pennsylvania bar essay topics

Bar Examination Resources

  • Introduction
  • The Bar Exam

Bar Admission Rules

Application information, bar exam components, sample essay questions, bar exam results.

  • Pennsylvania Board of Law Examiners
  • Other State Bar Exams
  • Bar Review Courses
  • Listing of All Rules and Regulations
  • Bar Exam Application Info As a rule, the bar exam is always held on the last Tuesday and Wednesday of every February and July.

July 2019

July 30-31

February 2020

Feb 25-26

July 2020***

July 28-29***

February 2021

Feb 23-24

July 2021

Jul 27-28

*** Important Notice re:  July 2020 PA Bar Exam :  In light of COVID-19, the July 2020 PA Bar Exam has been moved to September 9 and 10, 2020.  The Pennsylvania Supreme Court has authorized a limited license for July 2020 PA Bar Exam applicants.  More information can be found here .

  • Components and Subjects:
  • Business Organizations (including corporations, partnerships, limited liability companies, and professional corporations)
  • Employment Discrimination (limited to Title VII, ADA, and ADEA)
  • Professional Responsibility
  • Civil Procedure (Pennsylvania and federal)
  • Evidence (Pennsylvania and federal)
  • Real Property
  • Criminal Law (including related Pennsylvania and federal constitutional issues and DUI)
  • Conflict of Laws
  • Federal Constitutional Law
  • U.C.C., Art. II — Sales
  • Federal Income Taxes (personal only and limited to taxable and non-taxable income, deductions, proprietorships, and capital transactions)
  • Wills, Trusts and Decedents' Estates (including related fiduciary responsibilities)
  • PERFORMANCE TEST: one Performance Test (PT) question, developed by the Board, may be used in lieu of a Multistate Performance Test question as a component of the essay portion of the bar examination. The Performance Test (PT) is intended to test an applicant's ability to use basic skills that a lawyer should possess to perform a task that a newly admitted attorney would be expected to perform.
  • Civil Procedure
  • Constitutional Law
  • Criminal Law & Procedure
  • Recent Pennsylvania Bar Exam Questions Links to the past 3 years of sample essay questions, answers, and examiners' analysis.
  • Passing Standards The six answers to the essay examination and the PT (valued at 1.5 times an essay question) will be graded, totaled and scaled to the MBE. The combined essay and PT scores will be weighted at 55%, and the MBE score will be weighted at 45% of the total scaled score. The scaled scores of the PT/essay examination and MBE will then be combined to determine whether a scaled score of 272 or higher has been attained.
  • Bar Exam Results Results of the February Bar Exam will be released in April, and the July Bar Exam in October.
  • Pennsylvania Bar Exam Statistics All files are in PDF format.
  • Pennsylvania MPRE Information
  • Preparing for the MPRE The MPRE is a two-hour, 60-question multiple-choice examination developed by NCBE that is administered three times per year.

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Pennsylvania Board of Law Examiners

601 Commonwealth Ave., Suite 3600

P.O Box 62535

Harrisburg, PA 17106-2535

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Pennsylvania Board of Law Examiners

Pennsylvania Judicial Center

601 Commonwealth Ave., Suite 3600

Harrisburg, PA 17120-0901

Phone: (717) 231-3350
Fax: (717) 231-3351
​Office Hours: Monday - Friday 9:00am- 4:00pm
Closed for Court Holiday
E-mail (technical issues only): 
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Home » Bar Exam » States » The Pennsylvania Bar Exam | The Ultimate Guide (2024)

The Pennsylvania Bar Exam | The Ultimate Guide (2024)

Independence National Historic Park - Home of the Pennsylvania Bar

The Pennsylvania Bar Exam adopted the Uniform Bar Exam (UBE®) in July 2022. The UBE is divided into three sections—the Multistate Bar Examination (MBE®), the Multistate Performance Test (MPT®), and the Multistate Essay Examination (MEE®).

Bar candidates that may want to eventually practice law in another state benefit from score portability between the 41 jurisdictions that have adopted the UBE. This article provides every piece of information you need regarding PA bar exam results, dates, deadlines, fees, applications, and more.

Pennsylvania Bar Exam Structure

The Uniform Bar Exam is administered over two days and consists of a writing section (MPT/MEE) and a multiple-choice section (MBE).

  • Day 1 : MPT/MEE
  • Day 2 : MBE

The MPT is weighted at 20% of the UBE and is administered on day one. Examinees are provided with faux case files imitating realistic scenarios and a folder with various legal documents, which they must use to respond to assignments.

The MEE is weighted at 30% of the UBE and is administered on day one. Examinees have 3 hours to answer six 30-minute essay questions.

The MBE is weighted at 50% of the UBE, making it the most heavily weighted section of the PA Bar Exam. Examinees will have two 3-hour sessions to answer a total of 200 multiple-choice questions.

Pennsylvania Bar Exam Dates, Requirements, and Scheduling

Preparing your application for the Pennsylvania Bar Exam and submitting it before the first deadline will save you hundreds of dollars. Applications open on September 1, 2023, and January 3, 2024, for the 2024 February and July exams, respectively.

The Pennsylvania State Bar Exam offers three late filing deadlines. Fees increase gradually within each filing period. However, the difference between timely filing and the final filing period is steep—$850.

Filing Periods February 27-28, 2024 July 30-31, 2024 Fee
Application Opens September 1, 2023 January 3, 2024 N/A
Timely Filing Deadline October 30, 2023 April 15, 2024 $650
First Late Filing November 15, 2023 April 30, 2024 $800
Second Late Filing November 30, 2023 May 15, 2024 $1,100
Final Late Filing December 15, 2023 May 30, 2024 $1,500

To be eligible to sit for the PA bar exam, you must meet the following general requirements:

  • Have received an undergraduate degree from an accredited college or university, or completed a level of education which, in the opinion of the Board, is equivalent to an undergraduate college or a university education.
  • Have completed the study of law at and earned a Bachelor of Law or JD degree from an accredited law school, or one that was accredited at the time the applicant enrolled or graduated.
  • Can present a certificate of good standing from the highest court or the agency having jurisdiction over admission to the bar and the practice of law in every state or jurisdiction where the applicant has been admitted to practice law.

Foreign attorneys may also be eligible to sit for the PA Bar Exam provided they meet all of the requirements under Pennsylvania Bar Examiners’ Rule 205 - Admission of Foreign Attorneys and Graduates of Foreign Institutions .

To apply for the Pennsylvania Bar Exam, you must:

  • Register with the Pennsylvania Board of Law Examiners
  • Complete an online application using their web portal ,
  • Create a login account,
  • File an online application and,
  • Schedule your exam date.

Click here to increase your MBE score by 20 points or more with UWorld's MBE QBank.

Pennsylvania Bar Exam Costs and Fees

Each of Pennsylvania's three late filing deadlines triggers higher and higher late fees. If you apply to take the Pennsylvania Bar Exam, we recommend submitting your application early, as it costs nearly three times as much to file during the final period.

Timely Bar Exam Application Fee
First Time $650
Re-application $650
Late Fees –
Filed Oct 31 – Nov 15 $150
Filed between November 16-30 $350
Filed between December 1-15 $850
Late Fees –
Filed between April 16-30 $150
Filed between May 1-15 $350
Filed between May 16-30 $850
Computer Based Testing Application filed after the bar exam $50
Admission by Bar Examination Score Transfer $650
Application for Admission by Reciprocity $1325
Supplemental Application for Character and Fitness Determination $325
Computer Based Testing $115
MBE Score Transfer $30
Copy of Completed Application $30
Corrective Certificate $50
Duplicate Bar Examination Results Packet $30

Certified checks, corporate checks, cashier's checks, and money orders must be made payable to the "Pennsylvania Board of Law Examiners." Otherwise, applicants must pay fees via credit card upon online filing. Payments are non-refundable and non-transferable.

Bar exam costs can quickly add up. Thankfully, scholarships and grants are available to help reduce the financial burden of pursuing a legal license.

Many Pennsylvania area organizations, including universities, foundations, and law firms, offer law students in the region various scholarships and grants to help with legal education and bar exam costs. For example, The Pennsylvania Bar Foundation annually provides several compelling scholarships and grants to PA law students.

Temple University’s Beasley School of Law has done an excellent job compiling a host of scholarships and grants here: Outside Scholarships - Temple Law .

We strongly encourage all candidates who plan on taking the Pennsylvania Bar Exam to apply to as many of these scholarships as possible for which they are eligible.

Pennsylvania Bar Exam Subjects and Topics

The PA bar exam tests an examinee's ability to analyze and reason alongside their knowledge and understanding of fundamental legal principles. Furthermore, since Pennsylvania has adopted the UBE, a successful exam score represents one's competency and readiness to practice law in the 40 other participating jurisdictions.

Multistate Essay Exam (MEE)

The MEE consists of six essay questions. Each question involves one or more of the subjects listed below. Some subjects may be paired together. Other subjects could be omitted. While it's impossible to know which subjects the National Conference of Bar Examiners (NCBE®) will choose on any given exam version, some have been tested more frequently than others, historically.

For example, Civil Procedure has appeared on nearly every MEE in the past decade, while Criminal Law has only appeared several times. However, subjects that occur less frequently on their own may be paired with others

  • Business Associations
  • Civil Procedure
  • Conflict of Laws
  • Constitutional Law
  • Criminal Law and Procedure
  • Real Property
  • Secured Transactions
  • Trusts and Estates

Check out our MEE Subject Matter Outline for detailed explanations of MEE subjects and sub-topics.

Multistate Bar Exam (MBE)

The MBE tests the following subjects across two 100-question sessions:

  • Contracts/Sales
  • Criminal Law/Procedure
  • Federal Civil Procedure

You may find a complete list of subjects and subtopics here: MBE Subject Matter Outline .

Multistate Performance Test (MPT)

The PA Bar Exam tests applicants with two 90-minute performance legal case scenarios challenging them to determine the correct course of action an attorney should take in response to the case details. The questions will provide detailed instructions, factual data, statutes, and other references to assess your ability to use legal analysis to distinguish between relevant and irrelevant case facts. In a nutshell, the MPT assesses your ability to think like a lawyer.

UWorld MBE Sample Questions

Quality speaks for itself. Try some of our free MBE sample questions below.

Select a Question sample.

  • Competitors

A husband and wife were married in State A and lived there for 10 years before separating. One month later, the wife permanently moved to State B and immediately filed for divorce in a federal court in State B. The wife claims that she is entitled to $300,000 in alimony. The husband appeared in the action and has filed a motion to dismiss for lack of subject-matter jurisdiction.

Should the court grant the motion?

  • No, because the court has diversity jurisdiction over the case.
  • No, because the husband waived a subject-matter jurisdiction challenge by appearing in the case.
  • Yes, because state courts have exclusive jurisdiction over this type of action.
  • Yes, because the wife did not establish a domicile in State B.

Explanation:

Federal courts cannot exercise diversity jurisdiction over cases involving:

A federal court must possess subject-matter jurisdiction to hear the merits of a case before it. Subject-matter jurisdiction can be established through either:

  • federal-question jurisdiction – when a claim arises under the U.S. Constitution, a treaty, or federal law (not seen here) or
  • diversity jurisdiction – when the amount in controversy exceeds $75,000 and the opposing parties are citizens of different states.

Here, diversity jurisdiction is established since the wife claims that she is entitled to $300,000 and the parties are citizens of different states (States A and B). However, federal courts cannot exercise diversity jurisdiction over cases involving probate matters or domestic relations . Instead, state courts have exclusive jurisdiction over these types of actions (Choice A) .* Therefore, the husband's motion to dismiss should be granted.

(Choice B) A challenge to subject-matter jurisdiction is never waived . However, a challenge to personal jurisdiction is waived if the defendant has voluntarily appeared in the case, unless it was a special appearance for the express purpose of objecting to personal jurisdiction.

(Choice D) An individual is a citizen of the state where he/she is domiciled—ie, physically present with the intent to remain indefinitely. Since the wife permanently moved to State B, she has established her domicile there.

Educational objective: Federal courts cannot exercise diversity jurisdiction over cases involving probate matters or domestic relations. Instead, state courts have exclusive jurisdiction over these types of cases.

Bluebook Citations :

  • Ankenbrandt v. Richards, 504 U.S. 689, 703–04 (1992) (explaining the domestic-relations exception to diversity jurisdiction).

A congressional committee investigated the pharmaceutical industry and found that the high cost of prescription drugs purchased and sold in the United States negatively impacted the nation's economy and the health of its citizens. In response, Congress passed a statute that regulates "the retail prices of every purchase or sale of prescription drugs in the United States."

A group of pharmaceutical companies challenged the constitutionality of this statute in federal court.

What is the strongest argument in support of the constitutionality of this statute?

  • Congress may enact statutes for the general welfare.
  • Congress may regulate the prices of all domestic purchases and sales of goods.
  • The Constitution grants Congress the power to regulate the interstate transportation of prescription drugs.
  • The purchases and sales of prescription drugs in the United States substantially impact interstate commerce in the aggregate.

Commerce clause challenge

The commerce clause gives Congress broad power to regulate interstate and foreign commerce . This includes:

  • the channels of interstate and foreign commerce (eg, roadways)
  • the instrumentalities of interstate and foreign commerce (eg, vehicles)
  • persons and things moving in interstate or foreign commerce (eg, goods and services) and
  • in-state activities that, singly or in the aggregate, substantially impact interstate or foreign commerce.

Since Congress's commerce power is broad, federal statutes are constitutional if there is any rational basis for concluding that the regulated activity substantially affects interstate or foreign commerce. This can be shown through express congressional findings.

Here, the federal statute regulates the retail prices of prescription drugs in the United States. Congress has the authority to regulate such products' interstate transportation, but this statute also regulates in-state purchases and sales (Choice C) . Since the congressional committee found that the high cost of prescription drugs negatively impacted the nation's economy, it is rational to conclude that their aggregated in-state purchases and sales substantially impact interstate commerce. Therefore, this is the strongest argument to support this statute.

(Choice A) The taxing and spending clause empowers Congress to tax and spend for the general welfare. But regulating prices is not equivalent to taxing or spending.

(Choice B) Congress cannot regulate the prices of every domestic purchase and sale of goods since it cannot regulate purely in-state sales that do not substantially affect interstate commerce.

Educational objective: The commerce clause empowers Congress to regulate (1) channels and instrumentalities of, (2) persons and things moving in, and (3) in-state activities that—singly or in the aggregate—substantially affect interstate or foreign commerce.

  • Gonzales v. Raich, 545 U.S. 1, 17 (2005) (explaining Congress's broad authority under the commerce clause).

The owner of a new office building contracted with a well-known landscaper to design and install landscaping around the building for $30,000. The agreement was memorialized in writing, was signed by both parties, and called for a budget of $5,000 for trees, shrubs, sod, and materials. The contract required the landscaper to complete the work within six months. Due to an unexpected increase in the price of trees and shrubs, the landscaper abandoned the project and never completed any of the work.

Three years after the landscaper's deadline, the building owner sued the landscaper for breach of contract. In the jurisdiction, the statute of limitations for breach of a services contract is two years after the breach, and the statute of limitations for breach of a sale-of-goods contract is four years.

Can the owner recover damages from the landscaper?

  • No, because the contract is divisible with respect to the services and goods, and the landscaper's breach is therefore subject to the two-year statute of limitations.
  • No, because the contract primarily calls for services, and the landscaper's breach is therefore subject to the two-year statute of limitations.
  • Yes, because the landscaper's breach was a result of an increase in the price of goods, and his breach is therefore subject to the four-year statute of limitations.
  • Yes, because the landscaper's breach was willful, and he is therefore estopped from denying that his breach is subject to the four-year statute of limitations.

Factors for determining contract's predominant purpose

Contracts for the sale of goods are governed by Article 2 of the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) , while contracts for services are governed by common law . However, some contracts involve the sale of goods and the rendering of services. To determine which law applies to a "mixed" or "hybrid" contract, courts ask whether its predominant purpose was the sale of goods or the rendering of services. The following factors are relevant to this determination:

  • The contract's language
  • The nature of the supplier's business (ie, whether it typically provides goods or services)
  • The relative value of the goods and services
  • The nature of the final product (ie, whether it can be described as a good or service)

Here, the building owner contracted to buy goods (eg, trees, shrubs, sod) and services (ie, designing and installing the landscaping). The owner likely hired the well-known landscaper due to his skill in performing landscaping services, and the $5,000 budget for goods was just one-sixth of the $30,000 contract price. Therefore, the contract primarily calls for services and is subject to the jurisdiction's two-year statute of limitations. And since the owner sued three years after the breach, the owner cannot recover damages from the landscaper.

(Choice A) The predominant-purpose test is unnecessary when a contract is divisible—ie, when the payment for goods can easily be separated from the payment for services. But here, the contract is likely indivisible since it combined the sale of the trees, shrubs, and sod with their installation.

(Choices C & D) The predominant-purpose test focuses on the parties' reason for entering the contract—not for breaching it. Therefore, it is irrelevant that the landscaper's breach was (1) a result of an increase in the price of goods or (2) willful.

Educational objective : Sale-of-goods contracts are governed by the UCC, while services contracts are governed by common law. When a contract calls for the sale of goods AND the rendering of services, the contract's primary purpose determines whether the UCC or common law applies.

  • Bonebrake v. Cox, 499 F.2d 951, 960 (8th Cir. 1974) (applying the predominant-purpose test to determine which statute of limitations applies to a mixed contract for goods and services).
  • Princess Cruises, Inc. v. Gen. Elec. Co., 143 F.3d 828, 833 (4th Cir. 1998) (listing factors that courts consider when applying the predominant-purpose test).

A man and a woman dated for several weeks. During that time, the man repeatedly asked the woman to have sex. Each time, the woman responded that she would not have sex with the man unless they were married. One evening, the man promised the woman that they would elope the following weekend if she would agree to have sex. The woman agreed and the couple had sex. The following weekend, the man told the woman that he had no intention of eloping and only made that promise to get the woman's consent. The woman reported the man to the police, who later arrested and charged the man with rape.

Is the man guilty of rape?

  • No, because fraud in factum did not negate the woman's consent.
  • No, because fraud in the inducement did not negate the woman's consent.
  • Yes, because the woman's consent was obtained by fraud in factum.
  • Yes, because the woman's consent was obtained by fraud in the inducement.
of act—eg, doctor convinces patient that sexual act is part of medical exam that he/she is consenting to sexual intercourse Negates victim's consent
is an act of sexual intercourse—eg, defendant promises marriage in exchange for sex that he/she is consenting to sexual intercourse Does not negate victim's consent

In most modern jurisdictions, rape is defined as sexual intercourse with another without that person's consent.* This means that rape did not occur if the victim consented to sexual intercourse. However, a victim's consent may be ineffective if it was obtained by fraud . There are two types of fraud:

  • Fraud in factum – when consent is obtained by fraud regarding the nature of the act itself, leaving the victim unaware that he/she consented to sexual intercourse and negating the victim's consent
  • Fraud in the inducement – when consent is obtained by fraud regarding what the victim knows is an act of sexual intercourse, which does not negate the victim's consent

As a result, consent obtained by fraud in factum is not a valid defense to rape, but consent obtained by fraud in the inducement is a valid defense.

Here, the man falsely promised the woman that they would elope if she agreed to have sex with him. Since the woman knew that the act to which she consented was sexual intercourse, her consent was obtained by fraud in the inducement (Choices A & C) . This type of fraud did not negate the woman's consent, so the man is not guilty of rape (Choice D) .

Educational objective: Fraud in factum occurs when the fraud pertains to the nature of the act itself and negates a rape victim's consent. In contrast, fraud in the inducement occurs when fraud is used to gain consent to what the victim knows is an act of sexual intercourse and does not negate the victim's consent.

A plaintiff sued a defendant for negligence to recover damages that the plaintiff suffered as a result of a crash between the two parties. At trial, the plaintiff's attorney called the plaintiff's wife to testify as to what she witnessed on the day of the crash. On cross-examination of the wife, the defendant's lawyer elicited several responses that tended to show that the plaintiff's actions constituted contributory negligence. The plaintiff's attorney seeks to ask the wife several questions on redirect examination, but the defendant's attorney objected.

What is the strongest argument that the court must allow redirect examination of the wife?

  • The plaintiff's attorney failed to provide all significant information on direct examination.
  • The plaintiff's attorney seeks to reiterate the necessary elements of the claim.
  • The plaintiff's attorney seeks to reply to all matters raised on cross-examination.
  • The plaintiff's attorney seeks to reply to significant new matters raised on cross-examination.

Sequence and scope of witness examination

Federal Rule of Evidence 611 gives trial courts the authority to exercise reasonable control over the mode and order of examining witnesses at trial. This includes the discretion to determine whether—and to what extent—redirect examination of witnesses should be permitted. But when a party raises a significant new matter while cross-examining a witness, the court must allow the opposing party to address that matter through redirect examination .

Therefore, the strongest argument for allowing redirect examination of the plaintiff's wife is that the plaintiff's attorney seeks to reply to significant new matters that were raised on cross-examination.

(Choice A) A party is expected to elicit all significant information during direct examination of a witness. Therefore, a court need not permit redirect examination to allow the party to provide information inadvertently omitted on direct examination.

(Choices B & C) Redirect examination is generally limited to significant new matters raised on cross-examination. Therefore, a party is not entitled to redirect examination to (1) reiterate information like the necessary elements of the claim or (2) reply to all matters addressed in cross-examination.

Educational objective: When a party raises a significant new matter on cross-examination of a witness, the court must allow redirect examination by the opposing party to address that matter.

  • Fed. R. Evid. 611 (explaining the mode and order of examining witnesses).

Twenty years ago, a man who owned a 20-acre ranch agreed to sell all of his mineral rights to his neighbor. The man executed a warranty deed conveying the mineral estate to the neighbor, who failed to record the deed.

The following year, a woman moved her mobile home onto an undeveloped five-acre portion of the man's ranch. After the woman had lived on the property for 10 years, a local drilling company began operations on a nearby tract to drill a natural gas well. Believing that the woman owned the property, the drilling company approached the woman about leasing the mineral rights on her property and requested that the woman sign a lease of her mineral rights. The woman signed the lease as requested, and it was promptly and properly recorded. The drilling operations were successful, and the drilling company prepared to distribute profits from royalties. However, a dispute arose between the neighbor and the woman, as both parties claim ownership of the minerals.

The period of time to acquire title by adverse possession in the jurisdiction is 10 years.

In an action to determine title, is the court likely to award title to the mineral estate to the woman?

  • No, because the woman actually possessed only the surface estate that had previously been severed from the mineral estate.
  • No, because the woman did not actually possess the mineral estate until she signed the lease of the mineral rights.
  • Yes, because the neighbor failed to record the warranty deed conveying the mineral estate.
  • Yes, because the woman adversely possessed both the surface estate and the mineral estate for the statutory period.

Adverse possession of a mineral state

An adverse possessor can acquire title to land owned by another if his/her possession of the land is:

  • O pen and notorious – apparent or visible to a reasonable owner
  • C ontinuous – uninterrupted for the statutory period
  • E xclusive – not shared with the owner
  • A ctual – physical presence on the land and
  • N onpermissive – hostile and adverse to the owner.

If the surface and mineral estates are owned by the same party , then the adverse possessor will acquire title to both estates —even if only one estate is actually possessed. But if the mineral estate has been severed from the surface estate (ie, the surface and mineral estates are owned by different parties ), then the adverse possessor will only acquire title to the estate that is actually possessed . The mineral estate is actually possessed when the adverse possessor mines or drills wells on the land.

Here, the neighbor purchased the mineral estate from the man, thereby severing the mineral estate from the surface estate. And since the woman merely lived on the property for the 10-year statutory period—she did not attempt to mine or drill a well on the mineral estate—she actually possessed only the surface estate during that time (Choice D) . This means that the woman did not adversely possess the mineral estate, and the court is not likely to award her title to that estate.

(Choice B) Adverse possession of a mineral estate requires the commencement of drilling or mining operations. Merely signing a lease of the mineral rights is not enough.

(Choice C) A deed need not be recorded to be valid, so the neighbor's failure to record has no impact on whether the woman adversely possessed the mineral estate.

Educational objective: If a mineral estate has previously been severed from the surface estate (ie, surface and minerals owned by different persons), then an adverse possessor can only acquire title to the mineral estate by actually possessing the minerals (eg, by mining or drilling wells).

A teenager was riding a bicycle when she saw a classmate walking toward her. The teenager rode quickly toward the classmate, knowing that he would think she would run into him on her current trajectory. The teenager was not purposefully trying to harm or touch him. The classmate saw the teenager riding toward him and yelled at her to stop. The teenager swerved at the last moment and avoided hitting him. The classmate had a panic attack because he thought that the teenager would hit him.

Is the classmate likely to succeed if he sues the teenager for assault?

  • No, because the teenager did not make contact with the classmate.
  • No, because the teenager did not purposefully try to harm or touch the classmate.
  • Yes, because the teenager acted with the requisite intent.
  • Yes, because the teenager's conduct was extreme and outrageous.

Two types of intent

Assault occurs when (1) a defendant  intends  to cause the plaintiff to  anticipate an imminent, and harmful or offensive, contact  with the plaintiff's person and (2) the defendant's affirmative conduct causes the plaintiff to anticipate such contact. The intent requirement is met when the defendant acts with either:

  • purpose  – the  desire  to cause anticipation of an imminent harmful or offensive contact  or
  • knowledge  – the  substantial certainty  that the plaintiff will suffer such anticipation.

Here, the teenager rode her bicycle directly at her classmate, causing him to think that she would hit him (anticipation of imminent contact). And since the teenager knew with  substantial certainty  that the classmate would think she would run into him, she acted with the requisite intent. As a result, the classmate is likely to succeed in a suit against the teenager for assault.

(Choice A) Assault merely requires that the plaintiff be placed in  anticipation  of imminent contact. Actual bodily contact is not required. Therefore, the fact that the teenager did not make contact with the classmate is irrelevant.

(Choice B) The intent to make contact with the plaintiff is a requirement for  battery , but assault merely requires the intent to cause the plaintiff to  anticipate  imminent contact. Therefore, the fact that the teenager did not purposefully try to harm or touch the classmate does not absolve her of liability for assault.

(Choice D) Extreme and outrageous conduct (i.e., conduct that is unacceptable in civilized society) is an element of intentional infliction of emotional distress —not assault, which only requires intentional conduct.

Educational objective: For assault, intent exists when a defendant acts with the purpose (desire) or knowledge (substantial certainty) that his/her conduct will cause the plaintiff to anticipate an imminent, and harmful or offensive, contact.

  • Restatement (Third) of Torts: Intentional Torts to Persons § 105 (Am. L. Inst., Tentative Draft No. 1, 2015) (providing the elements for assault).

Take a look at a typical competitor sample question below. Their practice questions might parody the exam, but ours consistently meet or exceed exam-level difficulty. Their limited explanations address the right answer choice but do not go the extra mile to explain the wrong choices – so you don’t make the same mistakes on exam day.

A mother gave her land to her two kids, a son, and a daughter, as joint tenants. The son built two adjoining homes on the land. He lived in one house and rented the other. The daughter lived out of the country and never visited the land. The daughter needed money, so she sold her interest in the land to her ex-boyfriend. Her ex-boyfriend immediately hired a developer to build a third home on the land. Soon after the daughter had sold her interest in the land, she was killed in a motorcycle accident. The ex-boyfriend is now asking the court for a judicial partition of the land. The son contends that upon his sister's death, he was now the sole owner of the land.

How should the court rule?

  • For the ex-boyfriend, because he plans to live on the land.
  • For the ex-boyfriend, because he paid for the son’s interest in the land.
  • For the son, because he has the right of survivorship.
  • For the son, because he has the sole position of the land.

Correct answer: B

Pennsylvania Bar Exam Scoring/Grading

To be admitted into the Pennsylvania Bar, applicants must pass the UBE with a minimum scaled score of 272 out of 400. Exam weightage is divided between the three sections as follows:

The MEE and MPT are combined into half the weight of the test and graded as such. Therefore, the writing section (MEE/MPT) and the multiple-choice section (MBE) each comprise 50%, or 200 points, of your total scaled score. If you do poorly on one section of the exam, you can make up for it on the other, as long as these scores combine to a sum of 272 or more.

Note that getting 136 of 200 MPT questions correct does not necessarily mean you've earned 136 scaled points. Scaled scoring is employed to ensure fairness across exam versions. This scoring model is true for all three sections of the bar exam.

For example, July's exam may be more difficult than February's. It would be unfair to allow someone to pass or fail based on the relative difficulty of their exam version. Therefore, examinees' raw scores are transformed into scaled scores through a statistical method called equating. Unfortunately, the NCBE does not release data on the calculations it uses to determine scaled scores.

Pennsylvania MPRE Minimum Passing Score

Before you can practice law in Pennsylvania, you must also pass the Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination (MPRE®), which you must take before submitting your bar application. All PA bar applicants must earn a scaled score of 75 to be admitted to the Pennsylvania Bar.

Pennsylvania Bar Exam Pass Rates

As is typical with bar exams across the country, the Pennsylvania Bar Exam's repeater pass rate is markedly lower than the first-timer pass rate. This phenomenon is likely because many examinees who failed the first time haven't changed their study habits significantly.

Exam Overall Pass Rate First-Timer Pass Rate Repeater Pass Rate Results Release Date
July 2023 71% 79% 33% October 6, 2023
Feb 2022 44% 55% 37% April 6, 2023

Below are the annual pass rates for the Pennsylvania Bar Exam since 2016 divided into first-time examinees and repeaters:

Exam First Timers Repeaters Overall
Year No Of Candidates Pass Rate No Of Candidates Pass Rate No Of Candidates Pass Rate
2022 1,381 73% 445 27% 1,826 62%
2021 1,290 75% 438 33% 1,728 64%
2020 1,290 80% 468 39% 1,758 69%
2019 1,315 80% 465 40% 1,780 69%
2018 1,351 77% 457 33% 1,808 66%
2017 1,287 80% 578 41% 1,865 68%
2016 1,636 75% 564 38% 2,200 66%

Pennsylvania Bar Exam Results

Pennsylvania Bar Exam results are typically released in mid-April and mid-October for the February and July exams, respectively. The July 2023 exam results were released on October 6, 2023, and April 6, 2023, for the February 2023 exam.

Pennsylvania Bar Exam Reciprocity

Admission by mbe score transfer.

Pennsylvania does not accept MBE scores from exams taken in other jurisdictions. Still, an applicant who is a member in good standing in another jurisdiction may be admitted on motion if they have actively practiced or taught law for five of the seven years preceding their application.

Admission by UBE Score Transfer

Beginning in August 2022, Pennsylvania began accepting transferred UBE scores of 270 or higher, as long as those scores are submitted within 30 months of taking their exam.

Visit Reciprocity Information - List of Reciprocal states for a full list of states with and without PA Bar Exam reciprocity.

What Makes the Pennsylvania Bar Exam Unique?

Although some UBE jurisdictions, such as New York and Massachusetts, add state-specific testing to their exams, Pennsylvania will not be adding this component to the PA Bar Exam. Also, Pennsylvania will keep its minimum passing score of 272 for all applicants who desire to practice law in Pennsylvania; most UBE jurisdictions have a minimum passing score between 260 and 280.

Foreigners may sit for the Pennsylvania Bar Exam provided that they meet the same educational requirements set by the Pennsylvania Board of Law Examiners for domestic law school graduates.

Applicants who have studied at a non-ABA-approved law school may take the exam if they have been admitted to practice law in a non-Pennsylvania jurisdiction (foreign or domestic) and is in good standing in said jurisdiction. They must also have actively practiced law for a minimum of 5 out of the 8 years immediately preceding the submission of their bar exam application.

The Pennsylvania Supreme Court answers calls Monday through Friday from 9:00 am to 4:00 pm, except for state and federal holidays.

Pennsylvania Board of Bar Examiners Contact Information
Phone Number
Fax Number 717-231-3350
Email
Address Pennsylvania Board of Law Examiners
Pennsylvania Judicial Center
601 Commonwealth Ave., Suite 3600
Harrisburg, PA 17120-0901

Pennsylvania Bar Exam FAQs

Can anyone take the bar exam in pennsylvania, how long is the pa bar exam, how many times can you take the pennsylvania bar exam.

Pennsylvania does not have a set limit on the number of times you can take the PA State Bar Exam, so if you fail the exam on your first attempt, you should revise your strategy and strive to do better the next time.

How often is the Pennsylvania bar exam offered?

What are pennsylvania bar exam application deadlines and fees, how to request special accommodations for the pennsylvania bar exam, how hard is the pennsylvania bar exam, how is the pennsylvania bar exam scored, how long does it take to study for the pennsylvania bar exam, what is the pass rate for the pennsylvania bar, what states have reciprocity with the pennsylvania bar, can foreign attorneys take the bar exam in pennsylvania.

Yes, as long as they meet all the requirements under the Board of Law Examiners Rule 205 .

Can you practice law without a law degree in Pennsylvania?

How do i become a licensed attorney in pennsylvania.

Bar Exam Results by Jurisdiction – NCBE

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Ultimate Guide to Pennsylvania State Bar Exam

Your complete guide to Pennsylvania bar exam prep.

Pass Rates · Bar Review Courses · Format · Essay Topics · Schedule · Dates · Location · Application Fees & Deadlines · What to Bring · Scores & Grading · Results · Reciprocity · Law Schools · Groups · Other Resources

*Updated January 2024

Pennsylvania State Bar Exam | Basic Information

The Pennsylvania Bar Association was formed in 1845.

Pennsylvania is one of 40+ jurisdictions that have adopted the Uniform Bar Examination (UBE). Pennsylvania first administered the UBE in July 2022. Pennsylvania also requires the Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination  (MPRE).

Pennsylvania State Bar Exam Pass Rates

July 2023 (1,373 takers).

View detailed statistics

February 2023 (537 takers)

February 2022 (336 takers), july 2021 (1,243 takers),  pennsylvania bar review courses.

Compare top Pennsylvania bar exam prep courses from Crushendo , Barbri , Themis , Kaplan , AmeriBar , and BarMax .

Crushendo Barbri Themis Kaplan AmeriBar BarMax
N/A N/A N/A
1,750+ 100+ 1,350+ 1,200+ 1,400+ 1,700+
Lifetime 8-10 weeks 4 months 4 months Up to 3 years Lifetime
3 payments $250 registration
2017 1974 2008 1938 1999 2010
(385) 482-1776 (888) 322-7274 (888) 843-6476 (626) 390-7170 (877) 942-2763 (800) 529-2651

Last updated: 1/7/23

*Cost ignores promotions and live tutoring.

Crushendo’s written and audio outlines utilize 250+ proprietary mnemonics to help you memorize everything you need to know to pass the bar exam on your first try.

Crushendo’s complete bar prep course, the UBE Suite , costs $970 and includes 1,750+ official practice questions from the NCBE.

Crushendo offers lifetime access for all of its bar exam prep products .

Adam Balinski founded Crushendo Bar Review in 2017 ( read the founding story here ).

The Harcourt publishing company founded Barbri in 1974 when it acquired two bar review programs. Since its founding, Barbri has been owned by large firms including Thomson Reuters and Leeds Equity Partners.

Barbri products have been used by more than a million law school students . In the last 20 years Barbri has settled multiple antitrust lawsuits .

Barbri’s traditional bar prep programs cost $1,999-4,199 and some include 100+ official NCBE questions from past bar exams.

Barbri offers access to its traditional, full-time bar prep course for 8-10 weeks , but early access can be purchased.

Themis Bar Review is based in Chicago and was founded in 2008 .

Themis’s bar prep program costs $2,695 and includes 1,350+ NCBE questions.

Themis offers access to its online products for four months .

Stanley Kaplan founded Kaplan, Inc. in 1938 .

Kaplan jumped into the bar review space in 2006 when it acquired PMBR , a company that provides test prep for the MBE. In 2008 Kaplan expanded its bar review offerings.

Kaplan’s bar prep programs cost $2,199-3,999 and include 1,200+  NCBE questions.

Kaplan offers access to its online products for four months .

Alexander Nakis founded AmeriBar in 1999 . It’s headquartered in Tallahassee, Florida.

AmeriBar’s bar exam prep programs cost $1,299-2,599  and include 1,400+ NCBE questions.

AmeriBar offers access to its online products for up to three years .

Michael Ghaffary and Mehran Ebadolahi founded BarMax in 2010 .

BarMax’s bar prep course costs $1,895 and includes  1,700+  NCBE questions.

BarMax offers lifetime access to its online products.

Pennsylvania Bar Exam Format

What’s the format of the ube.

The Uniform Bar Exam (UBE) is administered twice each year in Pennsylvania (in February and July). The examination is administered over two days in four, three-hour sessions. The UBE has three parts: the Multistate Bar Exam (MBE), the Multistate Essay Exam (MEE), and the Multistate Performance Test (MPT).

The MBE is a six-hour test and consists of 200 multiple-choice questions that test your understanding across seven subjects. Your MBE score comprises 50% of your overall UBE score.

Crushendo offers affordable, comprehensive written and audio outlines for MBE subjects (in addition to MEE and MPRE subjects).

Civil Procedure

Constitutional Law

Criminal Law & Procedure

The MEE consists of six 30-minute legal essays. The MEE makes up 30% of your score. Essay topics may include the following: Business Associations, Civil Procedure, Conflict of Laws, Constitutional Law, Contracts, Criminal Law and Procedure, Evidence, Family Law, Property, Secured Transactions, Torts, Trusts, Unincorporated Business Entities, Wills and Estates, etc.

Crushendo offers the most recent MEE questions and includes the point sheets that the graders used. Watch Crushendo’s free MEE tips video .

The MPT consists of two 90-minute tasks where you analyze and apply laws to specific scenarios. The MPT makes up 20% of your score. Crushendo offers the most recent MPT questions and includes the point sheets that the graders used. Watch Crushendo’s free MPT tips video .

What’s the Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination?

The Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination (MPRE) tests your understanding of established standards of conduct for lawyers. The MPRE is administered three times each year (in March, August, and November). The test consists of 60 multiple-choice questions and is two hours long. Check out this MPRE Tips video !

Upcoming Bar Exam Schedule, Dates, Location

Morning Afternoon
Day 1 MEE MPT
Day 2 MBE MBE
  • July 30–31, 2024
  • February 25–26, 2025

Pennsylvania Bar Exam Application

Are you interested in taking the Pennsylvania State bar exam? Here’s some basic information on applying to take the Pennsylvania bar exam.

Other Requirements

The Pennsylvania Bar application fee for most takers is $650. There are late fees.

*Visit the Pennsylvania Bar website for more information.

If you desire to take the bar exam in February , the filing deadline is October 30 . If you file between October 30 and November 15 , you will pay a $150 late fee. If you file between November 15 and November 30 , you will pay a $300 late fee. If you file between November 30 and December 15 , you will pay a $400 late fee. December 15 is the final deadline.

If you desire to take the bar exam in July , the filing deadline is April 15 . If you file between April 15 and April 30 , you will pay a $150 late fee. If you file between April 30 and May 15 , you will pay a $300 late fee. If you file between May 15 and May 15 , you will pay a $400 late fee. May 15 is the final deadline.

In addition to passing the Pennsylvania bar exam with a score of at least 272, there are several requirements that must be met in order to be admitted as an attorney in Pennsylvania, including:

  • Score 85 or higher on the Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination (MPRE) within the accepted time frame.
  • Character and Fitness Review
  • Graduate from an ABA-approved law school
  • Get fingerprinted

Pennsylvania State Bar Admissions Office

Physical address:

Pennsylvania Board of Law Examiners 601 Commonwealth Ave., Suite 3600 P.O Box 62535 Harrisburg, PA 17106-2535

Phone: (717) 231-3350 Fax: (717) 231-3351 Email (technical issues only):  [email protected]

Pennsylvania Bar Exam: What to Bring

What to bring

  • Your current driver’s license
  • Your Bar Examination Identification & Certification Card that has your photo, NCBE number, and examinee number

What is Provided

  • Tissues and cough drops
  • Pens or pencils
  • Feminine hygiene products

Important notes

  • You need to have these items with you for each of the four testing sessions.
  • Pens and pencils are provided to examinees.
  • Laptop testers should not bring their laptop in a case or bag.

Prohibited items

  • Any item that can connect to the internet
  • Any item that can record audio or video
  • Fitness trackers
  • Calculators
  • Food or drink
  • Scratch papers
  • Study materials

More information here .

Pennsylvania Bar Exam Scores and Grading

A passing score for the Pennsylvania bar is a 272 . Scores of the three tests comprising the bar are weighted as follows:

  • MBE = 50% of total score
  • MEE = 30% of total score
  • MPT = 20% of total score

*A passing score for the MPRE in Pennsylvania is 75/150 .

Pennsylvania Bar Review Course

Crushendo’s comprehensive UBE Suite comes with everything you need to crush the Pennsylvania Bar Exam.

  • MBE, MEE, and MPT Prep
  • 250+ Proprietary Mnemonics
  • 1,750+ Licensed NCBE Questions
  • Audio Attack Outlines
  • Audio Flashcards
  • Lifetime Access

Pennsylvania Bar Exam Results

View lists of those who passed the Pennsylvania State bar exam, posted on the Pennsylvania State Bar Association’s website:

  • February 2022

Frequently Asked Questions

When are my Pennsylvania bar exam results released?

Pennsylvania bar exam results are usually released mid-April or mid-October.

Can I see my Pennsylvania bar exam score?

If you passed the Pennsylvania bar exam, you won’t be able to see your score.

Can I appeal to have my Pennsylvania bar exam re-graded?

No, but depending on the score you get, your bar exam might be automatically re-graded. The Pennsylvania Board of Law examiners has shared that, “All applicants receiving a combined scaled score of 263-271 will be included in a re-read process and have their written answers re-read and re-graded by a different grader.”

How many times can I take the bar exam in Pennsylvania?

You can retake the Pennsylvania bar without any limit.

Pennsylvania Bar Exam Reciprocity

The following states have reciprocity with Pennsylvania:

  • Active practice of law for five of the last seven years
  • Received Certificate of Good Standing from last state or jurisdiction
  • Have not failed the Pennsylvania bar in the past

Law Schools in Pennsylvania

Here’s a list of law schools in Pennsylvania.

Thomas R. Kline School of Law (Drexel University)

  • Founded:  2006
  • Located:  Philadelphia, PA
  • Enrollment:  about 450
  • Tuition Cost: $45,500 View tuition breakdown
  • Bar Passage Rate: 77%
  • ABA Accredited:  Yes
  • Website:  drexel.edu/law

Duquesne University School of Law

  • Founded: 1911
  • Located:  Pittsburgh, PA
  • Tuition Cost: $39,992 View tuition breakdown
  • Bar Passage Rate:  84%
  • Website:  duq.edu/academics/schools/law

Penn State Dickinson Law

  • Founded:  1834
  • Located:  Carlisle, PA
  • Enrollment: about 225
  • Tuition Cost: $50,581 View tuition breakdown
  • Bar Passage Rate: 82%
  • Website:  dickinsonlaw.psu.edu

Penn State Law

  • Founded:  2014
  • Located: University Park, PA
  • Enrollment:  about 375
  • Tuition Cost: $52,976 View tuition breakdown
  • Bar Passage Rate:  85%
  • Website: pennstatelaw.psu.edu

Carey Law School (University of Pennsylvania)

  • Founded:  1923
  • Enrollment:  about 775
  • Tuition Cost: $67,998 View tuition breakdown
  • Bar Passage Rate:  97%
  • Website: law.upenn.edu

University of Pittsburgh School of Law

  • Founded: 1895
  • Enrollment:  about 400
  • Tuition Cost:  $46,874 View tuition breakdown
  • Bar Passage Rate:  91%
  • Website:  law.pitt.edu

Beasley School of Law (Temple University)

  • Founded:  1895
  • Enrollment:  about 750
  • Tuition Cost: $41,354 View tuition breakdown
  • Website: law.temple.edu

Charles Widger School of Law (Villanova University)

  • Founded:  1953
  • Located:  Villanova, PA
  • Enrollment:  about 525
  • Tuition Cost: $49,555 View tuition breakdown
  • Bar Passage Rate:  87%
  • Website:  villanova.edu/university/law

Widener University Commonwealth Law School

  • Founded:  1821
  • Located:  Harrisburg, PA
  • Enrollment:  about 325
  • Tuition Cost:  $1,571 per credit View tuition breakdown
  • Bar Passage Rate:  68%
  • Website:  commonwealthlaw.widener.edu

Helpful Groups

Here are some Facebook groups you may find helpful before, and after, passing the bar exam:

  • Girl Attorney – PA (905 members)
  • National Lawyers Guild Philadelphia Chapter (391 members)
  • Federalist Society, Harrisburg Lawyers’ Chapter (22 members)
  • National Lawyer’s Guild- Drexel Law Chapter (29 members)
  • Drexel Law Review (68 members)
  • Criminal Law Society, Drexel Law (67 members)
  • Kline School of Law Career Strategies Office Updates (421 members)
  • Kline School of Law Class of 2o22 (238 members)
  • Kline School of Law Class of 2021 (250 members)
  • Kline School of Law Class of 2020 (256 members)
  • Drexel Law 2020 (88 members)
  • OUTLaw at Drexel University Kline School of Law (63 members)
  • Employment Law – Drexel (20 members)
  • Duquesne University School of Law Animal Law Society (183 members)
  • Duquesne Law Incoming Class Fall 2020 (30 members)
  • Duquesne Law Incoming Class Fall 2019 (118 members)
  • Duquesne Law Incoming Class – Fall 2017 (107 members)
  • Duquesne Law Incoming Class – Fall 2016 (89 members)
  • Corporate Law Society – Penn State Dickinson Law (72 members)
  • Penn State Dickinson Law – Harrisburg Area Alumni (28 members)
  • Penn State Dickinson School of Law LL. M. Alumni (143 members)
  • Dickinson Law Class of 2020 (146 members)
  • Penn State Law Benefiting THON (45 members)
  • Penn State Law Mindfulness in Law Society (MILS) (75 members)
  • Penn State Law Environmental Law Society (45 members)
  • Penn Law WCLSA (109 members)
  • Penn State Law J.D. Class of 2022 (260 members)
  • Penn State Law J.D. Class of 2021 (278 members)
  • Penn State Law LL. M. Class of 2020 (173 members)
  • Penn State Law J.D. Class of 2020 (279 members)
  • Penn State Law Entering Class of Fall 2020 (86 members)
  • University of Pennsylvania Journal of Constitutional Law (146 members)
  • University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Law (JIL) (19 members)
  • Pitt Law BLSA (80 members)
  • Pitt Law International Law Society (168 members)
  • Pitt Law – Asian Student Law Association (31 members)
  • Pitt Law – Class of 2023 (58 members)
  • Pitt Law – Class of 2022 (211 members)
  • Pitt Law – Class of 2021 (270 members)
  • Pitt Law – Class of 2020 (281 members)
  • Pitt Law – Class of 2019 (268 members)
  • Pitt Law – Class of 2017 (257 members)
  • Pitt Law – Class of 2016 (266 members)
  • Temple Law Alumni Association (731 members)
  • Temple Law and Public Policy Alumni Association (123 members)
  • Temple Environmental Law Society (107 members)
  • Temple Law Class of 2023/24 (26 members)
  • Temple Law Class of 2022/23 (237 members)
  • Temple Law Class of 2021/2022 (229 members)
  • Temple Law Class of 2020/2021 (236 members)
  • Temple Law Class 2019/2020 (197 members)
  • Temple Law International Students 2019/2020 (44 members)
  • Villanova University School of Law Friends (64 members)
  • Villanova Law School Environmental and Energy Law Society (11 members)
  • Villanova Jewish Law Students Association (24 members)
  • Villanova OUTLaw (23 members)
  • Villanova Law APALSA (18 members)
  • Villanova Law School – National Lawyers Guild (36 members)
  • Villanova Law School – BLSA (58 members)
  • Villanova Law Class of 2023 (114 members)
  • Villanova Law Class of 2022 (307 members)
  • Villanova Law Class of 2021 (289 members)
  • Villanova Law Class of 2020 (279 members)
  • Villanova Law Class of 2019 (281 members)
  • Villanova Law Class of 2018 (204 members)
  • Widener Law Commonwealth 2019 Incoming Class (141 members)
  • Widener Law (758 members)

Other Resources

More helpful resources and study materials to help you pass the Pennsylvania State bar exam:

  • Pennsylvania Jurisdiction Information
  • Pennsylvania State Bar Association
  • Pennsylvania Supreme Court
  • National Conference of Bar Examiners
  • American Bar Association
  • Bar Prep Tips & Tricks YouTube Videos
  • Awesome Law School “Lectures”
  • Best Law School Audio Outlines
  • Shop Crushendo

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Bar Exam Format

Pennsylvania administers the Uniform Bar Exam (UBE) that consists of three parts: the Multistate Performance Test (MPT), the Multistate Essay Exam (MEE), and the Multistate Bar Examination (MBE). The exam is scheduled biannually on the last Tuesday and Wednesday of February and July. The MPT and MEE occur on Tuesday; the MBE occurs on Wednesday.

Multistate Performance Test (MPT)

(weighted 20% of bar exam score).

The MPT consists of two 90-minute items that are designed to assess the examinee’s ability to use fundamental lawyering skills in a realistic situation. Each examinee receives a “File” of source documents and a “Library” of cases, statutes, and rules. The MPT is a “closed universe” component in that it provides all necessary materials to answer the question and does not require the applicant to use any state-specific law.

Multistate Essay Exam (MEE)

(weighted 30% of bar exam score).

The MEE consists of six 30-minute essays testing the following subjects: all MBE subjects (Constitutional Law, Contracts and Sales, Criminal Law and Procedure, Evidence, Federal Civil Procedure, Real Property, and Torts), plus Business Associations (Agency, Corporations, and Partnerships), Conflicts of Law, Family Law, Secured Transactions, Trusts & Future Interests, and Wills & Decedents’ Estates.

Multistate Bar Exam (MBE)

(weighted 50% of bar exam score).

The MBE consists of 200 multiple-choice questions that test the following areas: Civil Procedure, Constitutional Law, Contracts & Sales, Criminal Law & Procedure, Evidence, Real Property, and Torts. Of the 200 questions, 175 are scored questions and 25 are unscored pre-test questions. The pre-test questions are indistinguishable from the scored questions so applicants are advised to answer all questions.

Subjects Tested

Mee subjects.

  • Conflict of Laws
  • Constitutional Law
  • Contracts & Sales
  • Corporations
  • Criminal Law & Procedure
  • Federal Civil Procedure
  • Partnerships
  • Real Property
  • Secured Transactions
  • Trusts & Future Interests
  • Wills & Decedents' Estates

MBE Subjects

  • Civil Procedure

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The Pennsylvania state bar exam will be administered on July 30-31, 2024.

Applications are due April 15, 2024. Late applications are accepted until May 30, 2024.

For details on the application process and fees, please visit the Pennsylvania Board of Law Examiners .

Pennsylvania Bar Exam Details

The Pennsylvania bar exam is 2 days and is administered twice a year on the last Tuesday and Wednesday of February and July. General details and passing standards for the Pennsylvania bar exam may be found online.

Pennsylvania Bar Exam Schedule:

Day 1: 2 Performance Test (PT) questions & 6 MEE essays

Day 2: MBE, 6 hours

The essay and PT portions of the Pennsylvania bar exam are 55% of your total bar exam score and tests the following subjects:

  • Business Organizations (including corporations, partnerships, LLCs, and professional corporations)
  • Civil Procedure (PA and federal)
  • Conflict of Laws
  • Criminal Law (including related PA and federal constitutional issues and DUI)
  • Employment Discrimination (limited to Title VII, ADA, and ADEA)
  • Evidence (PA and federal)
  • Federal Constitutional Law
  • Federal Income Taxes (personal only and limited to taxable and non-taxable income, deductions, proprietorships, and capital transactions)
  • Professional Responsibility
  • Real Property
  • UCC, Art. II - Sales
  • Wills, Trusts, and Decedents' Estates (including related fiduciary responsibilities)

The MBE portion of the Pennsylvania bar exam is 45% of your total bar exam score and tests the following subjects:

  • Civil Procedure
  • Constitutional Law
  • Criminal Law and Procedure

Study Resources for the Pennsylvania Bar Exam

Pennsylvania provides  model sample answers  online along with MBE information . 

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Pennsylvania Bar Exam (UBE) details

A typical pennsylvania bar exam is a 2-day uniform bar exam (ube).

Pennsylvania Bar Exam information is subject to change without notice. Please verify details with the Pennsylvania Board of Law Examiners .

Please also reference the  NCBE Covid-19 updates page  for NCBE updates and individual jurisdiction announcements.

Bar exam details

  • Six 30-minute Multistate Essay Exam questions and two 90-minute Multistate Performance Test questions. 
  • Multistate Bar Exam (MBE), a 200-question, multiple-choice exam (100 questions in the AM, 100 questions in the PM)

Subjects tested

  • Constitutional Law
  • Contracts/Sales
  • Criminal Law/Procedure
  • Federal Civil Procedure
  • Real Property
  • Business Associations (Agency and Partnership; Corporations; and Limited Liability Companies)
  • Conflict of Laws
  • Trusts and Estates (Decedents' Estates; Trusts and Future Interests)
  • Article 9 (Secured Transactions) of the Uniform Commercial Code
  • Plus all MBE subjects
  • “Closed universe” practical question using instructions, factual data, cases, statutes, and other reference material supplied by examiners.
  • A scaled score of 75 on the MPRE is required for admission.

Click here to learn more about the MPRE.

The MEE and MPT scores are scaled to the MBE.

  • MBE weighted 50%
  • MEE weighted 30%
  • MPT weighted 20%

A total scaled score of 272 or higher is required to pass the Pennsylvania Bar Exam.

Reciprocity

Acceptance of mbe score.

Pennsylvania does not accept an MBE score from an exam taken in another jurisdiction.

Admission on Motion

A member in good standing of a reciprocating jurisdiction may be admitted on motion in Pennsylvania if the applicant has engaged in the active practice of law for five of the seven years preceding application. Additional requirements apply.

Admission by UBE Score Transfer

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Get Detailed Information About The Pennsylvania Bar Exam Including Schedules, Grading, Reciprocity, Fees, Common Questions & More.

To become a lawyer in Pennsylvania, one must hold a degree from an accredited four-year university, make a passing score on the LSAT exam and complete an accredited law school program, and finally, complete the bar exam with a UBE total of 272 or greater.

Multistate Essay Exam (MEE)

The Multistate Essay Examination (MEE) is developed by NCBE and consists of six 30-minute questions. It is administered by user jurisdictions as part of the bar examination on the Tuesday before the last Wednesday in February and July of each year.

The purpose of the MEE is to test the examinee's ability to (1) identify legal issues raised by a hypothetical factual situation; (2) separate material which is relevant from that which is not; (3) present a reasoned analysis of the relevant issues in a clear, concise, and well-organized composition; and (4) demonstrate an understanding of the fundamental legal principles relevant to the probable solution of the issues raised by the factual situation. The primary distinction between the MEE and the Multistate Bar Examination (MBE) is that the MEE requires the examinee to demonstrate an ability to communicate effectively in writing.

Areas of law that may be covered on the MEE include the following: business associations (agency and partnership; corporations and limited liability companies), civil procedure, conflict of laws, constitutional law, contracts, criminal law and procedure, evidence, family law, real property, torts, trusts and estates (decedents' estates; trusts and future interests), and the Uniform Commercial Code (secured transactions).

Some questions may include issues in more than one area of law, and the particular areas covered vary from exam to exam.

Multistate Performance Test (MPT)

The Multistate Performance Test (MPT) is developed by the National Conference of Bar Examiners (NCBE) and consists of two 90-minute items. It is administered by user jurisdictions as part of the bar examination on the Tuesday before the last Wednesday in February and July of each year.

The MPT is designed to test an examinee's ability to use fundamental lawyering skills in a realistic situation and complete a task that a beginning lawyer should be able to accomplish. The MPT is not a test of substantive knowledge.

Rather, it is designed to evaluate certain fundamental skills lawyers are expected to demonstrate regardless of the area of law in which the skills arise.

Multistate Bar Exam (MBE)

The MBE is developed and graded by the NCBE.

This portion of the examination is an objective 6-hour examination containing 200 multiple-choice questions, which is divided into two 3-hour sessions during which 100 questions are administered.

The MBE tests 7 subjects: civil procedure, constitutional law, contracts, criminal law & procedure, evidence, real property, and torts.

Jurisdiction-Specific Component

There is no jurisdiction-specific component on the Pennsylvania Bar Exam.

The NCBE scores the MBE component of the UBE. Jurisdictions grade the MEE and MPT components. The MEE and MPT scores are scaled to the MBE and UBE total scores are calculated by NCBE.

UBE total scores are reported on a 400-point scale and a passing score of 272 is required in Penns.

Required MPRE Score: 75

Results for the February exam are typically released in mid April.

Results for the July exam are typically released in late September or mid October.

Reciprocity

Pennsylvania allows admission to the bar for applicants who have earned a passing UBE score from other jurisdictions no more than 30 months preceding application.

Admission on Motion

Pennsylvania allows for admission on motion if the applicant has been actively passing law for 5 of the last 7 years.

Contact Information

Pennsylvania Board of Law Examiners 601 Commonwealth Ave., Suite 3600 P.O. Box 62535 Harrisburg, PA 17106

https://www.pabarexam.org Phone: 717-231-3350 Fax: 717-231-3351

The Uniform Bar Exam (UBE) is a 2-day exam administered twice a year, with the MBE given on the last Wednesday of February and July and the MEE and MPT given on the Tuesday prior to that.

Day AM PM
Tue 2 Performance Test (3 hours) 6 Essays on any subject (3 hours)
Wed 100 MBE Questions (3 hours) 100 MBE Questions (3 hours)

Subjects Tested

Mbe subjects.

  • Civil Procedure
  • Constitutional Law
  • Criminal Law & Procedure
  • Real Property

Essay Subjects

  • Business Associations
  • Conflict of Laws
  • Wills (Decedents' Estates)

2023 Filing Deadlines & Fees

When is the pennsylvania bar exam in 2023 & 2024.

February 21-22, 2023 July 25-26, 2023 February 27-28, 2024 Jul 30-31, 2024
Timely Filing: October 30, 2022 April 15, 2023 October 30, 2023 April 15, 2024
Final Filing: December 15, 2022 May 30, 2023 December 15, 2023 May 30, 2024

Feb 21-22, 2023

Timely Filing: Oct 30, 2022

Final Filing: Dec 15, 2022

Jul 25-26, 2023

Timely Filing: Apr 15, 2023

Final Filing: May 30, 2023

Feb 27-28, 2024

Timely Filing: Oct 30, 2023

Final Filing: Dec 15, 2023

Jul 30-31, 2024

Timely Filing: Apr 15, 2024

Final Filing: May 30, 2024

How Much Does the Pennsylvania Bar Exam Cost?

Exam Fee: $650
Laptop Computer Fee: $115

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BarMax UBE Course Structure & Features

Comprehensive & concise.

BarMax UBE includes the 14 major exam topics, corresponding to the topics tested on the exam. We then divide each topic into 7-8 subtopics to make the study material easier to absorb.

Superior Content

Each subtopic includes an in-depth outline, an audio lecture from a Harvard-educated law professor, and when appropriate, numerous flashcards and multiple-choice MBE questions from previous exams. You will also receive the outines in printed hardcopy format.

Instant Access

When you enroll in BarMax UBE your study materials are available instantly so you can start immediately and study at your pace. Plus, there are no additional fees to access the full course after the exam.

Essay Grading

You will also receive 10 free writing critiques (performance tests or essays). Additional critiques can be purchased a la carte. Our former bar graders ensure you receive accurate and effective criticism.

BarMax UBE Course Study Materials

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130+ Real Practice Essays
75+ Real Perf Tests
10 Free Writing Critiques
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Digital Welcome Packet
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Common Questions About the UBE.

What is the uniform bar exam.

The Uniform Bar Exam (UBE) is effectively a national bar exam coordinated by the National Conference of Bar Examiners (NCBE) and is composed of three parts: (1) the Multistate Bar Examination (MBE) , the Multistate Essay Examination (MEE), and the Multistate Performance Test (MPT).

The UBE is uniformly administered, graded, and scored by adopting jurisdictions and results in a portable score that can be transferred to other UBE jurisdictions.

What does the Uniform Bar Exam application look like?

There is no Uniform Bar Exam application.

Applicants must register for the UBE by applying to a user jurisdiction. For example, a student taking the UBE in New York would apply to sit for the New York bar exam .

Applicants who have taken the UBE may transfer their UBE scores to seek admission in other UBE jurisdictions.

This map shows UBE jurisdictions in orange and lists the maximum age of transferred UBE scores for each jurisdiction:

UBE Jurisdictions

Missouri, North Dakota
Iowa, Utah
Alabama
Connecticut, Kansas, Maine, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, Virgin Islands, West Virginia, Wyoming
Colorado, New Hampshire, Vermont
Idaho
Washington
Alaska, Arizona, District of Columbia

*The maximum age of transferred UBE scores in Maryland has not been determined.

Please note, however, that jurisdiction rules and policies can change, so we would strongly advise consulting the jurisdiction’s bar admission agency directly for the most current information.

What states accept the UBE?

What States Accept the UBE

These are the UBE jurisdictions:

  • Connecticut
  • District of Columbia
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan (February 2023)
  • New Hampshire
  • North Carolina
  • North Dakota
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • West Virginia
  • Virgin Islands

While technically not UBE jurisdictions, the following jurisdictions either administer or substantially administer the UBE:

  • Mississippi
  • South Dakota

Are there states that are considering the UBE?

Every year more and more states are adopting the UBE.

In February 2021, the Texas bar exam will administer its first Uniform Bar Exam.

California and Florida are the largest legal markets still administering state-specific tests. While Florida has formally considered adopting the UBE, California seems to have no interest in doing so. The California bar exam , however, recently shorten from three days to two days, a step in the right direction.

What are the Uniform Bar Exam subjects?

Multistate bar exam subjects:.

  • Civil Procedure (Civ Pro)
  • Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure (Crimes)
  • Constitutional Law (Con Law)

Multistate Essay Exam Subjects:

Business Associations : Agency and partnership, and corporations and limited liability companies.

Civil Procedure (Civ Pro) : Jurisdiction and venue, the law applied by federal courts, pretrial procedures, jury trials, motions, verdicts and judgments, and appealability and review.

Conflicts of Law : These issues are embedded in other topic areas and do not appear as standalone questions. Issues include domicile, the jurisdiction of courts, choice of law, and recognition and enforcement of other states'judgments and foreign judgments.

Constitutional Law (Con Law) : Nature of judicial review, separation of powers, relation of nation and states in a federal system, and individual rights.

Contracts : Formation of contracts, defenses to enforceability, contract content and meaning, performance, breach and discharge, remedies, and third-party rights.

Criminal Law and Procedure (Crimes) : Homicide, other crimes, inchoate crimes; parties, general principles, and constitutional protection of accused persons.

Evidence : Presentation of evidence, relevancy and reasons for excluding relevant evidence, privileges and other policy exclusions, writings, recordings, and photographs, and hearsay and circumstances of its admissibility.

Family Law : Getting married, being married, separation, divorce, dissolution, and annulment, child custody, rights of unmarried cohabitants, parent, child, and state, adoption, and alternatives to adoption.

Real Property : Ownership of real property, rights in real property, real estate contracts, mortgages/security devices, and titles.

Secured Transactions : Assume articles 1 and 9 of Uniform Commercial Code are adopted and in effect. General UCC principles, applicability, and definitions, validity of security agreements and rights of parties, rights of third parties, default.

Torts : Intentional torts, negligence, strict liability and products liability, and other torts.

Trusts and Decendents’ Estates : Intestate succession, wills, family protection, living wills and durable healthcare powers, and trusts and future interests.

What’s the best way to study for the UBE?

BarMax UBE offers comprehensive prep for the Uniform Bar Exam for only $1,895.

The course comes with instant and lifetime access as well as a pass guarantee .

In addition to on-demand audio lectures by legendary law professors, BarMax UBE offers condense black-letter law outlines, flashcards, and the largest banks of real MBE, MEE and MPT questions on the market.

BarMax UBE also includes a detailed course calendar to guide you as you prep.

And while BarMax is a remote learning process, this does not mean you will be alone. You will have access to chat, email and message boards for content-related questions as well as personalized writing revisions by former bar exam graders.

What are the Uniform Bar Exam dates?

The UBE is administered twice a year over two days, with the MBE portion given on the last Wednesday of February and July and the MEE and MPT given on the Tuesday prior to that.

How is the UBE scored?

The NCBE scores the MBE component of the UBE. Jurisdictions grade the MEE and MPT components.

The MEE and MPT scores are scaled to the MBE and UBE total scores are calculated by the NCBE.

The MBE is weighted 50%, the MEE 30%, and the MPT 20%.

UBE total scores are reported on a 400-point scale.

Jurisdictions set their own minimum passing scores for the UBE:

UBE Minimum Passing Scores

Alabama, Minnesota, Missouri, New Mexico, North Dakota
Connecticut, District of Columbia, Iowa, Kansas, Montana, New Jersey, New York, South Carolina, Virgin Islands
Massachusetts, Nebraska, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Utah, Vermont, Washington, West Virginia, Wyoming
Idaho
Arizona
Oregon
Colorado, Maine
Alaska

What’s the Uniform Bar Exam format?

The UBE consists of three sections: the Multistate Bar Examination (MBE), the Multistate Essay Examination (MEE), and the Multistate Performance Test (MPT).

The format is as follows:

Tuesday AM: 6 30-minute Multistate Essay Questions

Tuesday PM: 2 90-minute Multistate Performance Tests

Wednesday AM: 100 MBE Questions (3 hours)

Wednesday PM: 100 MBE Questions (3 hours)

What’s the difference between the UBE and the MBE?

The Multistate Bar Examination (MBE) is a six-hour, 200-question multiple-choice examination developed by NCBE and administered by user jurisdictions as part of the bar examination on the last Wednesday in February and the last Wednesday in July of each year.

The MBE is a component of the Uniform Bar Exam (UBE). Jurisdictions that administer the UBE weight the MBE component 50%.

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Tools to Maximize Your Pennsylvania Bar Review

1. Lean Sheets Attack Outlines

Lean Sheets streamline the most important and frequently tested material into  just 2-3 pages for each subject. These uniquely condensed Bar Exam outlines also include helpful mnemonics for memorization, as well as charts and diagrams to help visualize key concepts.

By focusing on what you NEED to know for the bar exam, Lean Sheets allow you to spend more time writing essays and practicing MBE questions, and less time reviewing the black letter law. Without question, Lean Sheets are the most efficient way to review for the Pennsylvania Bar Exam.

NOTE: Lean Sheets do not include Pennsylvania distinctions, but rather the general law for the subjects listed below.

MBE Subjects

Civil Procedure Constitutional Law Contracts Criminal Law & Procedure Evidence Real Property Torts

Essay Subjects

Agency & Partnership Business Associations Conflict of Laws Family Law Secured Transactions Wills & Estates Trusts

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You will also receive the following charts and diagrams:

- Con Law Charts - Evidence Charts - Real Prop. Estates Diagram

Pennsylvania Bar Exam Study Guides and Pennsylvania Bar Exam Attack Outlines

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Lean Sheets include:

  • Attack Outlines for all MBE subjects
  • Attack Outlines for all MEE subjects
  • Evidence Charts
  • Con Law Charts
  • Real Property Estates Diagram

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Pennsylvania Bar Exam Flashcards UBE Flashcards and MBE Flashcards

In response to high demand, Lean Sheets has created its own Flashcards for all MBE and Multistate Essay subjects. Our 951 Flashcards cover all of the subjects tested, and provide the essential black-letter law in an efficient and easily digestible format.

MBE Flashcards

Civil Procedure Constitutional Law Contracts Crim Law & Crim Pro Evidence Real Property Torts

Essay Flashcards

Business Associations Agency & Partnerships Conflict of Laws Family Law Secured Transactions Wills & Estates Trusts

Contracts Sample

Contracts Sample Flashcard

Evidence Sample

Evidence flashcard sample

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Note: Flashcards available for immediate download. You will not receive hard copies in the mail.

 

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"The lectures were concise and focused on the important points, which allowed me to learn the new areas of law with the least effort, and efficiently refresh my memory on the other areas."

"[The course is] more condensed and focused on the basics of the black letter law, and on helping students develop a test writing strategy."

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AmeriBar's Pennsylvania Bar Exam Essay Master Course Information

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ESSAY MASTER COURSE DETAILS

■   Essay Subject Outline Book

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Agency Domestic Relations Partnerships
Civil Procedure Employment Discrimination Trusts
 Conflict of Laws Ethics Wills
Corporations Federal Income Taxation MBE Subjects- Supplements

Listen to samples of lectures and view pages from outlines .

■ Released Essay Questions

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■  Strategy Workshop Lectures

pennsylvania bar essay topics

The strategy workshop is designed to teach students the strategies and techniques required to pass the exam.    The workshop covers both study strategies and essay writing techniques.  Learn how to use effective legal writing strategies to your advantage.  The lectures help students utilize legal writing techniques to maximize points when drafting essay answers.  The workshop cover s everything from how to set up your study schedule, to what to do each day to prepare.  It also contains strategies on how to prepare for and write a bar exam essay answer.   The workshop has been prepared with the retaker in mind, but is incredibly useful for all examinees.

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■ MPT Course Access

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IMPORTANT NOTE

The Essay Master Course is available for students who already have materials for the Multistate Bar Examination ("MBE"). The MBE subjects may also be tested on the essay exam.  The Essay Master Course contains practice essay questions and answers covering MBE subjects.   However, it does not contain complete outlines of general legal principles for the subjects tested on the MBE .   Ensure that you have adequate materials to help you prepare for the MBE subjects. If you do not have complete outlines for the MBE subjects, you should enroll in AmeriBar's Complete Home Study Course , which covers all of the subjects on the exam.

AmeriBar constantly monitors past bar exams questions and testing trends.  Our materials are focused on testable points of law.  Therefore, you will not waste hours of your study time learning extraneous information.  Utilize your time efficiently .

MAKE THIS TIME DIFFERENT

Are you are a retaker who enrolled in a traditional bar review course the last time you sat for the exam, but were unsuccessful? It is likely that you spent too much time reviewing your knowledge of the law, and not enough time learning how to write essay answers or adequately prepare for the MBE.  It is likely that you studied inefficiently. Instead of spending dozens or even hundreds of hours listening to mind-numbing lectures of the law, learn how to spend your time efficiently learning the law you need to know in order to pass.  In fact, one of our recent students who had previously taken a traditional review course (and failed his exam) let us know that the best part of AmeriBar's program was that he actually studied less and passed! Focus on the law you need to know, and spend the rest of your time learning how to apply your knowledge to the questions presented by the bar examiners.

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pennsylvania bar essay topics

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IMAGES

  1. The Smart Guide to the Pennsylvania Bar Exam

    pennsylvania bar essay topics

  2. 160 PENNSYLVANIA BAR ASSO

    pennsylvania bar essay topics

  3. List of Sources for Sample Bar Exam Essays

    pennsylvania bar essay topics

  4. The City of Philadelphia in Pennsylvania Essay Example

    pennsylvania bar essay topics

  5. Pa bar exam practice essays

    pennsylvania bar essay topics

  6. Pennsylvania Bar Review Course and Bar Exam Prep

    pennsylvania bar essay topics

VIDEO

  1. Ake bar essay chu lu Jara full #comady #short

  2. Pennsylvania Superior Court Symposium

  3. One and Done

  4. One Timers Essay Review

  5. Pennsylvania Bar Association Mock Trial Championship Training Video

  6. 2024 95th Pennsylvania FFA State Convention Session 1

COMMENTS

  1. Pennsylvania Bar Exam

    Structure of the Pennsylvania Bar Exam. The first day of the examination consists of one Performance Test (PT) question and six essay questions that are prepared by the examiners and approved by the Board. The second day of the examination is the Multistate Bar Examination (MBE). Additional Information.

  2. Pennsylvania Bar Exam

    Pennsylvania Board of Law Examiners. 601 Commonwealth Ave., Suite 3600. P.O Box 62535. Harrisburg, PA 17106-2535. Physical Address (Overnight Deliveries via DHL, FedEx, UPS, etc.) Pennsylvania Board of Law Examiners. Pennsylvania Judicial Center. 601 Commonwealth Ave., Suite 3600. Harrisburg, PA 17120-0901. Phone: (717) 231-3350 Fax: (717) 231-3351

  3. The Smart Guide to the Pennsylvania Bar Exam

    Multistate Essay Exam (MEE) 6 essays ^ Multistate Performance Test (MPT) 2 writing assignments. Pennsylvania Bar Exam Dates July 2024 exam: July 30-31, 2024 Feb. 2025 exam: Feb. 25-26, 2025 *The Pennsylvania Bar Exam takes place on the last Tuesday & Wednesday of February and July.

  4. The Pennsylvania Bar Exam

    Get ready for the 2024 Pennsylvania Bar Exam. Learn exam dates, costs, scores, pass rates, results, requirements, subjects, and practice with sample questions. The Pennsylvania Bar Exam adopted the Uniform Bar Exam (UBE®) in July 2022. The UBE is divided into three sections—the Multistate Bar Examination (MBE®), the Multistate Performance ...

  5. Ultimate Guide to Pennsylvania Bar Exam, Bar Prep

    Pennsylvania Bar Exam Scores and Grading. A passing score for the Pennsylvania bar is a 272. Scores of the three tests comprising the bar are weighted as follows: MBE = 50% of total score. MEE = 30% of total score. MPT = 20% of total score. *A passing score for the MPRE in Pennsylvania is 75/150.

  6. Pennsylvania Bar Exam

    Essay Exam - six essay questions that consist of one or more of the following topics: Business Organizations (including corporations, partnerships, limited liability companies and professional corporations) ... Application for Permission to Sit for the Pennsylvania Bar Examination and for Character and Fitness Determination under Pa.B.A.R. 203/205.

  7. A Look at the Pennsylvania Bar Exam

    The components of the Pennsylvania Bar Exam are weighted as follows: MBE 45%, Essays 44%, PT 11%. Grading of the essays focuses on issue spotting, the quality of discussion, application of law to facts, and logical reasoning to reach a conclusion, rather than on the correctness of the conclusion. After each administration, the essay questions ...

  8. Pennsylvania Bar Exam

    Multistate Bar Exam (MBE) (Weighted 50% of Bar Exam Score) The MBE consists of 200 multiple-choice questions that test the following areas: Civil Procedure, Constitutional Law, Contracts & Sales, Criminal Law & Procedure, Evidence, Real Property, and Torts. Of the 200 questions, 175 are scored questions and 25 are unscored pre-test questions.

  9. Pennsylvania Bar Exam

    Pennsylvania Bar Exam Schedule: Day 1: 2 Performance Test (PT) questions & 6 MEE essays. Day 2: MBE, 6 hours. The essay and PT portions of the Pennsylvania bar exam are 55% of your total bar exam score and tests the following subjects: Business Organizations (including corporations, partnerships, LLCs, and professional corporations) ...

  10. Bar Exam Information

    The topics covered on the essay portion of bar exams most frequently taken by Temple Law School graduates are listed below. When it may not be self-evident which Temple Law School courses devote substantial attention to the particular topic, the courses are noted in the brackets. ... Pennsylvania. The Pennsylvania essay exam tests all six of ...

  11. PDF February 2021 Pennsylvania Bar Exam Frequently Asked Questions

    minutes to answer both essay questions in the session. Applicants must provide their answers to each essay question in a separate screen. o On Tuesday, February 23, the Board will administer two test sessions. Each session will include two essay questions and applicants will have a total of 90 minutes to complete both questions in the session.

  12. PA & NJ Bar Exam Information

    In lieu of taking the MPRE, students can satisfy the professional responsibility component of the New Jersey bar exam by earning a grade of C- or higher in a law school professional responsibility course. For more information, click here. Contact Information: New Jersey Board of Bar Examiners. P.O. Box 973. Trenton, NJ 08625-0973. (609) 984-2111.

  13. Pennsylvania Bar Exam Information and Details

    Extended Bar Prep. Part-time course | 6- or 10-month. Best for candidates without a J.D. from a U.S. law school looking for the most comprehensive bar prep or students who want more study time & flexibility. Important Pennsylvania Bar Exam information and details including dates, subjects, scoring, reciprocity, and more. Learn more now!

  14. America's First Bar Exam Website!

    America's First Bar Exam Website! C ommentary. The Pennsylvania Board of Bar Examiners offer a few past essay exams here. (We offer a bigger selection of past Pennsylvania essay questions below.) The Pennsylvania bar exam, a 2-day exam, consists of the six-hour multiple-choice Multistate Bar Examination (MBE), weighted 45%; one 90-minute ...

  15. The Pennsylvania Board of Law Examiners

    The Board of Law Examiners is empowered by the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania to recommend for admission only those individuals who have demonstrated the minimum competency and requisite character necessary to become a member of the bar of this Commonwealth. This mission preserves the integrity of the legal system, and protects all individuals seeking legal representation from unethical or ...

  16. Past Bar Exams

    Patent Bar Exam Information. Annual Compilation of Bar Examination Questions & Answers. Call Number: KF303.I57. Essay questions and answers from selected states published twice a year. Delaware Bar Examinations. Call Number: KFD76.D4. Delaware essay and professional conduct questions and answers. Patent Agent's Exam. Call Number: KF3165.Z9 P38.

  17. Pennsylvania Bar Exam Information 2024

    The Multistate Essay Examination (MEE) is developed by NCBE and consists of six 30-minute questions. It is administered by user jurisdictions as part of the bar examination on the Tuesday before the last Wednesday in February and July of each year. The purpose of the MEE is to test the examinee's ability to (1) identify legal issues raised by a ...

  18. Pennsylvania Bar Exam Outlines

    Tools to Maximize Your Pennsylvania Bar Review. 1. Lean Sheets Attack Outlines. Lean Sheets streamline the most important and frequently tested material into just 2-3 pages for each subject. These uniquely condensed Bar Exam outlines also include helpful mnemonics for memorization, as well as charts and diagrams to help visualize key concepts.

  19. MPT and MEE Questions and Analysis

    Accessing UBE Written Component Questions And Analyses. Pennsylvania examinees who have received the link to this page should make a request for these materials by completing the Miscellaneous Request Form . Board staff will email the materials to you at no charge, provided you make the request by the deadline. bottom frame for the all pages ...

  20. Pennsylvania Essay Master Course Information

    The Pennsylvania outline book contains outlines for all non-Multistate Bar Exam (MBE) subjects testable on the essay portion of the Pennsylvania Bar Exam. It also contains essay testing supplements for the MBE subjects. This book, along with the MBE course, contain the law you need to know in order to pass the Pennsylvania Bar Exam. The focus ...

  21. Day One of the Pennsylvania Bar Exam..essays... Forum

    Bar Exam Prep and Discussion Forum; Law School Courses; Law School Class Forums. TLS Class of 2025 Forum; TLS Class of 2024 Forum; TLS Class of 2023 Forum; TLS Class of 2022 Forum; TLS Class of 2021 Forum; TLS Class of 2020 Forum; Legal Employment Forums. Legal Employment; Judicial Clerkships; OCI;

  22. Past Exam Essay Questions with Sample Candidate Answers

    office (518) 453-5990 fax (518) 452-5729 TTY: Call 711 (nyrelay.com) Phone Hours: Monday - Friday 8:30am - 4:30pm Eastern Time