: Entertainment & Media TV
  • Words: 2755

How and in what ways, did the use of print change the lives of early modern Europeans?

  • Words: 1933

Technological Development in Trade and Its Impacts on Poverty

  • Words: 1981

The Environment, Resources, and Their Economic Effects

  • Subjects: Environment Environmental Studies
  • Words: 2180

The Rules of Engagement and the Laws of Armed Conflict

  • Subjects: International Relations Politics & Government
  • Words: 1918

Spain’s Financial Crisis

Effects of alcohol abuse on women.

  • Subjects: Health & Medicine Pharmacology

Children’s Personal and Social Development

  • Subjects: Development Psychology
  • Words: 1720

World War 2 Consequences

  • Subjects: Warfare World War II
  • Words: 1085

Global Financial Crisis Causes and Impacts

  • Words: 1646

Impact of Plastics on the Environment

The causes and consequences of world war two, theoretical perspective on the giraffe’s adaptation.

  • Subjects: Sciences Zoology

Effects of Internet Use in Society

  • Subjects: Internet Tech & Engineering

Russian Popular Culture: History, Development, and Effect of Technologies

  • Subjects: Culture Worldwide Cultures
  • Words: 2210

The Effects of Background Television on the Toy Play Behavior of Very Young Children

  • Words: 1356

Cruise Competition in Tourism Industry

  • Subjects: Tourism Trips and Tours

Reform-Women’s Rights and Slavery

Water shortage’ major causes and implication.

  • Words: 1368

Divorce and its Impacts on Family Members

  • Words: 1657

British Policy and the Indian Mutiny

  • Subjects: History World History
  • Words: 1135

Impact of Regional Azerbaijan-Armenia War on Neighbouring Countries and Foreign Policies

  • Words: 2329

The Rise and fall of Napoleon and The Cause of Revolution

  • Words: 1348

Consequences of the New Age of the Image on Writing and Reading

  • Subjects: Literature Modernist Literature

Sale of Forests in United Kingdom

  • Subjects: Ecological Identity Environment
  • Words: 1065

How Non-Sales Factors Affect Sales in an Organisation

  • Subjects: Business Marketing

Why Europe Went to War

  • Subjects: Warfare World War I
  • Words: 1941

Risks and Benefits of Greater EU Integration for International Business

  • Words: 1372

Effect of a Permanent Increase in Oil Price on Inflation and Output

  • Subjects: Economics Inflation

Competition in an Oligopolistic Market

Wwi-war: revolution, and reconstruction, the influence on health of economic inequality.

  • Subjects: Health & Medicine Public Health
  • Words: 1952

Current and Future Population Problems in Pakistan

  • Subjects: Overpopulation Sociology
  • Words: 2430

The Impact of Racial Thought on the Aboriginal People in Relation to Australian History

  • Words: 1361

Global Financial Crisis Impact on Australian and World Economies

  • Words: 1429

Global Warming Effects: Greenhouse Gas and the Earth’s Atmosphere

  • Subjects: Environment Global Warming

Life Expectancy in the Developing World

Chinas history and relations, the asian pacific americans.

  • Subjects: Immigration Sociology
  • Words: 1742

Air law- does criminalisation of the operator prevent an accident from happening again?

  • Subjects: Law Transportation Law
  • Words: 2163

Cause and Effect of Child Abuse

  • Subjects: Child Psychology Psychology

Effects of Globalization on Native Non-Western Cultural Practices

  • Subjects: Cultural Issues Culture
  • Words: 1689

Saudi Oil and Global Economic

  • Subjects: Business Industry
  • Words: 1070

Indigenous animals in the Gulf

  • Words: 1130

The Global Economic Recession of the United States

  • Words: 1360

Expensive Healthcare in the USA: What are the causes?

Role of marriage/family & singlehood.

  • Subjects: Sociological Issues Sociology

The long run effect of the Eurozone crisis in Germany and Greece

  • Subjects: Economics Macroeconomics
  • Words: 2263

Urban Sprawl and Environmental and Social Problems

  • Subjects: Air Pollution Environment

Causes and Effects of Studying In Australia

  • Subjects: Education Education Abroad

How Harley Davidson Affected American Motorcycle Riding Today

  • Subjects: Business Company Analysis
  • Words: 1144

Tailor-made work programs: Their Impact on Young People in a Modern Society

  • Subjects: Education Education Issues
  • Words: 1926

Consequences of Illegal Immigrants on America’s Economy

  • Words: 1079

Causes and Effects of Iran’s Continued Quest for a Nuclear Weapons Program

How the aftermath of the war of independence affected the lives of african slaves in the north and south.

  • Subjects: African American Studies History

Cause of the Financial Crisis

  • Words: 1675

Migration Flows Cause and Effect in US

Factor that cause immigration, technology impact on society and environment.

  • Subjects: Tech & Engineering Technology Effect

Violence in Movies and Its Effects

  • Subjects: Entertainment & Media Movies

The Causes and Effect of the Computer Revolution

  • Words: 1094

Cause and effect analysis of tourism

  • Words: 1021

Cause and effect analysis of camping

  • Words: 1080

The Effects of Noise Pollution

Violent movies and children, cuban americans throughout the u.s. history.

  • Words: 3184

Infrastructure in Lebanon

  • Subjects: Economics Influences on Political Economy
  • Words: 1376

Use of Marijuana and Its Consequences

  • Subjects: Drug and Alcohol Addiction Sociology

Cause and Effect of Getting Married

Causes of civil war.

  • Words: 1658

Alcoholism and the Impact Colonization Has Had on Aboriginals

  • Words: 2734

Arguing on Planet Earth – Environmental issues: Outline

  • Words: 1345

Social Networks and Self-Esteem

Teenage pregnancy causes and effects.

  • Subjects: Socialization Sociology

Climate Change Definition and Description

  • Subjects: Climate Change Environment
  • Words: 1627

Procrastination Issues: Cause and Effect

  • Subjects: Philosophical Concept Philosophy

Cause and Effect of Oil Prices on the U.S. and World Economy

The side effects of drinking alcohol.

  • Subjects: Health & Medicine Healthcare Research
  • Words: 1096

Cause and effects of the mortgage crisis

Modern europe formation: east european studies, cheating on college exams is demoralizing, the impact of media on society.

  • Subjects: Entertainment & Media Media and Society

Constitution and Government System

  • Words: 1212

How Did Religion Affect the Pattern of Colonization in America and Life in Those Colonies?

Social & historical transformations caused by the ‘book’ as the first mass medium.

  • Subjects: Advertising Entertainment & Media

Historical US Relationships With Native American

  • Subjects: Culture Ethnicity Studies
  • Words: 1387

Climate Change: Causes and Effects

What are the causes of the increased lack of internet privacy, the rise of democracy.

  • Words: 1105

example of cause and effect research paper

How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay: Full Guide

example of cause and effect research paper

Ever wondered how things are connected in our world? Think of the butterfly effect—where a butterfly's wings in Brazil can set off a tornado in Texas. It's a quirky idea, but it shows how events are intertwined. Writing a cause and effect essay is like unraveling these connections, connecting the dots to reveal how things influence each other and shape our experiences.

In this guide, experts from our paper writing service will explore the concept of causality and share practical tips for creating great cause and effect essays. These essays won't just provide information—they'll leave a lasting impression on your readers.

What Is a Cause and Effect Essay

A cause and effect essay is a form of writing that aims to explore and explain the relationships between different events, actions, or circumstances. The central idea is to investigate why certain things happen (causes) and what results from those occurrences (effects). It's like peeling back the layers to reveal the interconnectedness of events, understanding the domino effect in the narrative of life.

What is a Cause and Effect Essay

Here's a breakdown of the key components:

  • Causes: These are the factors or events that initiate a particular situation. They are the reasons behind why something occurs. For instance, if you're exploring the cause of obesity, factors like unhealthy eating habits and lack of physical activity could be identified as causes.
  • Effects: The effects are the outcomes or consequences that result from the identified causes. Following the obesity example, effects could include health issues, reduced quality of life, or increased healthcare costs.
  • Connection: The heart of a cause and effect essay lies in demonstrating the link between causes and effects. It's not just about listing events but explaining how one event leads to another in a logical and coherent manner.

When crafting such an essay, you're essentially acting as a storyteller and investigator rolled into one. Your goal is to guide the reader through the web of interconnected events, providing insights into the 'why' and 'what happens next.'

How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay with Easy Steps

Understanding how to write a cause and effect essay is like putting together a puzzle. Here are ten simple steps to help you write an engaging essay that looks into how things are connected.

How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay with Easy Steps

1. Select a Specific Topic

  • Choose a cause and effect relationship that sparks your interest.
  • Ensure your topic is focused and manageable for a thorough exploration.

2. Explore Causal Links

  • Conduct thorough research to uncover hidden connections and supporting evidence.
  • Look beyond the obvious to identify intricate relationships between causes and effects.

3. Craft a Clear Thesis Statement

  • Develop a precise thesis that clearly articulates the main cause and the resulting effects.
  • Your thesis serves as the roadmap for your essay, guiding readers through your analysis.

4. Organize Chronologically or by Significance

  • Structure your essay in a logical order, either chronologically or by the significance of events.
  • This organization enhances clarity and helps readers follow the cause-and-effect progression.

5. Utilize Transitional Phrases

  • Employ transition words and phrases to ensure seamless flow between causes and effects.
  • Clear transitions enhance readability and strengthen the coherence of your essay.

6. Support Arguments with Credible Evidence

  • Back up your claims with relevant data, examples, and statistics.
  • Strong evidence adds credibility to your analysis and reinforces the cause-and-effect relationships you present.

7. Illustrate Chain Reactions

  • Show how a single cause can trigger a chain of effects, and vice versa.
  • Illustrate the ripple effects to emphasize the complexity of the relationships.

8. Analyze Root Causes

  • Move beyond surface-level explanations and explore the underlying factors contributing to the cause-and-effect scenario.
  • Deep analysis adds depth and nuance to your essay.

9. Consider Alternative Causes

  • Address potential counterarguments to showcase a comprehensive understanding.
  • Acknowledging alternative causes strengthens your essay's overall credibility.

10. Conclude with Impact

  • Summarize key points and emphasize the broader significance of your analysis.
  • Leave your readers with a thought-provoking conclusion that ties together the cause-and-effect relationships explored in your essay.

Cause and Effect Essay Structure Types

When setting up your essay, you can choose from different structures to make it organized. Let's look at two common types of cause and effect essay structures:

Cause and Effect Essay Structure Types

  • Block Structure:

The block structure is a clear and organized way to present causes and effects in your essay. Here, you dedicate one section to discussing all the causes, covering multiple causes within each category. After that, you have another section to explore all the effects. This separation makes your ideas easy to understand.

Using the block structure allows you to dive deep into each category, thoroughly looking at causes and effects separately. It's handy when you want to give a detailed analysis and show the importance of each part of the causal relationship. This way, readers can fully grasp each element before moving on.

  • Chain Structure:

On the other hand, the chain structure focuses on how events are connected and create ripple effects. It highlights how one cause leads to a specific effect, and that effect becomes the cause of more effects in an ongoing chain. This method is potent for illustrating the complexity of causal relationships.

The chain structure works well when you want to emphasize the sequence of events or deal with intricate cause-and-effect scenarios. It allows you to show how actions trigger a series of reactions, displaying the domino effect that leads to a specific outcome.

Regardless of the structural style you choose, if you require assistance with your academic paper, reach out to us with your ' write my paper for me ' request. Our experienced team is ready to tailor your paper to your specific requirements and ensure its excellence.

Cause and Effect Essay Outline

Creating an effective cause and effect essay begins with a well-structured outline. This roadmap helps you organize your thoughts, maintain a logical flow, and ensure that your essay effectively conveys the causal relationships between events. Below, we'll outline the key components of the essay along with examples:

I. Introduction

  • Hook: Start with an engaging statement or fact. Example: 'Did you know that stress can significantly impact your overall health?'
  • Background Information: Provide context for your topic. Example: 'In today's fast-paced world, stress has become an increasingly prevalent issue.'
  • Thesis Statement: Clearly state the main cause and its corresponding effects. Example: 'This essay will explore the causes of stress and their profound negative effects on physical and mental health.'

II. Body Paragraphs

  • Topic Sentence: Introduce the first cause you'll discuss. Example: 'One major cause of stress is heavy workload.'
  • Supporting Details: Provide evidence and examples to support the cause. Example: 'For instance, individuals juggling multiple job responsibilities and tight deadlines often experience heightened stress levels.'
  • Transition: Link to the next cause or move on to the effects.
  • Topic Sentence: Introduce the first effect. Example: 'The effects of chronic stress on physical health can be devastating.'
  • Supporting Details: Present data or examples illustrating the impact. Example: 'Studies have shown that prolonged stress can lead to cardiovascular problems, including hypertension and heart disease.'
  • Transition: Connect to the next effect or cause.

C. Causes (Continued)

  • Topic Sentence: Introduce the next cause in a new cause and effect paragraph. Example: 'Another significant cause of stress is financial strain.'
  • Supporting Details: Explain how this cause manifests and its implications. Example: 'Financial instability often results in anxiety, as individuals worry about bills, debts, and their financial future.'
  • Transition: Prepare to discuss the corresponding effects.

D. Effects (Continued)

  • Topic Sentence: Discuss the effects related to financial strain. Example: 'The psychological effects of financial stress can be profound.'
  • Supporting Details: Offer real-life examples or psychological insights. Example: 'Depression and anxiety are common consequences of constant financial worries, affecting both mental well-being and daily life.'

III. Conclusion

  • Restate Thesis: Summarize the main cause and effects. Example: 'In summary, the heavy workload and financial strain can lead to stress, impacting both physical and mental health.'
  • Closing Thoughts: Reflect on the broader significance of your analysis. Example: 'Understanding these causal relationships emphasizes the importance of stress management and financial planning in maintaining a balanced and healthy life.'

Cause and Effect Essay Examples

To help you grasp cause and effect essay writing with clarity, we have prepared two distinct essay examples that will guide you through the intricacies of both block and chain structures. Additionally, should you ever find yourself requiring assistance with academic writing or descriptive essays examples , simply send us your ' write my research paper ' request. Our expert writers are here to provide the support you need!

Why Wait? Get Your Stellar Cause and Effect Essay Now!

Don't procrastinate – order yours today and let our wordsmiths create an essay that's more captivating than a Netflix series cliffhanger!

Cause and Effect Essay Topics

Choosing a good topic starts with recognizing cause and effect key words. Here are 10 interesting topics that let you dig into fascinating connections and their important consequences:

  • The Relationship Between Lack of Exercise and Mental Health in Older Adults
  • Effects of Sleep Deprivation on Workplace Productivity
  • The Impact of Cyberbullying on Adolescents' Emotional Well-being
  • Influence of Social Media Advertising on Consumer Purchasing Decisions
  • Consequences of Oil Spills on Coastal Ecosystems
  • How Noise Pollution Affects Concentration and Academic Performance in Schools
  • The Connection Between Fast-Food Marketing and Childhood Obesity
  • Effects of Urbanization on Water Quality in Local Rivers
  • The Relationship Between Indoor Plants and Air Quality in Homes
  • Impact of Plastic Pollution on Wildlife in Urban Environments
  • The Effect of Meditation on Stress Reduction in College Students
  • How Increased Screen Time Affects Teenagers' Attention Span
  • The Impact of Single-Use Plastics on Marine Microorganisms
  • The Relationship Between Smartphone Use and Sleep Quality in Adults
  • Effects of High-Fructose Corn Syrup on Metabolic Health
  • The Consequences of Deforestation on Local Biodiversity
  • Influence of Social Media Comparison on Body Dissatisfaction in Adolescents
  • The Connection Between Air Pollution and Respiratory Health in Urban Areas
  • Effects of Excessive Gaming on Academic Performance in High School Students
  • The Impact of Fast Food Consumption on Childhood Obesity Rates

Final Words

Knowing what a cause and effect essay is and how to write it helps you uncover connections in different topics. With this guide, you can share your ideas in a clear and impactful way.

Meanwhile, if you're in need of a reaction paper example , rest assured we have you covered as well. So, seize this opportunity, put your thoughts on paper logically, and witness your essays leaving a lasting and influential mark.

Let's Turn Those 'What Ifs' into 'A+ Ifs'!

Don't procrastinate when you can cause an effect on your grades right now!

Daniel Parker

Daniel Parker

is a seasoned educational writer focusing on scholarship guidance, research papers, and various forms of academic essays including reflective and narrative essays. His expertise also extends to detailed case studies. A scholar with a background in English Literature and Education, Daniel’s work on EssayPro blog aims to support students in achieving academic excellence and securing scholarships. His hobbies include reading classic literature and participating in academic forums.

example of cause and effect research paper

is an expert in nursing and healthcare, with a strong background in history, law, and literature. Holding advanced degrees in nursing and public health, his analytical approach and comprehensive knowledge help students navigate complex topics. On EssayPro blog, Adam provides insightful articles on everything from historical analysis to the intricacies of healthcare policies. In his downtime, he enjoys historical documentaries and volunteering at local clinics.

informative essay

  • Page Content
  • Sidebar Content
  • Main Navigation
  • Quick links

Back to Section Home

  • All TIP Sheets
  • Writing a Summary
  • Writing Paragraphs
  • Writing an Analogy
  • Writing a Descriptive Essay
  • Writing a Persuasive Essay
  • Writing a Compare/Contrast Paper

Writing Cause and Effect Papers

  • Writing a Process Paper
  • Writing a Classification Paper
  • Definitions of Writing Terms
  • How to Write Clearly
  • Active and Passive Voice
  • Developing a Thesis and Supporting Arguments
  • Writing Introductions & Conclusions
  • How to Structure an Essay: Avoiding Six Weaknesses in Papers
  • Writing Book Reports
  • Writing about Literature
  • Writing about Non-Fiction Books
  • Poetry: Meter and Related Topics
  • Revising and Editing
  • Proofreading

TIP Sheet WRITING CAUSE AND EFFECT PAPERS

Cause and effect papers use analysis to examine the reasons for and the outcomes of situations. They are an attempt to discover either the origins of something, such as an event or a decision, the effects or results that can be properly attributed to it, or both.

Cause and effect papers answer questions like the following ("A" is your topic):

Why did A happen? (discovering the causes of A) What happened as a result of A? (discovering the effects of A) What might happen as a result of A? ( predicting further effects of A)

You may write a cause and effect paper primarily about causes, primarily about effects, or a combination of both.

Discovering causes Before you begin writing or even researching, make a list of all the causes of this event you already know about. Ask questions like these: Why did this happen? What preconditions existed? Were the results foreseen? Could they have been foreseen? Then do some preliminary research, using what you already know to guide the direction of your reading. Change or add to your original list of causes to reflect new information gathered from your research. Done in depth, this kind of analysis is likely to uncover an almost unlimited chain of linked causes, far more than you can effectively address in one paper. Identify one to three of them as more important (or interesting, or overlooked) than the others. Then, acknowledging that multiple causes exist, limit your discussion to those most important (or interesting, or overlooked).

As you brainstorm possible causes, do not fall into the trap of thinking that, simply because one event followed another, that there was necessarily a causal relationship. (The mere fact that four youths were seen running away from the scene of an assault does not itself logically implicate them in the assault; they could have been running for help, chasing down the alleged criminal, or simply jogging by.)

Also, do not confuse a necessary precondition for a cause: A large number of costumed students milling about in downtown Chico on Halloween night may be a necessary precondition for a riot, but it is not, in itself, the cause of a riot.

As you write, use the transitions, or signal words, that tell readers you are demonstrating causal relationships between your ideas:

Led to Because Cause(s) Reasons(s) Explanation(s) So

The following example names the cause first, followed by the effect:

Because the technology program received independent funding from grants and federal Title I funds, it was relatively untouched by the school district's own budget cuts.

Discovering effects If you choose to write about effects, first brainstorm: Make a list of all the effects you know about, and use this list to direct your research to learn more. Have the effects had great impact on history, culture, or your own life? Or have they had a small impact with few results? Again, be sure you can demonstrate the causal relationship.

Just as there are usually several causes for anything, there are a multitude of effects that proceed from any one cause. Don't try to address a long chain of effects in one paper. Acknowledge that many effects of various kinds exist, and then limit your discussion to the most important ones.

Transition words that suggest to the reader that you are discussing effects include the following:

Therefore As a result Consequently Thus Then Thanks to

The following statement names a cause first, and then an effect:

Employees at companies that offer flexible work schedules are more productive and file fewer claims for mental-health benefits; consequently, the number of companies offering flextime is on the rise.

(As a matter of argument, you could claim that the example above shows two linked effects of the flextime policy: First, it caused employees to be more productive; and second, their enhanced productivity, in turn, caused more companies to adopt flextime. Linked causes and effects are typical of this type of paper.)

Predicting results Cause and effect papers often make predictions based on known facts, trends, and developments. Prediction moves from the known and observable into the unknown and possible. Prediction tries to answer questions like these: What are the possible or likely consequences? Are these results likely to have great impact on my life or the lives of others? Are these results likely to have great impact on shaping public policy, society, or history? What preconditions would have to exist before my predictions could come about?

If you choose to make predictions, as is common, for example, in political science, education, science, and philosophy, be sure to use credible evidence and strong reasoning. If you do not handle predictions with finesse and ground them in established fact, they are apt to appear fantastic and unbelievable.

Avoid overstating your case; use language couched in an appropriate degree of uncertainty ( might, may well be, is likely to, can expect, is entirely possible ). Signal words and verb forms such as these suggest to the reader that you are making the move from observation to prediction:

If When After As soon as Likely that Might/May Can expect Possible that

Here is a prediction using two of the above transitions:

If the governor fails to clearly declare his position and take a leadership role in reforming the state's workers' compensation system, voters are likely to take matters into their own hands and call for a statewide referendum.

A cause and effect paper relies heavily on your analysis of the situation. Although there are many ways to interpret any situation and the effects that it has produced, in the end the convincing power of your paper depends on specific evidence, clear and convincing language, and logical development.

Home | Calendars | Library | Bookstore | Directory | Apply Now | Search for Classes | Register | Online Classes  | MyBC Portal MyBC -->

Butte College | 3536 Butte Campus Drive, Oroville CA 95965 | General Information (530) 895-2511

Cause and Effect in Composition

Glossary of Grammatical and Rhetorical Terms

  • An Introduction to Punctuation
  • Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia
  • M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester
  • B.A., English, State University of New York

In composition , cause and effect is a method of paragraph or essay development in which a writer analyzes the reasons for—and/or the consequences of—an action, event, or decision.

A cause-and-effect paragraph or essay can be organized in various ways. For instance, causes and/or effects can be arranged in either chronological order or reverse chronological order. Alternatively, points can be presented in terms of emphasis , from least important to most important, or vice versa.

Examples and Observations

  • "If you prove the cause , you at once prove the effect ; and conversely nothing can exist without its cause." (Aristotle, Rhetoric )
  • Immediate Causes and Ultimate Causes "Determining causes and effects is usually thought-provoking and quite complex. One reason for this is that there are two types of causes: immediate causes , which are readily apparent because they are closest to the effect, and ultimate causes , which, being somewhat removed, are not so apparent and may perhaps even be hidden. Furthermore, ultimate causes may bring about effects which themselves become immediate causes, thus creating a causal chain . For example, consider the following causal chain: Sally, a computer salesperson, prepared extensively for a meeting with a client (ultimate cause), impressed the client (immediate cause), and made a very large sale (effect). The chain did not stop there: the large sale caused her to be promoted by her employer (effect)." (Alfred Rosa and Paul Eschholz, Models for Writers , 6th ed. St. Martin's Press, 1998)
  • Composing a Cause/Effect Essay "For all its conceptual complexity, a cause/effect essay can be organized quite simply. The introduction generally presents the subject(s) and states the purpose of the analysis in a clear thesis . The body of the paper then explores all relevant causes and/or effects, typically progressing from least to most influential or from most to least influential. Finally, the concluding section summarizes the various cause/effect relationships established in the body of the paper and clearly states the conclusions that can be drawn from those relationships." (Kim Flachmann, Michael Flachmann, Kathryn Benander, and Cheryl Smith, The Brief Prose Reader . Prentice Hall, 2003)
  • Causes of Child Obesity "Many of today's kids are engaged in sedentary pursuits made possible by a level of technology unthinkable as recently as 25 to 30 years ago. Computer, video, and other virtual games, the ready availability of feature films and games on DVD, plus high-tech advancements in music-listening technology have come down into the range of affordability for parents and even for the kids themselves. These passive pursuits have produced a downside of reduced physical activity for the kids, often with the explicit or implicit consent of the parents. . . . "Other fairly recent developments have also contributed to the alarming rise in child obesity rates. Fast food outlets offering consumables that are both low in price and low in nutritional content have exploded all over the American landscape since the 1960s, especially in suburban areas close to major highway interchanges. Kids on their lunch breaks or after school often congregate in these fast food outlets, consuming food and soft drinks that are high in sugar, carbohydrates, and fat. Many parents, themselves, frequently take their children to these fast food places, thus setting an example the kids can find justification to emulate." (MacKie Shilstone, Mackie Shilstone's Body Plan for Kids . Basic Health Publications, 2009)
  • Cause and Effect in Jonathan Swift's "A Modest Proposal" "'A Modest Proposal' is a brilliant example of the use of non-argumentative devices of rhetorical persuasion . The whole essay, of course, rests broadly upon the argument of cause and effect : these causes have produced this situation in Ireland, and this proposal will result in these effects in Ireland. But Swift, within the general framework of this argument, does not employ specific argumentative forms in this essay. The projector chooses rather to assert his reasons and then to amass them by way of proof ." (Charles A. Beaumont, Swift's Classical Rhetoric . Univ. of Georgia Press, 1961)
  • Effects of Automobiles "I worry about the private automobile. It is a dirty, noisy, wasteful, and lonely means of travel. It pollutes the air, ruins the safety and sociability of the street, and exercises upon the individual a discipline which takes away far more freedom than it gives him. It causes an enormous amount of land to be unnecessarily abstracted from nature and from plant life and to become devoid of any natural function. It explodes cities, grievously impairs the whole institution of neighborliness, fragmentizes and destroys communities. It has already spelled the end of our cities as real cultural and social communities, and has made impossible the construction of any others in their place. Together with the airplane, it has crowded out other, more civilized and more convenient means of transport, leaving older people, infirm people, poor people and children in a worse situation than they were a hundred years ago." (George F. Kennan, Democracy and the Student Left , 1968)
  • Examples and Effects of Entropy "Because of its unnerving irreversibility, entropy has been called the arrow of time. We all understand this instinctively. Children's rooms, left on their own, tend to get messy, not neat. Wood rots, metal rusts, people wrinkle and flowers wither. Even mountains wear down; even the nuclei of atoms decay. In the city we see entropy in the rundown subways and worn-out sidewalks and torn-down buildings, in the increasing disorder of our lives. We know, without asking, what is old. If we were suddenly to see the paint jump back on an old building, we would know that something was wrong. If we saw an egg unscramble itself and jump back into its shell, we would laugh in the same way we laugh as a movie run backward." (K.C. Cole, "The Arrow of Time." The New York Times , March 18, 1982)
  • Examples of Great Introductory Paragraphs
  • 61 General Expository Essay Topic to Practice Academic Writing
  • Definition and Examples of Climactic Order in Composition and Speech
  • How to Use Exemplification in Writing
  • Evaluate This Student Essay: Why I Hate Mathematics
  • Writing Cause and Effect Essays for English Learners
  • literary present (verbs)
  • Higher Level Thinking: Synthesis in Bloom's Taxonomy
  • Organizational Strategies for Using Chronological Order in Writing
  • 49 Opinion Writing Prompts for Students
  • Sample College Admission Essay—The Allegany County Youth Board
  • Definition and Examples of Evaluation Essays
  • Sentence Connectors and Sentences
  • Monsoons and Their Effect on the Environment
  • Definition of Belles-Lettres in English Grammer

Search

  • I nfographics
  • Show AWL words
  • Subscribe to newsletter
  • What is academic writing?
  • Academic Style
  • What is the writing process?
  • Understanding the title
  • Brainstorming
  • Researching
  • First draft
  • Proofreading
  • Report writing
  • Compare & contrast
  • Cause & effect
  • Problem-solution
  • Classification
  • Essay structure
  • Introduction
  • Literature review
  • Book review
  • Research proposal
  • Thesis/dissertation
  • What is cohesion?
  • Cohesion vs coherence
  • Transition signals
  • What are references?
  • In-text citations
  • Reference sections
  • Reporting verbs
  • Band descriptors

Show AWL words on this page.

Levels 1-5:     grey  Levels 6-10:   orange 

Show sorted lists of these words.

 
-->

Any words you don't know? Look them up in the website's built-in dictionary .

Choose a dictionary .  Wordnet  OPTED  both

Cause & effect essays Aka reason and result

The Cause and effect essay is another common essay type, either as an essay type on its own, or as part of a larger essay which includes one or more paragraphs examining causes and effects. This page gives information on what a cause and effect essay is , how to structure this type of essay, and how to use cause and effect structure words (transition signals) for this type of essay. There is also an example cause and effect essay on the topic of women at work, as well as some exercises to help you practice this area.

What are cause & effect essays?

cause

For another look at the same content, check out YouTube » or Youku » , or this infographic » .

example of cause and effect research paper

A cause and effect essay looks at the reasons (or causes) for something, then discusses the results (or effects). For this reason, cause and effect essays are sometimes referred to as reason and result essays. They are one of the most common forms of organisation in academic writing. Sometimes the whole essay will be cause and effect, though sometimes this may be only part of the whole essay. It is also possible, especially for short exam essays, that only the causes or the effects, not both, are discussed. See the examples below.

  • Discuss the causes and effects of global warming ['cause and effect' essay]
  • Explain the high death rate in Chernobyl ['causes' only essay]
  • Discuss the WTO and its effects on the Chinese economy ['effects' only essay]

There are two main ways to structure a cause and effect essay. These are similar to the ways to structure problem-solution essays , namely using a block or a chain structure. For the block structure, all of the causes are listed first, and all of the effects are listed afterwards. For the chain structure, each cause is followed immediately by the effect. Usually that effect will then be the cause of the next effect, which is why this structure is called 'chain'. Both types of structure have their merits. The former is generally clearer, especially for shorter essays, while the latter ensures that any effects you present relate directly to the causes you have given.

The two types of structure, block and chain , are shown in the diagram below.





Cause and Effect Structure Words

Cause and effect structure words are transition signals which show the cause and effect relationships. It is important to be clear which is the cause (or reason) and which is the effect (or result), and to use the correct transition word or phrase. Remember that a cause happens first , and the effect happens later .

Below are some common cause and effect structure words. X is used to indicate a cause, while Y is used to indicate the effect.

  • The first cause of (Y) is (X)
  • The next reason is (X)
  • Because of (X), (Y)
  • As a result of (X), (Y)
  • As a consequence of (X), (Y)
  • because/since/as (X)
  • to result from (X)
  • (X) results in (Y)
  • to be the result of (X)
  • (Y) is due to (X)
  • Owing to (X), (Y)
  • (Y) is because of (X)
  • (Y) is the effect of (X)
  • (Y) is the consequence of (X)
  • Worsening pollution levels in cities are due to the increased use of cars.
  • Because of the increased use of cars, pollution levels in cities are worsening.
  • As a result of the increased use of cars, pollution levels in cities are worsening.
  • The effect of the increased use of cars is a worsening of pollution levels in cities.
  • The first effect of (X) is (Y)
  • Another result of (X) is (Y)
  • As a result, (Y)
  • As a consequence, (Y)
  • Consequently (Y)
  • Therefore, (Y)
  • (X) causes (Y)
  • (X) has an effect on (Y)
  • (X) affects (Y)
  • (X) is one of the causes of (Y)
  • (X) is the reason for (Y)
  • Cars are used increasingly for urban transport. As a consequence , pollution levels in cities are worsening.
  • Increased use of cars for urban transport adversely affects pollution levels in cities.
  • Increased use of cars for urban transport is one of the causes of worsening pollution levels in cities.

Example essay

Below is a cause and effect essay. This essay uses the block structure . Click on the different areas (in the shaded boxes to the right) to highlight the different structural aspects in this essay, i.e. Causes, Effects, and structure words. This will highlight not simply the paragraphs, but also the thesis statement and summary , as these repeat the causes and effects contained in the main body.

Title: More and more women are now going out to work and some women are now the major salary earner in the family. What are the causes of this, and what effect is this having on families and society?

 
  
   
 

In the past, most women stayed at home to take care of domestic chores such as cooking or cleaning. Women's liberation and feminism have meant that this situation has been transformed and in contemporary society women are playing an almost equal role to men in terms of work. This has had significant consequences , both in terms of the family , for example by improving quality of life and increasing children's sense of independence , and also for society itself with greater gender equality . The main reasons behind the increase of women in the workplace are women's liberation and feminism. The women's liberation movement originated in the 1960s and was popularised by authors such as Simone de Beauvoir. As a consequence of this, new legislation emerged, granting women equal rights to men in many fields, in particular employment. Because of feminist ideas, men have taken up roles which were previously seen as being for women only, most importantly those related to child rearing. As a result of this, women have more time to pursue their own careers and interests. These have led to some significant effects, both to family life and to society as a whole. Although the earning capacity of a woman in her lifetime is generally much less than that of a man, she can nevertheless make a significant contribution to the family income. The most important consequence of this is an improved quality of life. By helping to maintain a steady income for the family, the pressure on the husband is considerably reduced, hence improving both the husband's and the wife's emotional wellbeing. Additionally, the purchasing power of the family will also be raised. This means that the family can afford more luxuries such as foreign travel and a family car. A further effect on the family is the promotion of independence in the children. Some might argue that having both parents working might be damaging to the children because of a lack of parental attention. However, such children have to learn to look after themselves at an earlier age, and their parents often rely on them to help with the housework. This therefore teaches them important life skills. As regards society, the most significant impact of women going to work is greater gender equality. There are an increasing number of women who are becoming politicians, lawyers, and even CEOs and company managers. This in turn has led to greater equality for women in all areas of life, not just employment. For example, women today have much stronger legal rights to protect themselves against domestic violence and sexual discrimination in the workplace. In conclusion, the increasing number of women at work has brought about some important changes to family life, including improved quality of life and increased independence for children, as well as affecting society itself. It is clear that the sexes are still a long way from being equal in all areas of life, however, and perhaps the challenge for the present century is to ensure that this takes place.

 
 
 

Academic Writing Genres

GET FREE EBOOK

Like the website? Try the books. Enter your email to receive a free sample from Academic Writing Genres .

Below is a checklist for cause and effect essays. Use it to check your own writing, or get a peer (another student) to help you.

The essay is a essay
An appropriate is used, either or
Cause and effect are used accurately
The essay has clear
Each paragraph has a clear
The essay has strong support (facts, reasons, examples, etc.)
The conclusion includes a of the main points

Next section

Find out how to write problem-solution essays in the next section.

Previous section

Go back to the previous section about compare & contrast essays .

  • Compare/contrast

You need to login to view the exercises. If you do not already have an account, you can register for free.

  • Register        
  • Forgot password        
  • Resend activiation email

logo

Author: Sheldon Smith    ‖    Last modified: 16 January 2022.

Sheldon Smith is the founder and editor of EAPFoundation.com. He has been teaching English for Academic Purposes since 2004. Find out more about him in the about section and connect with him on Twitter , Facebook and LinkedIn .

Compare & contrast essays examine the similarities of two or more objects, and the differences.

Cause & effect essays consider the reasons (or causes) for something, then discuss the results (or effects).

Discussion essays require you to examine both sides of a situation and to conclude by saying which side you favour.

Problem-solution essays are a sub-type of SPSE essays (Situation, Problem, Solution, Evaluation).

Transition signals are useful in achieving good cohesion and coherence in your writing.

Reporting verbs are used to link your in-text citations to the information cited.

  • How to Order

User Icon

Cause And Effect Essay Guide

Cause And Effect Essay Outline

Caleb S.

How to Create a Cause and Effect Outline - An Easy Guide

10 min read

cause and effect essay outline

People also read

Best Cause and Effect Essay Examples To Get Inspiration + Simple Tips

How To Write A Cause and Effect Essay - Outline & Examples

230+ Cause and Effect Essay Topics to Boost Your Academic Writing

In academic paper writing, students often tackle diverse essay types, including cause and effect essays. 

Cause and effect essays act as a gauge for how well students can use logical reasoning to understand the outcomes of different actions.

However, the most crucial element while writing this type of essay is to create an outline. 

Many students skip outlining, thinking it's time-consuming. While creating a cause and effect paper outline does take time, it actually saves more time during writing. Following a detailed plan makes the writing process easier, ensuring you don't miss key details and can draft a logical, organized essay. 

Follow the steps given in this blog for a perfect outline.

Arrow Down

  • 1. What is a Cause and Effect Essay Outline?
  • 2. Cause and Effect Essay Outline Format
  • 3. How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay Outline?
  • 4. Cause and Effect Essay Outline Examples

What is a Cause and Effect Essay Outline?

A cause and effect essay outline is a detailed plan of action that students follow throughout the writing process. It is the key factor in writing a successful essay as it provides help in the following ways:

  • It is used to organize thoughts logically.
  • It makes the writing process easier and saves enough time to proofread.
  • It helps the writer concentrate on the main points that need to be described in the essay.

It is not required to write full sentences at this step. Instead, state the ideas and structure them in the right order.

Furthermore, it is important to choose a unique topic before developing an outline. Check out our compiled list of good  cause and effect essay topics  to grab the reader’s interest.

Cause and Effect Essay Outline Format

Cause and effect essay outline generally follows a five-paragraph format. However, the number of body paragraphs may vary according to the topic and scope of the essay. Typically, the cause and effect essay layout contains an introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion.

Here is the complete outline format structure of a cause and effect writing:

Order Essay

Paper Due? Why Suffer? That's our Job!

How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay Outline?

Follow the steps below to write an effective cause and effect essay outline.

  • Introduction
  • Body paragraphs
  • Antithesis paragraph

The following is a detailed description of the steps to writing an outline.

Step 1: Cause and Effect Essay Introduction

The introduction is the first section written to give an idea of what your essay is about. It provides background information about the topic under discussion. Similarly, it also discusses the issues and focus of the essay’s main argument, along with its purpose.

Thus, try to give a general idea to the reader with the help of a  thesis statement . It is crucial to emphasize how and why the chosen event is relevant to modern life.

For example, if you are writing about the Cold War, state how it is still apparent in global politics.

Furthermore, the  essay introduction  paragraph includes the following elements.

Start With an Attention Grabber

Start your essay with a relevant, attention-grabbing hook statement. It can be in the form of a sentence, quote, anecdote, rhetorical question, or fact. The primary purpose of such a hook is to attract the audience at the beginning of the paper.

Basic Background Information

Mention some background information on the topic to get a clear picture. It will help readers understand the event and connect with the major argument. Similarly, this element is also used to understand the cause and effect before you start writing.

Thesis Statement

It is the central element while writing an introduction. Its absence will indicate that the essay lacks a focus. It is a statement of 1-2 sentences that briefly describes the major argument of the essay.

Moreover, a writer needs to discuss this idea through all the body paragraphs. Thus, make sure to craft a strong thesis statement that correlates with the outline.

Step 2: Cause and Effect Essay Body Paragraphs

The body paragraphs provide enough details and facts about the causes that led to the effects.

  • Begin with  topic sentences  that indicate the first cause or effect of your topic. Also, brainstorm to describe their importance.
  • Each paragraph should discuss a single cause and a single effect. Furthermore, the information must be organized in chronological or reverse order.
  • Moreover, it is better to start the body paragraphs by describing causes and presenting the effects later. Analyze both the elements by explaining how and why an effect influenced the events or actions. Make sure that the content relates to the thesis statement and the overall topic.
  • Use  transitional words  to connect the ideas and give relevant examples. Most writers made a common mistake of adding weak and unconvincing causes to reach the word count. As a result, it affects the essay’s credibility.
  • Discuss the below elements while writing the body of your cause and effect essay.

Description of the Cause

This part requires the writer to explain the current situation clearly. It will help the reader to understand the primary argument. Thus, it is important to describe the situation in a way that prepares the reader for effect.

For example, if you are writing about the loss of privacy, that will lead to individual freedom. The focus should be on the technologies that affect freedom.

Description of the Effect

It explains to the reader the logical steps that move from cause to effect. It focuses on explaining what the multiple effects are and how we move from cause to effect.

Following the above example, the writer will explain the connection between privacy and freedom.

Explain the Cause and Effect Relationship

Here, a writer must discuss the importance of the findings. It is used to describe the short and long-term results of the effects. Also, suggest the recommendations to tackle the situation along with future prospects.

Step 3: Cause and Effect Essay Antithesis Paragraph

This paragraph will discuss the other side of the issue by identifying the major causes and effects. Also, explain the causes behind choosing a topic and how it will be relevant to modern life. 

This way, you can show the logic behind the occurrence of the two variables and their possible causes and effects.

Step 4: Cause and Effect Essay Conclusion

The conclusion paragraph aims to provide a brief summary of your essay. Thus, it should leave the audience with the feeling of completeness and make a final emphasis on the major ideas.

This section requires the writer to show how their perspective of the issue has changed by the following analysis. Also, it should further describe the positive and negative effects of the situation.

The conclusion includes the elements discussed below:

Restate the Thesis Statement

Write a few sentences that connect the body paragraphs with the thesis statement. It must also indicate how this statement has helped in proving the main argument of the essay.

Remind the Audience about the Main Points

Here you describe your general outline in strong and precise sentences. Avoid adding any new information. In case you are writing about a major event that influenced the world, such as global warming.

You should write a call to action and suggest what necessary steps need to be taken to overcome the issue.

Draft a Concluding Sentence

Like a convincing introduction; the conclusion should be catchy and compelling as well. Thus, pay attention to this section while writing a college or university essay.

Describe the research outcomes, along with the importance of the essay’s arguments.

Lastly, check out the examples available online. Consider the structure and vocabulary used by most authors to write a cause and effect essay conclusion.

Refer to the example below to better understand writing a cause and effect essay.

How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay Outline – Example

Cause and Effect Essay Outline Examples

Below are the cause and effect outline examples and samples for you to understand better.

Cause and Effect Essay Outline Template

5 Paragraph Cause and Effect Essay Outline

MLA Format Cause and Effect Essay Outline

Cause and Effect Essay Outline Sample

Cause and Effect Essay Outline on Divorce

Cause and Effect Essay Outline on Global Warming

Smoking Cause and Effect Essay Outline

Obesity Cause and Effect Essay Outline

Cause and Effect Essay Outline for College Students

Cause and Effect Essay Formal Outline

Tough Essay Due? Hire Tough Writers!

To Sum it Up! This ultimate writing guide will help you write a perfect cause and effect paper outline.

Nevertheless, not everyone can develop a cause-and-effect chain relationship between variables. Therefore, instead of risking your grades, it is better to seek professional help.

MyPerfectWords.com stands as a professional writing service, poised to support you in your academic writing tasks. In addition to our core writing services, our essay writer service offers a range of free services, including plagiarism reports, editing, and revisions.  So place your order now and get your perfect outline in no time!

AI Essay Bot

Write Essay Within 60 Seconds!

Caleb S.

Caleb S. has been providing writing services for over five years and has a Masters degree from Oxford University. He is an expert in his craft and takes great pride in helping students achieve their academic goals. Caleb is a dedicated professional who always puts his clients first.

Get Help

Paper Due? Why Suffer? That’s our Job!

Keep reading

cause and effect essay examples

  • Grades 6-12
  • School Leaders

Get our FREE Classroom Seating Charts 🪑

137 Intriguing Cause & Effect Essay Topics for Students

Teach critical thinking, logic, and the art of persuasion.

What are some reasons a teacher may ban cell phones in class?

Cause-and-effect essays aren’t just a way to help students strengthen their writing skills. They’ll also learn critical thinking, logic, and the art of persuasion. In addition, they teach students to demonstrate how one thing directly influences another. Coming up with engaging cause-and-effect essay topics can be challenging, but we have you covered. This list of ideas includes a variety of topics that range from social and cultural movements to mental health and the environment.

Science and Environment Cause & Effect Essay Topics

  • Describe the effect of urbanization on the environment.
  • What is the impact of air pollution on health?
  • What are the causes and consequences of plastics on marine life?
  • What is the impact of rising sea temperatures on fish and marine life?
  • Describe the impact of human behavior on global warming.

Describe the impact of human behavior on global warming. Cause and effect essay

  • What is the effect of social media on environmentalism?
  • What causes volcanic eruptions?
  • What causes trees to die?
  • What are the effects of gravity?
  • Why are plants green?
  • Why do trees shed their leaves?
  • What causes a species to become endangered?
  • What are some of the causes of animals losing their habitats?
  • Describe the effect of overpopulation on the environment.
  • What are the effects of famine on human population?
  • What are the causes and effects of Antarctica floods?
  • What are the effects of pollution on the ocean?
  • What effect do cars have on the environment?
  • Why is it important to manage wildfires?
  • What has been the impact of DNA on crime scene processing?

What has been the impact of DNA on crime scene processing?

  • What are the impacts of deforestation in Brazil?
  • What are the effects of GMO foods on human health?
  • What are the impacts of immunizations on human health?

Technology and Social Media Cause & Effect Essay Topics

  • What are the effects of social media on adolescent development?
  • How does technology affect productivity?
  • What are the effects of video games on childhood development?
  • How do cell phones affect human relationships?
  • What are some reasons a teacher might ban cell phones from class?

What are some reasons a teacher might ban cell phones from class? Cause and effect essay

  • What effects do cell phones have on sleep?
  • What effects did the invention of the Internet have on technology?
  • What were the origins of cyberbullying?
  • What are the effects of tablet use on small children?
  • How has online dating changed relationships?
  • What makes some people less likely to use social media?
  • What are the effects of social media on privacy?
  • How does the rise of TikTok affect Facebook and Instagram?
  • In what ways could social media lead to extremism?
  • What is the impact of social media on the increasing popularity of plastic surgery and other enhancements?

What is the impact of social media on the increasing popularity of plastic surgery and other enhancements?

  • What are some of the benefits of owning a smartphone and what are some of the drawbacks?
  • What has been the impact of online shopping on brick-and-mortar stores?
  • What has been the impact of smartphones on marriages and relationships?
  • What are the causes and effects of texting while driving?
  • What has the rise of “influencers” meant for Hollywood?
  • In what ways have photo filters influenced young people’s self-esteem?

Culture and Social Issues Cause & Effect Essay Topics

  • What are some of the reasons for substance abuse in young people?
  • What are some of the effects of bullying?
  • How does economic status affect the quality of health care?
  • What are some of the causes of homelessness?
  • Explain the effects of ignorance on discrimination.
  • What are the impacts of death sentences on social justice?

What are the impacts of death sentences on social justice? Cause and effect essay

  • How does financial success affect societal privilege?
  • What effects does growing up poor have on children?
  • In what ways does religion influence society?
  • What are the effects of immigration on a host country?
  • What are the effects of ageism on job opportunities?
  • What is the impact of LGBTQ+ representation in TV and movies?
  • What are the effects of school shootings on politics?
  • How do school uniforms affect students?
  • What are the impacts of high student debt?
  • What are the impacts of body shaming on people?
  • What were the lasting impacts of the AIDS epidemic on society?

What were the lasting impacts of the AIDS epidemic on society? cause and effect essay

  • What impact does banning abortion have in the United States?
  • What has been the impact of marriage equality in the United States?
  • What are the causes and effects of noise pollution?
  • What are the causes and effects of inflation on the economy?
  • What are the effects of TV shows on our behavior?

Sports Cause & Effect Essay Topics

  • Examine the effects of exercise on mental health.
  • What led to baseball being an iconic American sport?
  • What drives people to participate in extreme sports?
  • In what ways did globalization affect modern sports?
  • What were the effects of doping on amateur and professional sports?
  • Select a sport and write about the historical factors that led to the popularization of that sport.

example of cause and effect research paper

  • Describe the ways in which youth sports influence a child’s development.
  • What were the driving forces behind the first Olympics?
  • How can team sports help develop social skills?
  • How have e-sports changed the sporting landscape?
  • In what ways do race biases influence sports?

In what ways do race biases influence sports.

  • What are the effects of regular workouts on immunity?
  • How does participating in sports affect leadership skills?
  • In what ways can sports lead to character development?
  • What effect does famous athletes’ social commentary have on their fans?

History Cause & Effect Essay Topics

  • What are the effects of the war in Syria on the United States?
  • What have been the lasting effects of the Civil Rights Movement?
  • What were the causes and effects of the attack on Pearl Harbor?
  • What led up to the Berlin Wall being torn down and what effects did that have?

What led up to the Berlin Wall being torn down and what effects did that have? Cause and effect essay

  • What lasting impact did 9/11 have on modern American society?
  • What were the causes of the Salem Witch Trials?
  • What was the cultural impact of the Spanish-American War?
  • How has globalization led to modern-day slavery?
  • What events led to the fall of the Roman Empire?
  • What were the impacts of the Great Depression on women’s employment?
  • How did cartels come into existence? What effect have they had on the United States and Mexico?
  • What were the causes and effects of the Women’s Liberation Movement?
  • Give an example of colonialism in history and name the resulting impact to the affected society.

Give an example of colonialism in history and name the resulting impact to the affected society.

  • What led to the rise of ISIS and what has the impact been on international security?
  • What factors led to the Titanic’s sinking?
  • What were the causes and effects of the Vietnam War?
  • Choose an American president. What led him to become president and what were the effects of his presidency?

Mental Health Cause & Effect Essay Topics

  • How can stress affect the immune system?
  • How does social anxiety affect young people?
  • How can high academic expectations lead to depression?
  • What are the effects of divorce on young people?
  • How does service in the armed forces lead to post-traumatic stress disorder?

How does service in the armed forces lead to post-traumatic stress disorder? Cause and effect essay topic

  • What are the effects of mindfulness on mental health?
  • Describe the ways in which the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted mental health.
  • How does childhood trauma impact childhood development?
  • What impact does witnessing violence have on mental health?
  • What is behind increasingly high levels of anxiety in modern American society?

What is behind increasingly high levels of anxiety in modern American society? cause and effect essay topic

  • What are the causes and effects of panic attacks?
  • What are the causes and consequences of high stress in the workplace?
  • What are some of the causes of insomnia and in what ways does it affect mental health?
  • What is the impact of staying home for an extended period of time?

Current Events Cause & Effect Essay Topics

  • Choose a local public education campaign. What are the effects of that campaign?
  • What are the causes and effects of migration?
  • What are the causes and effects of terrorist attacks?

What are the causes and effects of terrorist attacks?

  • What are the effects of legalizing genetic engineering research?
  • How do low voting rates impact elections and government?
  • What is the effect of raising the minimum wage?
  • What are the effects of globalization on society?
  • How does gerrymandering affect election outcomes?
  • What are the causes and effects of police brutality?
  • What are the causes and effects of political polarization?

What are the causes and effects of political polarization?

  • What are the causes and effects of fake news?
  • What are the effects of global war on citizens?
  • What is the effect of international aid on poverty or health?
  • Why do some countries have nuclear weapons, and what does this mean for other countries?

Education Cause & Effect Essay Topics

  • What are the effects of teacher quality on student success?
  • What are the causes and effects of student loan debt?
  • What are the causes and effects of low graduation rates?

What are the causes and effects of low graduation rates?

  • What are the effects of assigning homework?
  • What are the causes and effects of school funding disparities?
  • What are the causes and effects of the digital divide in education?
  • What is the effect of AI on education?
  • What are the causes and effects of student burnout?
  • Should students be required to study a foreign language in school, and what are the effects of learning a foreign language?

Should students be required to study a foreign language in school, and what are the effects of learning a foreign language?

  • What effect has the COVID pandemic had on education?
  • What are the effects of same-sex classrooms or schools?

What are your best cause-and-effect essay topics for students? Come exchange ideas in the We Are Teachers HELPLINE group on Facebook.

Plus, check out our list of interesting persuasive essay topics for kids and teens..

Coming up with cause and effect essay topics can be challenging, but we have you covered. Check out our list with a variety of topics.

You Might Also Like

First day of school vs. the last day of school.

80 Intriguing Compare and Contrast Essay Topics for Kids and Teens

Android vs. iPhone? Capitalism vs. communism? Hot dog vs. taco? Continue Reading

Copyright © 2024. All rights reserved. 5335 Gate Parkway, Jacksonville, FL 32256

How To Write Cause And Effect Essay: Writing Guide

image

Table of contents

  • 1.1 Effects-Focused Method
  • 1.2 Causes-Focused Method
  • 1.3 Causal Chain Method
  • 2.1.1 Fun Cause and Effect Essay Topics
  • 2.1.2 Interesting Cause and Effect Essay Topics
  • 2.1.3 List Of Great Cause and Effect Essay Topics For College
  • 2.2 Do Proper Research
  • 2.3 Determine Causes and Effects
  • 2.4 Start With an Outline
  • 2.5 Introductory Paragraph:
  • 2.6.1 Cause 1: Bullies have problems at home
  • 2.6.2 Cause 2: Bullies seek attention
  • 2.6.3 Cause 3: Bullies aspire to their superiority.
  • 2.6.4 Effect:
  • 2.7 Conclusion:
  • 2.8 Write a Draft
  • 2.9 Proofread Your Work
  • 3.2 Effect:
  • 3.3 Examples:
  • 3.4 Examples:
  • 4 Example of Cause and Effect Essay
  • 5 Conclusion

Understanding the mechanics of a cause-effect essay is essential for enhancing your academic writing skills. These essays require critical thinking and a solid understanding of structure and format to arrive at conclusions while discussing cause-and-effect relationships. Explore all there is to know about cause and effect writing with our guide. You’ll get an overview, from its definition to helpful tips for crafting compelling pieces.

  • A cause-and-effect essay is a tool that dissects the relationship between reasons something happens and its subsequent results
  • Three main methods to structure a cause-and-effect essay and practical tips for writing.
  • List of essential transitions for this type of essay, outline templates, and cause-and-effect essay sample.

Furthermore, by analyzing how different factors interact and influence each other. You can write a deep comprehension of complex issues and cultivate critical thinking skills that will be valuable in various aspects of your life. So, let us dive in and discover the fascinating world of cause-and-effect essays together!

What Is a Cause and Effect Essay

The cause-and-effect essay examines how one idea, individual, or circumstance impacts another. It can uncover connections that may not be immediately apparent and provide insight into the broader implications of a situation. Formulating a compelling concluding sentence requires extensive research and a thorough understanding of how various factors interact.

It is important to note that these types of essays are complex pieces of writing that require significant effort to produce. For those needing assistance, using a professional  cause-and-effect essay writing service is more than just recommended. It can be essential for success. With their expertise in crafting high-quality academic papers, these services can ensure that your paper meets all requirements and help you earn the grade you desire.

In conclusion, it is critical to understand such essays and how to approach them skillfully. It allows you to explore  fascinating cause-and-effect essay topics in depth using this unique style of argumentation. Whether examining historical possibilities or current trends in society, such essays provide a powerful tool for gaining insight into complex issues.

more_shortcode

Developing the Ideal Structure for a Cause and Effect Essay

In a cause-and-effect paper, you can organize the body in various ways depending on the purpose and relatedness of causes and effects. The effects-focused approach describes multiple outcomes of a specific reason. The causes-focused method explores different factors contributing to the consequence. The causal chain method analyzes how an initial motive creates a chain reaction leading to other reasons and effects.

Regardless of the chosen method, a well-structured introduction should state the thesis statement and provide an overview. The conclusion should summarize the main points and restate the thesis while emphasizing the findings’ significance. Ultimately, the goal is to explore how events or situations affect our lives by examining their underlying causes & effects.

Effects-Focused Method

Cause and Effect Outline - One Cause, Many Effects

The effects-focused approach examines how one effect leads to a specific cause. If you choose this method, you should describe multiple consequences of a particular occasion or situation (the selected reason) in separate body paragraphs.

This approach is suitable when a single rationale can produce several ramifications that you explore and analyze independently to provide a comprehensive insight into the overall impact. In short, an effects-focused approach allows you to showcase the full extent of how an occasion or occurrence affects its surroundings.

Causes-Focused Method

Cause and Effect Essay Outline - Many Causes, One Effect

It is crucial to begin a causes-focused essay with a clear introduction that explicitly explains how one or more causes lead to a single consequence. This structure sets the tone for the writing and provides readers with a framework for understanding the evidence presented in subsequent paragraphs. Instead of secondary causes, focus on primary reasons in the introduction. So readers can better understand the significance of each piece of evidence and how they all work together to create the final result.

Causal Chain Method

Cause and Effect Outline Template - Cause-Effect Chain

We use the causal chain method when events lead to one another in a logical sequence. This cause-and-effect essay format requires you to devote each body paragraph to an event caused by the preceding event. Then, repeat, leading to the next event. The main causes should build a chain, uniting the first and the last occasion in a logical sequence that explains the cause-and-effect process.

To sum up, the most suitable format for your essay can significantly impact how effectively you convey your ideas. If you find it challenging to write a cause-and-effect essay or are facing time constraints, seek assistance from professional writers at  Papersowl.com . We offer tailored services that save time and provide customized support to meet your requirements. With our expert guidance and support, you can rest assured that your essay will succeed!

How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay

Using your outline as a guide, introduce the body of your first draft by ensuring each paragraph has a clear topic sentence that supports your thesis statement.

Choose the Topic You Like

The initial step in creating the effect essay examples is to choose a topic that captures your interest. By doing so, you can make the research process more enjoyable and stay engaged throughout the writing process. The cause-and-effect approach is the simplest and most logical type of essay. Essay ideas are brought into a structure that is easy to access by anyone.

If you’re stuck on finding a compelling cause-and-effect topic, we hope our suggestions guide you into getting an A.

Fun Cause and Effect Essay Topics

  • Drinking water is important for your heart and brain health
  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of applying intelligence tests to students?
  • What communication skills should a good teacher have?
  • Buying expensive clothes can make you unhappy
  • The color blue has a powerful impact on flies
  • Milk can make you sleepy
  • Toys are making adults much happier than children
  • Drinking beer can improve your health
  • Why do people love to travel?
  • Decorating can make people happy
  • Writing your memories and what you want to become in life can make your wishes come true
  • Watching cartoons makes you an optimistic person
  • Learning a new language stimulates your communication skills
  • Adopting a dog can make you a more organized person
  • People with big ears eat more

Interesting Cause and Effect Essay Topics

  • Your immunity can be affected if you move to a country different from the one you were born
  • The number of bees is decreasing every year, affecting nature’s balance
  • Doing sports can make you sleepless
  • Staying in the sun makes you healthier
  • Being optimistic can make your health stronger
  • Playing with dogs is recommended for people who are stressed
  • Laughing increases your chances of succeeding in life
  • Video games can make you smarter
  • Facebook helps shy people
  • Helping others change their way of thinking
  • The color of your hair is proof of your IQ
  • Global temperatures increase every year, and it affects people’s behavior
  • Socializing increases your chances of being selected for an interview
  • How can we stimulate creativity among students and what are the benefits?
  • What are the main causes of school failure and how can they be removed?

List Of Great Cause and Effect Essay Topics For College

  • How can we keep in mind student temperament in studying?
  • Feminism – a start for changing the world for good
  • Studying constantly makes your life easier
  • A smartphone is a lifesaver – how can you use it?
  • How population increases every year?
  • Teenagers are more stressed than 20 years ago
  • The importance of being independent under 30 years
  • Recycling at least 1 kilo of garbage every week can save the planet
  • Excellent food can make any student study better
  • Liberties and responsibilities in democratic countries
  • Rediscover and accept yourself after experiencing traumatic events
  • Technology has helped people express themselves better
  • In today’s world – is space still a barrier?
  • How to become a CEO in 3 years?
  • Are others’ opinions important for personal development?

Do Proper Research

Thorough research is crucial for well-informed cause-and-effect essays. Use reputable sources like academic journals, books, and credible websites to support your arguments and shed light on the topic’s relationship. This way, you can present a compelling argument that effectively communicates the cause-and-effect relationship to your audience.

Determine Causes and Effects

Analyzing the causes & effects of a topic can help you unfold a clear thesis statement for your essay, develop the body of your work, and highlight significant results related to that one cause. It also enables a more nuanced perspective on complex issues and provides insightful analysis. Moreover, it helps identify potential solutions or areas for further research. Understanding what’s causing an issue and proposing specific actions makes it easier to address it or explore new avenues.

Start With an Outline

Before delving into any cause-and-effect essay topics, create an outline to ensure your work is coherent and logically organized. Include all main ideas, especially those related to cause or effect. Each body paragraph should focus on a specific point supported by evidence and examples. Discussing potential counterarguments in your outline can strengthen your argument and anticipate objections from readers.

A concise layout ensures that your essay is easy to follow and effectively conveys your ideas to your audience. To craft an engaging introduction for your cause-and-effect essay, start by grabbing the reader’s attention with a hook to set the tone for the rest of your work. It could be in the form of an interesting statistic, anecdote, or quote that relates to your topic. From there, provide some background information on the matter before presenting your thesis statement. This should clearly state the causes and effects you will discuss in your essay.

In the conclusion of your cause-effect essay, you have to summarize the main points of your essay and restate your thesis statement in a way that emphasizes its significance. You can also provide some final thoughts or insights on the topic, leaving the reader with something to ponder.

It is essential to ensure that your conclusion does not introduce new ideas or information but ties everything together and leaves a lasting impression on the reader. By following these tips for crafting an effective cause-and-effect essay outline, you will be well on your way to producing a compelling piece of writing. It will effectively convey your message to your audience. Let us delve into an example:

Introductory Paragraph:

  • The prevalence of bullying in schools is staggering, with almost 80% of children affected by this harmful behavior. Addressing this pervasive issue requires our urgent attention and concerted efforts.
  • The education system needs to understand the underlying causes of this problem and take proactive measures to address it.

Cause 1: Bullies have problems at home

  • Children who experience abuse or neglect at home may act out their frustration on others.

Cause 2: Bullies seek attention

  • A common trait among bullies is their tendency to exhibit aggressive behavior to gain attention and establish dominance.

Cause 3: Bullies aspire to their superiority.

  • Bullies may resort to aggressive behavior to exert power and control over others. Bullying may originate from deep-seated personal insecurities, creating feelings of inadequacy and powerlessness. They may temporarily feel a sense of superiority and validation by inflicting pain on others. But this ultimately perpetuates a cycle of harm that can have lasting adverse effects on both the victim and the bully.
  • Bullying undermines the educational experience for victims, leading to increased anxiety, depression, decreased academic performance, and, tragically, even suicide.

Conclusion:

To effectively tackle the widespread issue of bullying, it is crucial to gain a thorough insight into the underlying root causes. Only after that can we implement effective strategies and interventions to combat this harmful behavior and create safer environments for all. Creating safe learning environments that discourage such behavior requires joint efforts from parents, teachers, and society. By approaching the issue with compassion and insight into its underlying causes, we can significantly reduce the incidence of bullying in schools. And also prevent its negative impact on individuals’ physical and mental health.

To ensure consistency throughout the essay, please adhere to the following guidelines for all body paragraphs and the paper outline:

  • Times New Roman font
  • Double-spacing
  • Justified alignment

When structuring your essay, begin with the most significant causes. We recommended that you explore various topic ideas to identify the most compelling ones. Additionally, incorporating multiple effects is permissible. A thorough understanding of cause-and-effect papers is essential for this assignment.

Write a Draft

Using your outline as a guide, introduce your first draft. Ensure each paragraph has a clear topic sentence that supports your cause-and-effect thesis statement .

Proofread Your Work

Finally, proofread every sentence and edit your writing for spelling mistakes, grammatical errors, and overall essay coherence. This ensures that your essay is well-written and ready for submission.

Follow these steps to produce an excellent cause-effect essay with compelling arguments highlighting your critical thinking and communication skills.

  • Free unlimited checks
  • All common file formats
  • Accurate results
  • Intuitive interface

Cause and Effect Structure Words

Cause-and-effect essay structure words are terms that show cause-and-effect relationships. To ensure clarity, it is essential to precisely identify the distinct causality (or reason) and the result and use appropriate transitions. It is important to remember that the cause happens first, followed by the outcome.

To follow are some common cause-and-effect structure words. “X” stands for the reasons, while “Y” indicates the outcome.

A distinct cause for traffic congestion in cities is (X)

Due to (X), (Y)

Because of (X), there was an increase in(Y)

The result of (X) was a decrease in(Y)

Since (X), (Y) has been happening.

As to the result of (X), we have seen an increase/decrease in(Y)

The main factor contributing to (Y) is(X)

Owing to (X), a change was in (Y)

The first consequence/result of (X) is (Y).

One outcome/impact of(X )is (Y).

(X) led to (Y).

(X) resulted in (Y).

(Y) followed as a result/consequence of (X).

(Y) occurred due to(X).

(Y) happened because(X).

✍The decline in bee populations is due to the use of pesticides.

✍Because of the use of pesticides, bee populations are declining.

✍As a result of the use of pesticides, bee populations are declining.

✍The lack of exercise and unhealthy eating habits are major contributors to the obesity epidemic.

✍Sedentary lifestyles and poor dietary choices are significant components of obesity rise rates.

✍Obesity links to sedentary lifestyles and unhealthy eating habits.

Remember that using proper structure words can help you communicate your ideas with your readers. It makes it easier for them to understand how different pieces of evidence or actions lead to specific outcomes or consequences.

Example of Cause and Effect Essay

NFT, or non-fungible tokens, have become a hot topic in the world of art, and their impact on the art industry is a cause-and-effect relationship worth exploring.

One of the main effects of NFTs on the art world is the potential for increased revenue for artists. With NFTs, artists can sell their digital art as unique, one-of-a-kind pieces that cannot be replicated, and collectors can purchase them as a form of investment. This has the potential to create a new revenue stream for artists who may have previously struggled to monetize their digital creations.

Another effect of NFTs on art is the potential for greater transparency and authenticity. Because NFTs are created on a blockchain, they provide a secure and verifiable record of ownership and provenance. This can help to reduce the risk of fraud and ensure that artists are properly credited and compensated for their work.

Moreover, the rise of NFTs has also created a new market for digital art, which was previously undervalued or dismissed as less valuable than traditional physical artwork. As a result, digital artists have gained greater recognition and respect within the art world.

However, there are also concerns about the environmental impact of NFTs. The process of creating and selling NFTs requires a significant amount of energy and contributes to carbon emissions. This has led to criticism from some artists and activists who are concerned about the impact on the environment.

Additionally, there are also concerns about the accessibility of NFTs. While they have the potential to provide a new revenue stream for artists, the high cost of purchasing and creating NFTs may exclude many artists and collectors who cannot afford to participate in this market.

In conclusion, the rise of NFTs has had a significant impact on the art world, creating new opportunities for artists to monetize their digital creations and increasing the value and recognition of digital art. However, there are also concerns about the environmental impact of NFTs and the potential exclusivity of this market. As the use of NFTs continues to grow and evolve, it is important to consider these effects and address any negative consequences to ensure a sustainable and equitable future for the art industry.

Writing a cause-and-effect essay can be challenging. It demands critical thinking skills and a comprehensive understanding of its arrangement and format. However, mastering this type of essay is crucial. It helps improve academic writing skills and enables individuals to comprehend complex issues more deeply. Choosing the appropriate structure for the paper can make all the difference in how effectively you communicate your opinion in sentences.

It is key to identify the key reasons and effects of the matter based on thorough research findings to create a clear thesis statement. With the right approach, anyone can compose high-quality cause-and-effect essays. They’ll provide valuable insights into the causal relationship between various pieces of evidence, individuals, or events.

Readers also enjoyed

250+ Research Paper Topics for Art Lovers and Curious Minds

WHY WAIT? PLACE AN ORDER RIGHT NOW!

Just fill out the form, press the button, and have no worries!

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you board with our cookie policy.

example of cause and effect research paper

Root out friction in every digital experience, super-charge conversion rates, and optimize digital self-service

Uncover insights from any interaction, deliver AI-powered agent coaching, and reduce cost to serve

Increase revenue and loyalty with real-time insights and recommendations delivered to teams on the ground

Know how your people feel and empower managers to improve employee engagement, productivity, and retention

Take action in the moments that matter most along the employee journey and drive bottom line growth

Whatever they’re are saying, wherever they’re saying it, know exactly what’s going on with your people

Get faster, richer insights with qual and quant tools that make powerful market research available to everyone

Run concept tests, pricing studies, prototyping + more with fast, powerful studies designed by UX research experts

Track your brand performance 24/7 and act quickly to respond to opportunities and challenges in your market

Explore the platform powering Experience Management

  • Free Account
  • Product Demos
  • For Digital
  • For Customer Care
  • For Human Resources
  • For Researchers
  • Financial Services
  • All Industries

Popular Use Cases

  • Customer Experience
  • Employee Experience
  • Net Promoter Score
  • Voice of Customer
  • Customer Success Hub
  • Product Documentation
  • Training & Certification
  • XM Institute
  • Popular Resources
  • Customer Stories
  • Artificial Intelligence

Market Research

  • Partnerships
  • Marketplace

The annual gathering of the experience leaders at the world’s iconic brands building breakthrough business results, live in Salt Lake City.

  • English/AU & NZ
  • Español/Europa
  • Español/América Latina
  • Português Brasileiro
  • REQUEST DEMO
  • Experience Management
  • Causal Research

Try Qualtrics for free

Causal research: definition, examples and how to use it.

16 min read Causal research enables market researchers to predict hypothetical occurrences & outcomes while improving existing strategies. Discover how this research can decrease employee retention & increase customer success for your business.

What is causal research?

Causal research, also known as explanatory research or causal-comparative research, identifies the extent and nature of cause-and-effect relationships between two or more variables.

It’s often used by companies to determine the impact of changes in products, features, or services process on critical company metrics. Some examples:

  • How does rebranding of a product influence intent to purchase?
  • How would expansion to a new market segment affect projected sales?
  • What would be the impact of a price increase or decrease on customer loyalty?

To maintain the accuracy of causal research, ‘confounding variables’ or influences — e.g. those that could distort the results — are controlled. This is done either by keeping them constant in the creation of data, or by using statistical methods. These variables are identified before the start of the research experiment.

As well as the above, research teams will outline several other variables and principles in causal research:

  • Independent variables

The variables that may cause direct changes in another variable. For example, the effect of truancy on a student’s grade point average. The independent variable is therefore class attendance.

  • Control variables

These are the components that remain unchanged during the experiment so researchers can better understand what conditions create a cause-and-effect relationship.  

This describes the cause-and-effect relationship. When researchers find causation (or the cause), they’ve conducted all the processes necessary to prove it exists.

  • Correlation

Any relationship between two variables in the experiment. It’s important to note that correlation doesn’t automatically mean causation. Researchers will typically establish correlation before proving cause-and-effect.

  • Experimental design

Researchers use experimental design to define the parameters of the experiment — e.g. categorizing participants into different groups.

  • Dependent variables

These are measurable variables that may change or are influenced by the independent variable. For example, in an experiment about whether or not terrain influences running speed, your dependent variable is the terrain.  

Why is causal research useful?

It’s useful because it enables market researchers to predict hypothetical occurrences and outcomes while improving existing strategies. This allows businesses to create plans that benefit the company. It’s also a great research method because researchers can immediately see how variables affect each other and under what circumstances.

Also, once the first experiment has been completed, researchers can use the learnings from the analysis to repeat the experiment or apply the findings to other scenarios. Because of this, it’s widely used to help understand the impact of changes in internal or commercial strategy to the business bottom line.

Some examples include:

  • Understanding how overall training levels are improved by introducing new courses
  • Examining which variations in wording make potential customers more interested in buying a product
  • Testing a market’s response to a brand-new line of products and/or services

So, how does causal research compare and differ from other research types?

Well, there are a few research types that are used to find answers to some of the examples above:

1. Exploratory research

As its name suggests, exploratory research involves assessing a situation (or situations) where the problem isn’t clear. Through this approach, researchers can test different avenues and ideas to establish facts and gain a better understanding.

Researchers can also use it to first navigate a topic and identify which variables are important. Because no area is off-limits, the research is flexible and adapts to the investigations as it progresses.

Finally, this approach is unstructured and often involves gathering qualitative data, giving the researcher freedom to progress the research according to their thoughts and assessment. However, this may make results susceptible to researcher bias and may limit the extent to which a topic is explored.

2. Descriptive research

Descriptive research is all about describing the characteristics of the population, phenomenon or scenario studied. It focuses more on the “what” of the research subject than the “why”.

For example, a clothing brand wants to understand the fashion purchasing trends amongst buyers in California — so they conduct a demographic survey of the region, gather population data and then run descriptive research. The study will help them to uncover purchasing patterns amongst fashion buyers in California, but not necessarily why those patterns exist.

As the research happens in a natural setting, variables can cross-contaminate other variables, making it harder to isolate cause and effect relationships. Therefore, further research will be required if more causal information is needed.

Get started on your market research journey with Strategic Research

How is causal research different from the other two methods above?

Well, causal research looks at what variables are involved in a problem and ‘why’ they act a certain way. As the experiment takes place in a controlled setting (thanks to controlled variables) it’s easier to identify cause-and-effect amongst variables.

Furthermore, researchers can carry out causal research at any stage in the process, though it’s usually carried out in the later stages once more is known about a particular topic or situation.

Finally, compared to the other two methods, causal research is more structured, and researchers can combine it with exploratory and descriptive research to assist with research goals.

Summary of three research types

causal research table

What are the advantages of causal research?

  • Improve experiences

By understanding which variables have positive impacts on target variables (like sales revenue or customer loyalty), businesses can improve their processes, return on investment, and the experiences they offer customers and employees.

  • Help companies improve internally

By conducting causal research, management can make informed decisions about improving their employee experience and internal operations. For example, understanding which variables led to an increase in staff turnover.

  • Repeat experiments to enhance reliability and accuracy of results

When variables are identified, researchers can replicate cause-and-effect with ease, providing them with reliable data and results to draw insights from.

  • Test out new theories or ideas

If causal research is able to pinpoint the exact outcome of mixing together different variables, research teams have the ability to test out ideas in the same way to create viable proof of concepts.

  • Fix issues quickly

Once an undesirable effect’s cause is identified, researchers and management can take action to reduce the impact of it or remove it entirely, resulting in better outcomes.

What are the disadvantages of causal research?

  • Provides information to competitors

If you plan to publish your research, it provides information about your plans to your competitors. For example, they might use your research outcomes to identify what you are up to and enter the market before you.

  • Difficult to administer

Causal research is often difficult to administer because it’s not possible to control the effects of extraneous variables.

  • Time and money constraints

Budgetary and time constraints can make this type of research expensive to conduct and repeat. Also, if an initial attempt doesn’t provide a cause and effect relationship, the ROI is wasted and could impact the appetite for future repeat experiments.

  • Requires additional research to ensure validity

You can’t rely on just the outcomes of causal research as it’s inaccurate. It’s best to conduct other types of research alongside it to confirm its output.

  • Trouble establishing cause and effect

Researchers might identify that two variables are connected, but struggle to determine which is the cause and which variable is the effect.

  • Risk of contamination

There’s always the risk that people outside your market or area of study could affect the results of your research. For example, if you’re conducting a retail store study, shoppers outside your ‘test parameters’ shop at your store and skew the results.

How can you use causal research effectively?

To better highlight how you can use causal research across functions or markets, here are a few examples:

Market and advertising research

A company might want to know if their new advertising campaign or marketing campaign is having a positive impact. So, their research team can carry out a causal research project to see which variables cause a positive or negative effect on the campaign.

For example, a cold-weather apparel company in a winter ski-resort town may see an increase in sales generated after a targeted campaign to skiers. To see if one caused the other, the research team could set up a duplicate experiment to see if the same campaign would generate sales from non-skiers. If the results reduce or change, then it’s likely that the campaign had a direct effect on skiers to encourage them to purchase products.

Improving customer experiences and loyalty levels

Customers enjoy shopping with brands that align with their own values, and they’re more likely to buy and present the brand positively to other potential shoppers as a result. So, it’s in your best interest to deliver great experiences and retain your customers.

For example, the Harvard Business Review found that an increase in customer retention rates by 5% increased profits by 25% to 95%. But let’s say you want to increase your own, how can you identify which variables contribute to it?Using causal research, you can test hypotheses about which processes, strategies or changes influence customer retention. For example, is it the streamlined checkout? What about the personalized product suggestions? Or maybe it was a new solution that solved their problem? Causal research will help you find out.

Improving problematic employee turnover rates

If your company has a high attrition rate, causal research can help you narrow down the variables or reasons which have the greatest impact on people leaving. This allows you to prioritize your efforts on tackling the issues in the right order, for the best positive outcomes.

For example, through causal research, you might find that employee dissatisfaction due to a lack of communication and transparency from upper management leads to poor morale, which in turn influences employee retention.

To rectify the problem, you could implement a routine feedback loop or session that enables your people to talk to your company’s C-level executives so that they feel heard and understood.

How to conduct causal research first steps to getting started are:

1. Define the purpose of your research

What questions do you have? What do you expect to come out of your research? Think about which variables you need to test out the theory.

2. Pick a random sampling if participants are needed

Using a technology solution to support your sampling, like a database, can help you define who you want your target audience to be, and how random or representative they should be.

3. Set up the controlled experiment

Once you’ve defined which variables you’d like to measure to see if they interact, think about how best to set up the experiment. This could be in-person or in-house via interviews, or it could be done remotely using online surveys.

4. Carry out the experiment

Make sure to keep all irrelevant variables the same, and only change the causal variable (the one that causes the effect) to gather the correct data. Depending on your method, you could be collecting qualitative or quantitative data, so make sure you note your findings across each regularly.

5. Analyze your findings

Either manually or using technology, analyze your data to see if any trends, patterns or correlations emerge. By looking at the data, you’ll be able to see what changes you might need to do next time, or if there are questions that require further research.

6. Verify your findings

Your first attempt gives you the baseline figures to compare the new results to. You can then run another experiment to verify your findings.

7. Do follow-up or supplemental research

You can supplement your original findings by carrying out research that goes deeper into causes or explores the topic in more detail. One of the best ways to do this is to use a survey. See ‘Use surveys to help your experiment’.

Identifying causal relationships between variables

To verify if a causal relationship exists, you have to satisfy the following criteria:

  • Nonspurious association

A clear correlation exists between one cause and the effect. In other words, no ‘third’ that relates to both (cause and effect) should exist.

  • Temporal sequence

The cause occurs before the effect. For example, increased ad spend on product marketing would contribute to higher product sales.

  • Concomitant variation

The variation between the two variables is systematic. For example, if a company doesn’t change its IT policies and technology stack, then changes in employee productivity were not caused by IT policies or technology.

How surveys help your causal research experiments?

There are some surveys that are perfect for assisting researchers with understanding cause and effect. These include:

  • Employee Satisfaction Survey – An introductory employee satisfaction survey that provides you with an overview of your current employee experience.
  • Manager Feedback Survey – An introductory manager feedback survey geared toward improving your skills as a leader with valuable feedback from your team.
  • Net Promoter Score (NPS) Survey – Measure customer loyalty and understand how your customers feel about your product or service using one of the world’s best-recognized metrics.
  • Employee Engagement Survey – An entry-level employee engagement survey that provides you with an overview of your current employee experience.
  • Customer Satisfaction Survey – Evaluate how satisfied your customers are with your company, including the products and services you provide and how they are treated when they buy from you.
  • Employee Exit Interview Survey – Understand why your employees are leaving and how they’ll speak about your company once they’re gone.
  • Product Research Survey – Evaluate your consumers’ reaction to a new product or product feature across every stage of the product development journey.
  • Brand Awareness Survey – Track the level of brand awareness in your target market, including current and potential future customers.
  • Online Purchase Feedback Survey – Find out how well your online shopping experience performs against customer needs and expectations.

That covers the fundamentals of causal research and should give you a foundation for ongoing studies to assess opportunities, problems, and risks across your market, product, customer, and employee segments.

If you want to transform your research, empower your teams and get insights on tap to get ahead of the competition, maybe it’s time to leverage Qualtrics CoreXM.

Qualtrics CoreXM provides a single platform for data collection and analysis across every part of your business — from customer feedback to product concept testing. What’s more, you can integrate it with your existing tools and services thanks to a flexible API.

Qualtrics CoreXM offers you as much or as little power and complexity as you need, so whether you’re running simple surveys or more advanced forms of research, it can deliver every time.

Get started on your market research journey with CoreXM

Related resources

Market intelligence 10 min read, marketing insights 11 min read, ethnographic research 11 min read, qualitative vs quantitative research 13 min read, qualitative research questions 11 min read, qualitative research design 12 min read, primary vs secondary research 14 min read, request demo.

Ready to learn more about Qualtrics?

Have a language expert improve your writing

Run a free plagiarism check in 10 minutes, generate accurate citations for free.

  • Knowledge Base

Methodology

  • Correlation vs. Causation | Difference, Designs & Examples

Correlation vs. Causation | Difference, Designs & Examples

Published on July 12, 2021 by Pritha Bhandari . Revised on June 22, 2023.

Correlation means there is a statistical association between variables. Causation means that a change in one variable causes a change in another variable.

In research, you might have come across the phrase “correlation doesn’t imply causation.” Correlation and causation are two related ideas, but understanding their differences will help you critically evaluate sources and interpret scientific research.

Table of contents

What’s the difference, why doesn’t correlation mean causation, correlational research, third variable problem, regression to the mean, spurious correlations, directionality problem, causal research, other interesting articles, frequently asked questions about correlation and causation.

Correlation describes an association between types of variables : when one variable changes, so does the other. A correlation is a statistical indicator of the relationship between variables. These variables change together: they covary. But this covariation isn’t necessarily due to a direct or indirect causal link.

Causation means that changes in one variable brings about changes in the other; there is a cause-and-effect relationship between variables. The two variables are correlated with each other and there is also a causal link between them.

Prevent plagiarism. Run a free check.

There are two main reasons why correlation isn’t causation. These problems are important to identify for drawing sound scientific conclusions from research.

The third variable problem means that a confounding variable affects both variables to make them seem causally related when they are not. For example, ice cream sales and violent crime rates are closely correlated, but they are not causally linked with each other. Instead, hot temperatures, a third variable, affects both variables separately. Failing to account for third variables can lead research biases to creep into your work.

The directionality problem occurs when two variables correlate and might actually have a causal relationship, but it’s impossible to conclude which variable causes changes in the other. For example, vitamin D levels are correlated with depression, but it’s not clear whether low vitamin D causes depression, or whether depression causes reduced vitamin D intake.

You’ll need to use an appropriate research design to distinguish between correlational and causal relationships:

  • Correlational research designs can only demonstrate correlational links between variables.
  • Experimental designs can test causation.

In a correlational research design, you collect data on your variables without manipulating them.

Correlational research is usually high in external validity , so you can generalize your findings to real life settings. But these studies are low in internal validity , which makes it difficult to causally connect changes in one variable to changes in the other.

These research designs are commonly used when it’s unethical, too costly, or too difficult to perform controlled experiments. They are also used to study relationships that aren’t expected to be causal.

Without controlled experiments, it’s hard to say whether it was the variable you’re interested in that caused changes in another variable. Extraneous variables are any third variable or omitted variable other than your variables of interest that could affect your results.

Limited control in correlational research means that extraneous or confounding variables serve as alternative explanations for the results. Confounding variables can make it seem as though a correlational relationship is causal when it isn’t.

When two variables are correlated, all you can say is that changes in one variable occur alongside changes in the other.

Regression to the mean is observed when variables that are extremely higher or extremely lower than average on the first measurement move closer to the average on the second measurement. Particularly in research that intentionally focuses on the most extreme cases or events, RTM should always be considered as a possible cause of an observed change.

Players or teams featured on the cover of SI have earned their place by performing exceptionally well. But athletic success is a mix of skill and luck, and even the best players don’t always win.

Chances are that good luck will not continue indefinitely, and neither can exceptional success.

A spurious correlation is when two variables appear to be related through hidden third variables or simply by coincidence.

The Theory of the Stork draws a simple causal link between the variables to argue that storks physically deliver babies. This satirical study shows why you can’t conclude causation from correlational research alone.

When you analyze correlations in a large dataset with many variables, the chances of finding at least one statistically significant result are high. In this case, you’re more likely to make a type I error . This means erroneously concluding there is a true correlation between variables in the population based on skewed sample data.

To demonstrate causation, you need to show a directional relationship with no alternative explanations. This relationship can be unidirectional, with one variable impacting the other, or bidirectional, where both variables impact each other.

A correlational design won’t be able to distinguish between any of these possibilities, but an experimental design can test each possible direction, one at a time.

  • Physical activity may affect self esteem
  • Self esteem may affect physical activity
  • Physical activity and self esteem may both affect each other

In correlational research, the directionality of a relationship is unclear because there is limited researcher control. You might risk concluding reverse causality, the wrong direction of the relationship.

Causal links between variables can only be truly demonstrated with controlled experiments . Experiments test formal predictions, called hypotheses , to establish causality in one direction at a time.

Experiments are high in internal validity , so cause-and-effect relationships can be demonstrated with reasonable confidence.

You can establish directionality in one direction because you manipulate an independent variable before measuring the change in a dependent variable.

In a controlled experiment, you can also eliminate the influence of third variables by using random assignment and control groups.

Random assignment helps distribute participant characteristics evenly between groups so that they’re similar and comparable. A control group lets you compare the experimental manipulation to a similar treatment or no treatment (or a placebo, to control for the placebo effect ).

If you want to know more about statistics , methodology , or research bias , make sure to check out some of our other articles with explanations and examples.

  • Chi square test of independence
  • Statistical power
  • Descriptive statistics
  • Degrees of freedom
  • Pearson correlation
  • Null hypothesis
  • Double-blind study
  • Case-control study
  • Research ethics
  • Data collection
  • Hypothesis testing
  • Structured interviews

Research bias

  • Hawthorne effect
  • Unconscious bias
  • Recall bias
  • Halo effect
  • Self-serving bias
  • Information bias

A correlation reflects the strength and/or direction of the association between two or more variables.

  • A positive correlation means that both variables change in the same direction.
  • A negative correlation means that the variables change in opposite directions.
  • A zero correlation means there’s no relationship between the variables.

Correlation describes an association between variables : when one variable changes, so does the other. A correlation is a statistical indicator of the relationship between variables.

Causation means that changes in one variable brings about changes in the other (i.e., there is a cause-and-effect relationship between variables). The two variables are correlated with each other, and there’s also a causal link between them.

While causation and correlation can exist simultaneously, correlation does not imply causation. In other words, correlation is simply a relationship where A relates to B—but A doesn’t necessarily cause B to happen (or vice versa). Mistaking correlation for causation is a common error and can lead to false cause fallacy .

The third variable and directionality problems are two main reasons why correlation isn’t causation .

The third variable problem means that a confounding variable affects both variables to make them seem causally related when they are not.

The directionality problem is when two variables correlate and might actually have a causal relationship, but it’s impossible to conclude which variable causes changes in the other.

Controlled experiments establish causality, whereas correlational studies only show associations between variables.

  • In an experimental design , you manipulate an independent variable and measure its effect on a dependent variable. Other variables are controlled so they can’t impact the results.
  • In a correlational design , you measure variables without manipulating any of them. You can test whether your variables change together, but you can’t be sure that one variable caused a change in another.

In general, correlational research is high in external validity while experimental research is high in internal validity .

Cite this Scribbr article

If you want to cite this source, you can copy and paste the citation or click the “Cite this Scribbr article” button to automatically add the citation to our free Citation Generator.

Bhandari, P. (2023, June 22). Correlation vs. Causation | Difference, Designs & Examples. Scribbr. Retrieved July 8, 2024, from https://www.scribbr.com/methodology/correlation-vs-causation/

Is this article helpful?

Pritha Bhandari

Pritha Bhandari

Other students also liked, correlational research | when & how to use, guide to experimental design | overview, steps, & examples, confounding variables | definition, examples & controls, what is your plagiarism score.

Home — Essay Types — Cause and Effect Essays

Cause and Effect Essays Examples

Cause and effect essays serve as more than mere exercises in writing proficiency; they're gateways to honing critical thinking, logic, and persuasive skills. By demonstrating direct causal relationships, students delve into the intricate web of influence between events. Crafting compelling cause and effect essay topics can pose a challenge, but fret not; we've got you covered. Explore our curated list featuring a diverse array of topics spanning social movements, mental health, and environmental issues. Struggling to pinpoint an engaging theme for your cause and effect essay? Our comprehensive collection of cause and effect essay topics is here to inspire your writing journey. Dive in and discover the power of dissecting causality in the realm of academic discourse.

In the realm of academic discourse, cause and effect essay topics serve as the bedrock for insightful analysis and captivating storytelling. Crafting compelling topics for cause and effect essays requires a keen understanding of the interconnected nature of events and phenomena. From societal trends to environmental issues, the possibilities are endless when it comes to exploring cause-and-effect relationships. Dive into our curated collection of thought-provoking topics for cause and effect essays and embark on a journey of discovery and exploration. Whether you're delving into the impact of technology on human behavior or unraveling the complexities of social dynamics, our list is sure to inspire your next writing endeavor.

Exploring Cause and Effect Essay Topics

  • The Impact of Social Media on Interpersonal Relationships
  • Climate Change: Causes and Effects on the Environment
  • The Effects of Technology on Mental Health
  • The Relationship Between Parenting Styles and Child Development
  • The Influence of Fast Food Consumption on Obesity Rates
  • Economic Recession: Causes and Consequences
  • The Effects of Bullying on Academic Performance
  • The Impact of Stress on Physical Health
  • The Connection Between Education and Economic Mobility
  • The Effects of Sleep Deprivation on Cognitive Functioning

Popular Topics for Cause and Effect Essays

  • The Influence of Peer Pressure on Decision Making
  • The Impact of Video Games on Aggressive Behavior
  • Urbanization: Causes and Effects on Society
  • The Relationship Between Smoking and Lung Cancer
  • The Effects of Climate Change on Global Migration Patterns
  • The Influence of Music on Mood and Emotions
  • The Link Between Poverty and Crime Rates
  • The Effects of Divorce on Children's Mental Health
  • The Connection Between Academic Success and Parental Involvement
  • The Impact of Cultural Diversity on Workplace Dynamics

The Best Cause and Effect Essay Topics

  • The Effects of Social Media Influencers on Consumer Behavior
  • Technology Dependency: Causes and Consequences
  • The Relationship Between Diet and Academic Performance
  • The Influence of Advertising on Consumer Choices
  • The Effects of Immigration Policies on Economic Growth
  • Climate Change: Causes and Effects on Wildlife
  • The Impact of Renewable Energy on Environmental Sustainability
  • The Connection Between Exercise and Mental Well-being
  • The Effects of Natural Disasters on Communities
  • The Relationship Between Economic Development and Environmental Degradation

Good Cause and Effect Topics on Poverty

  • The Cycle of Poverty: Causes and Effects
  • The Impact of Education on Poverty Reduction
  • Unemployment: Causes and Consequences for Individuals and Society
  • The Relationship Between Poverty and Health Disparities
  • The Effects of Housing Discrimination on Economic Opportunities
  • The Influence of Social Welfare Policies on Poverty Rates
  • The Connection Between Access to Clean Water and Poverty
  • The Impact of Globalization on Income Inequality
  • Poverty and Crime: Exploring the Linkages
  • The Effects of Food Insecurity on Child Development

Cause and Effect Essay Ideas on Sports

  • The Effects of Performance-Enhancing Drugs on Athletes' Health
  • Concussions in Sports: Causes and Long-term Effects
  • The Impact of Title IX on Gender Equality in Sports
  • Sports Participation and Academic Performance: Exploring the Relationship
  • The Influence of Sports Sponsorship on Consumer Behavior
  • The Effects of Sports Specialization on Youth Athletes
  • Gender Disparities in Sports: Causes and Consequences
  • The Relationship Between Sports Fandom and Mental Health
  • The Effects of Sportsmanship Education on Youth Development
  • Sports Injuries: Preventative Measures and Consequences

Cause and effect essays are fundamental in understanding the relationships between events and their outcomes. These essays delve into the intricacies of causation, exploring how one action leads to another. Understanding the structure and techniques of crafting a compelling cause and effect essay is crucial for effective communication. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the key elements of cause and effect essays , providing valuable insights and practical tips for crafting impactful pieces. From analyzing cause and effect essay examples to elucidating the significance of a strong thesis statement, this article aims to equip you with the necessary tools to excel in your writing endeavors. Let’s embark on this journey together into the realm of cause and effect essays.

Understanding Cause and Effect Essays

  • A. Definition and Purpose Cause and effect essays aim to explore the connections between events and their consequences. They delve into the reasons behind certain occurrences and the effects they produce. By examining causation, these essays offer insights into the underlying mechanisms driving various phenomena. Understanding the purpose of cause and effect essays is essential for effectively communicating complex relationships. To elucidate further, let’s delve into a cause and effect essay sample to grasp the practical application of this genre.
  • B. Different Types of Cause and Effect Essays Cause and effect essays come in various forms, each tailored to different purposes and audiences. For college students, in particular, exploring real-world scenarios and academic concepts through essays can be enriching. Cause and effect essay examples for college students encompass a wide range of topics, from societal issues to scientific phenomena. By examining diverse examples, students can gain a deeper understanding of causation and its implications. Choosing the right type of essay is paramount to effectively convey the intended message and engage the audience.
  • C. Importance of Selecting Appropriate Topics

The topic selection process plays a crucial role in the success of a cause and effect essay. Choosing relevant and engaging topics not only captivates the audience but also facilitates meaningful analysis. Whether exploring historical events, environmental issues, or societal trends, selecting appropriate topics is essential. It ensures that the essay remains focused and addresses pertinent issues. In the subsequent sections, we will delve into the intricacies of topic selection and provide practical tips for identifying compelling subjects for your cause and effect essays.

Basic Structure of a Cause and Effect Essay

Introduction.

In the realm of cause and effect essays, the introduction serves as the gateway to understanding the interconnectedness of events. A compelling introduction not only grabs the reader’s attention but also sets the stage for the subsequent analysis. At its core, the introduction should feature a strong thesis statement that encapsulates the central argument of the essay. This thesis statement acts as a roadmap, guiding readers through the cause and effect relationships explored in the essay. To illustrate, let’s consider cause and effect examples for essay, which provide concrete instances of causation for readers to comprehend the concept more vividly.

Body Paragraphs

The body paragraphs constitute the heart of a cause and effect essay, where the intricacies of causation are explored in-depth. Each paragraph delves into a specific cause or effect, supported by evidence and examples. By examining real-world scenarios and empirical data, readers gain a comprehensive understanding of the interconnected nature of events. Incorporating examples of cause and effect essays enriches the analysis, providing concrete illustrations of causation in action. Through meticulous examination and analysis, the body paragraphs elucidate the complexities of causation and its far-reaching implications.

As the essay draws to a close, the conclusion offers a succinct summary of the key points discussed. It reinforces the central thesis and highlights the significance of the insights gained through the analysis. By summarizing the main arguments, the conclusion provides closure while leaving a lasting impact on the reader. Emphasizing the importance of understanding cause and effect relationships, the conclusion reaffirms the significance of the essay’s findings. In the subsequent sections, we will explore practical tips for crafting a compelling conclusion that leaves a lasting impression on the audience.

Infographic Introduction Strategies for Cause and Effect Essay

Sample Cause and Effect Essay Examples

Free examples for reference.

  • The Impact of Social Media on Mental Health
  • Deforestation: Causes and Consequences
  • Causes and Effects of Poverty: The Vicious Cycle [PDF]
  • Factors Contributing to Drug Abuse Development [PDF]
  • Effect of Smoking Depictions in Media on Youth Rates [PDF]

Examples Suitable for College Students

  • Impact of Financial Stress on Marital Relationships & Divorce Rates [PDF]
  • Drug Abuse & Mental Health: A Critical Correlation Analysis [PDF]
  • The Human Impact: Causes and Solutions for Climate Change [PDF]
  • Exploring Long-Term Effects of Divorce on Children and Families [PDF]
  • Social Media Usage and Its Effects on Study Habits

Analysis of Sample Essays

  • Analyzing the Causes and Effects of Climate Change
  • Exploring the Relationship Between Poverty and Education
  • The Impact of Globalization on Cultural Identity
  • Understanding the Effects of Parental Involvement on Academic Achievement
  • Examining the Causes and Consequences of Teenage Pregnancy

TOP Cause and Effect Essay Examples [FREE]

Tips for writing a stellar cause and effect essay.

  • Keep Asking Yourself “Why” and “What Happened”

When crafting a cause and effect essay, it’s essential to delve deep into the underlying reasons behind events and their outcomes. Continuously asking yourself “why” and “what happened” enables you to conduct thorough analysis and uncover the root causes of phenomena. By emphasizing the importance of this analytical approach, you can provide readers with valuable insights into complex relationships. Additionally, implementing “cause and effect essay tips” throughout your writing process can enhance the clarity and depth of your analysis.

  • Consider the Many Causes and/or Many Effects of Any Topic

Cause and effect relationships are often multifaceted, with numerous factors contributing to outcomes. When exploring a topic, it’s crucial to consider the diverse array of causes and effects involved. By adopting a comprehensive approach, you can provide readers with a nuanced understanding of the complexities at play. Utilizing strategies for comprehensive exploration ensures that your analysis is thorough and well-rounded, enriching the overall quality of your essay.

  • But Don’t Worry About Covering Them All

While it’s important to consider multiple causes and effects, it’s equally essential to prioritize coherence and clarity in your writing. Focusing on coherence ensures that your essay maintains a logical flow and remains easy for readers to follow. Similarly, prioritizing clarity allows you to effectively communicate your ideas without overwhelming the reader with excessive information. By striking a balance between comprehensiveness and conciseness, you can create a cause and effect essay that is both informative and engaging.

Mastering the structure and techniques of cause and effect essays is paramount for effective communication and analysis. Throughout this guide, we’ve emphasized the significance of understanding the cause and effect essay structure, from crafting a strong thesis statement to exploring multiple causes and effects. By adhering to these principles, writers can produce compelling essays that elucidate complex relationships and offer valuable insights to readers.

I encourage readers to apply the newfound knowledge gained from this guide to their own writing endeavors. Whether crafting academic essays or analyzing real-world phenomena, the techniques discussed here can enhance the clarity and depth of your analysis. Additionally, I invite you to explore further resources and examples to deepen your understanding of cause and effect essays and refine your writing skills.

For those seeking additional guidance, I invite you to explore a diverse array of “cause and effect essay examples”. These examples provide concrete illustrations of the concepts discussed in this guide, allowing for deeper comprehension and application. By studying various examples, readers can gain valuable insights into effective writing techniques and approaches, further enriching their writing repertoire.

In closing, mastering the art of cause and effect essays opens doors to a deeper understanding of the world around us and empowers writers to convey their ideas with clarity and precision.

Insomnia: Causes and Consequences

Introduction Insomnia, characterized by persistent difficulty in falling or staying asleep, is a prevalent sleep disorder that affects millions of individuals worldwide. The importance of sleep for overall health and well-being cannot be overstated, as it plays a crucial role in physical restoration, cognitive function,…

Cause And Effect Of Smoking

Smoking, a practice that involves inhaling the smoke of burning tobacco encased in cigarettes, cigars, or pipes, has been a prevalent habit across various cultures and societies for centuries. Despite the widespread knowledge of its adverse effects, smoking continues to allure individuals, often leading to…

The Causes and Effects of World War II: A Comprehensive Analysis

Introduction World War II, which lasted from 1939 to 1945, is one of the most significant and transformative events in human history. The causes of this global conflict are multifaceted and complex, encompassing political, economic, and social factors that had been brewing for decades. Equally…

Bullying: Cause of Depression and Teen Suicide

Bullying has long been a pervasive issue in schools and communities around the world. It is a form of aggressive behavior that is intentional, repetitive, and involves an imbalance of power or strength. The effects of bullying on its victims can be devastating, leading to…

Get professional help in 5 minutes

boy-baner

Cause and Effect of Illiteracy

Illiteracy is a pressing issue that affects millions of people around the world. It is defined as the inability to read and write, and it has significant negative effects on individuals and societies. Illiteracy can be caused by a variety of factors, and its consequences…

Cause and Effect of Obesity

Obesity is a complex and multifaceted issue that has become a significant public health concern in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the prevalence of obesity has more than doubled in the past four decades, with approximately 42.4%…

Causes of Imperialism in Africa

Imperialism, the policy of extending a nation’s authority by territorial acquisition or by the establishment of economic and political dominance over other nations, has long been a topic of interest and debate among historians and scholars. One of the most well-known examples of imperialism is…

The Impact of Social Media: Causes and Effects

Introduction Social media has become an integral part of our daily lives, with millions of people around the world using platforms such as Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter to connect, share, and engage. Whether it’s posting updates about our lives, sharing our thoughts and opinions, or…

The Harmful Effects of Smoking: Physical, Social, and Economic Consequences

Smoking is a habit that has been around for centuries, but did you know that it is responsible for the deaths of about six million people every year worldwide? Smoking dates back to ancient times when people used to burn herbs and inhale the smoke…

The Causes, Effects, and Lessons of 9/11

The terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, also known as 9/11, shook the world and left an indelible mark on history. The attacks were carried out by Islamic extremists who hijacked four commercial airplanes, crashing two of them into the World Trade Center in New…

What are some examples of cause and effect?

As a rule, the majority of cause-and-effect essays deal with challenging issues like ocean pollution or corruption in the country. While you do not have to provide a solution per se, the task here is to tell about what it causes. For example, “Frequent smoking leads to lung diseases” or “The introduction of stricter driving laws has led to fewer road accidents”. In all these examples of cause-and-effect essays, you can see the reason that has brought something up. You can also check our sample ideas to determine how to connect both parts of your narration and make the structure right.

How do I write a cause and effect essay?

The good old trick that you can use is the creation of an outline or a table with two columns where one part contains the causes for something and the other column discusses the effect it has had. For example, you can talk about better furniture for college students and talk about what it has caused in terms of back pains decrease, better posture, and so on. The effects would contain more efficient studying, an improvement in a mental state, and other positive aspects. The most important is to use the bridge words and expressions that help your readers understand why something took place.

What is a cause and effect essay definition?

Your purpose is to describe the chain of events and reveal the logic between the causes and the consequences. Some cause-and-effect essay examples may contain topics like “drinking coffee in the morning leads to…” where the “drinking coffee” aspect is the cause, while “leads to” would talk about the reasons that have been caused by the practice. You can check our existing ideas to see what it means in practice and what kind of narration is used. Of course, you must provide evidence for the causes if there are any. It is not only an assumption that must be made as you write.

What does “cause and effect” mean in writing?

In most cases, the talk goes about the logic link between some action and the various consequences that relate to it. You can safely sample cause-and-effect essays to see that it is not only Political Science or Environmental Sciences that relate to that. As a rule, you can write about bad nursing practices that you would like to change or tell about how workplace bullying leads to depression. If you make a claim, an argument, or an assumption, you speak of the cause-and-effect model by explaining how something leads to a certain state. Do not forget that it involves analytical work, too.

The most popular topics for Cause and Effect Essays

  • Social Media
  • Drug Addiction
  • Pearl Harbor
  • Climate Change
  • Discrimination
  • Mental Health
  • Domestic Violence
  • Child Abuse
  • Unemployment
  • Gender Wage Gap
  • American Revolution
  • Illegal Immigration

Students also browse

  • Satire Essay
  • Exploratory Essay
  • Argumentative Essay
  • Problem Solution Essay
  • Profile Essay
  • Rhetorical Analysis Essay
  • Evaluation Essay
  • Informative Essay
  • Autobiography Essays
  • Synthesis Essay

We use cookies to personalyze your web-site experience. By continuing we’ll assume you board with our cookie policy .

  • Instructions Followed To The Letter
  • Deadlines Met At Every Stage
  • Unique And Plagiarism Free

example of cause and effect research paper

COMMENTS

  1. Guide to Writing a Cause and Effect Essay: Tips and Examples

    Words and phrases such as "because," "as a result," "therefore," and "consequently" can help signal the cause and effect relationships in your writing. 5. Proofreading and Editing. After completing the initial draft of your essay, take the time to thoroughly proofread and edit your work. Look out for any grammar, spelling, or ...

  2. Step-by-Step Guide to Writing a Cause and Effect Essay

    Each paragraph should focus on a single cause or effect, providing clear explanations and supporting evidence. It is important to use transitional words and phrases to guide the reader through the essay, making connections between causes and effects. Additionally, proper organization is key in a cause and effect essay.

  3. Cause and Effect Essay Outline: Types, Examples & Writing Tips

    Cause #1. Cause #2. Cause #3 (and so on…) The effect of the causes. Conclusion. 2. One cause, many effects. This type of cause and effect essay is constructed to show the various effects of a particular event, problem, or decision. Once again, you will have to demonstrate your comprehensive knowledge and analytical mastery of the field.

  4. 8 Cause and Effect Essay Examples to Help You Get Started

    Research and Gather Evidence: Gather relevant data, statistics, examples, and expert opinions to support your arguments. Strong evidence enhances the credibility of your essay. Outline Your Essay: Create a structured outline that outlines the introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion. This will provide a clear roadmap for your essay and ...

  5. 10.8 Cause and Effect

    The purpose of the cause-and-effect essay is to determine how various phenomena relate in terms of origins and results. Sometimes the connection between cause and effect is clear, but often determining the exact relationship between the two is very difficult. For example, the following effects of a cold may be easily identifiable: a sore throat ...

  6. Cause and Effect Essay

    Cause and effect essays aim to explain the connections between various occurrences and explain the reasons behind certain outcomes. They often require critical thinking, careful analysis, and the use of evidence and examples to support arguments. You may confuse cause-and-effect essays with compare and contrast essays.

  7. 4.3: Cause and Effect

    Sourced from LibreTexts , licensed under CC BY-NC-SA . 4.3: Cause and Effect is shared under a CC BY-NC-SA license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by LibreTexts. A cause is something that produces an event or condition; an effect is what results from an event or condition. The purpose of the cause-and-effect essay is to determine how ...

  8. Cause and Effect Essay Examples Free

    Free Cause and Effect Essay Examples. 146 samples. The title of this essay genre dispels all your concerns about the needed contents. You should build the link between two events or phenomena based on their cause-and-effect relationships. Mind that if one comes after another does not necessarily mean there is causality between them.

  9. A Step-by-Step Guide for Writing

    Thesis Statement: Clearly state the main cause and its corresponding effects. Example: 'This essay will explore the causes of stress and their profound negative effects on physical and mental health.' II. Body Paragraphs. A. Causes. Topic Sentence: Introduce the first cause you'll discuss. Example: 'One major cause of stress is heavy workload.'

  10. Cause and Effect Essay

    Cause and Effect. Write a paper discussing what you think may be the cause or causes of an important problem or trend (not an event or a fad). ... Example: Red Tide in the Gulf Coast is caused by cruise ships dumping garbage and waste. ... Do some research if you need more information. Arrange your ideas about the causes you have selected in a ...

  11. Writing Cause and Effect Papers

    Cause and effect papers use analysis to examine the reasons for and the outcomes of situations. They are an attempt to discover either the origins of something, such as an event or a decision, the effects or results that can be properly attributed to it, or both. Cause and effect papers answer questions like the following ("A" is your topic):

  12. Definition and Examples of Cause and Effect in Essays

    In composition, cause and effect is a method of paragraph or essay development in which a writer analyzes the reasons for—and/or the consequences of—an action, event, or decision. A cause-and-effect paragraph or essay can be organized in various ways. For instance, causes and/or effects can be arranged in either chronological order or ...

  13. Cause & effect essays

    A cause and effect essay looks at the reasons (or causes) for something, then discusses the results (or effects). For this reason, cause and effect essays are sometimes referred to as reason and result essays. They are one of the most common forms of organisation in academic writing. Sometimes the whole essay will be cause and effect, though ...

  14. Cause and Effect Essay Outline

    Typically, the cause and effect essay layout contains an introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Here is the complete outline format structure of a cause and effect writing: Section 1 - Introduction. A hook statement that grabs the audience's attention. Basic historical information about the topic.

  15. 137 Intriguing Cause & Effect Essay Topics for Students

    137 Intriguing Cause & Effect Essay Topics for Students. Teach critical thinking, logic, and the art of persuasion. Cause-and-effect essays aren't just a way to help students strengthen their writing skills. They'll also learn critical thinking, logic, and the art of persuasion. In addition, they teach students to demonstrate how one thing ...

  16. How To Write Cause And Effect Essay: Writing Guide

    2 How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay. 2.1 Choose the Topic You Like. 2.1.1 Fun Cause and Effect Essay Topics. 2.1.2 Interesting Cause and Effect Essay Topics. 2.1.3 List Of Great Cause and Effect Essay Topics For College. 2.2 Do Proper Research. 2.3 Determine Causes and Effects. 2.4 Start With an Outline.

  17. How to Write a Cause-and-Effect Essay

    How to Write a Cause-and-Effect Essay. Written by MasterClass. Last updated: Jun 7, 2021 • 2 min read. Cause-and-effect essay structure is a way of exploring relationships between ideas and events.

  18. Cause and Effect Essay Examples

    A cause and effect essay is a type of essay that explores how an event came into being and what transpires because of that event. We guide you through writing one with examples. ... Sample Cause and Effect Essay Introduction. As with other essays, the intro paragraph acts as the space for you to introduce your subject. With a cause and effect ...

  19. Causal Research: Definition, examples and how to use it

    For example, the effect of truancy on a student's grade point average. The independent variable is therefore class attendance. Control variables; These are the components that remain unchanged during the experiment so researchers can better understand what conditions create a cause-and-effect relationship. Causation

  20. Thinking Clearly About Correlations and Causation: Graphical Causal

    For example, Turkheimer and Harden (2014) investigated whether religiosity has a causal effect on delinquency and found a negative correlation when they simply correlated the variables across their whole sample. Although a causal effect might seem plausible—many religions try to encourage ethical behavior and are embedded in supportive social ...

  21. Correlation vs. Causation

    Revised on June 22, 2023. Correlation means there is a statistical association between variables. Causation means that a change in one variable causes a change in another variable. In research, you might have come across the phrase "correlation doesn't imply causation.". Correlation and causation are two related ideas, but understanding ...

  22. Cause and Effect Essays Examples

    The attacks were carried out by Islamic extremists who hijacked four commercial airplanes, crashing two of them into the World Trade Center in New…. 9/11 Osama Bin Laden. 1 2 … 8. Absolutely free Cause and Effect Essays examples provided by straight-A students. Variety of topics to choose from, easy to download.